Dr. Markus Bayer

Function: Senior Researcher
Phone: +49 228 91196-40
E-Mail: markus.bayer(at)

Key expertise

Social movements, (Non)violent resistance and political change, democratisation, civil–military relations, arms control, international arms trade, German arms exports.

(Academic) education / CV:

Markus holds an MA in Political Science (minors: Sociology/Peace and Conflict Studies) from Philipps-University of Marburg (2009) and a PhD. from the University of Duisburg–Essen (2020).

He worked on a wide array of third-party funded research projects: From 2010 to 2011, he gained first experiences in interdisciplinary research while working at Philipps-University of Marburg on a joint research project on “Cultural categorization and social conflict” funded by the state offensive to develop scientific and economic excellence (LOEWE) of the federal state of Hesse.

Subsequently, from 2011 to 2014, Markus joined a project exploring the question “Why do sates collapse” funded by the German Research Foundation (DFG) and based at the University of Duisburg–Essen. Being part of the Institute of Political Science and working on peace and development-related topics, Markus also became member of the Institute for Development and Peace (INEF) based in Duisburg.

Between 2015 and 2019 Markus was part of a research team investigating the long-term effects of (non)violent resistance on the consolidation of subsequent democracies, a project closely related to his PhD. The project was funded by the German Research Foundation (DFG) and based at the University of Duisburg–Essen. During this project, Markus did field research in Namibia, Benin and Cape Verde where he spent three months each conducting expert interviews. 

In parallel, from 2017 to 2019, he worked on a project on “The demand side of clientelism” (funded by DFG) in which he conducted focus group interviews and survey experiments in Tunisia and South Africa.

In the following year, from 2019 to 2020, Markus worked at the chair of International Relations and Development Politics at the University of Duisburg–Essen, where he taught classes in peace and conflict studies.

In 2020, Markus joined BICC where he is now responsible for the project “Security, armaments and development in recipient countries of German arms exports”.

List of publications (pdf)