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Results: 31

Brzoska, M. (2006, November). Analysis of and recommendations for covering security relevant expenditures within and outside of official development assistance (ODA) (Paper series No. 53). Bonn: BICC.

This short study aims to stake out the options for better capturing the implications of the growing conception that development, conflict, security and peace are interdependent for the OECD DAC’s reporting system, within and outside of ODA (Official Development Assistance). It discusses various... more

Brzoska, M. (Ed.). (2004). Conversion Survey 2005 - Global Disarmament, Demilitarization and Demobilization. Baden-Baden: Nomos.

More than two billion human beings throughout the world still live on less than US $2 per day, a situation the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) of the United Nations were designed to redress. Despite progress in a number of areas, the Goals are unlikely to be met without major policy changes. A... more

Brzoska, M., von Boemcken, M., Paes, W.-C., & Jaspers, W. (2004, October). Incorporation of Defense Expenditures into Public Expenditure Work (Paper series No. 38). Bonn: BICC.

The following short case studies will present and discuss readily available information on deficits in the planning, programming implementation and control of military expenditures in the East- African countries of Ethiopia, Burundi, Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda.The case studies are structured as... more

Brzoska, M., & Croll, P. (2004, September). Promoting Security: But How and For Whom? - Contributions to BICC’s Ten-year Anniversary Conference (Brief series No. 30). Bonn: BICC.

BICC brief 30 documents the international conference “Promoting Security: But How and For Whom?” which took place on from 1 to 2 April 2004 in Bonn and was dedicated to BICC’s 10th anniversary.The conference discussed six topics, each of which was to be deliberated in its own discussion... more

Brzoska, M. (Ed.). (2003). Conversion Survey 2004 - Global Disarmament, Demilitarization and Demobilization. Baden-Baden: Nomos.

Sweeping political and economic transformations worldwide have brought substantial reductions in armaments, armed forces and their associated costs. The authors describe a "decade of disarmament" after decades of an uninterrupted arms race.The decreased military employment of resources... more

Brzoska, M. (2003). Development Donors and the Concept of Security Sector Reform. DCAF Occasional Papers 4

This paper aims to clarify some of the aspects of the discussion on security sectorreform, its origins, strengths and weaknesses. The emphasis is on the concept of security sector reform, the ideas behind it, and its links to other discourses. Security sector reform has its roots in the development... more

Brzoska, M. (Ed.). (2002). Conversion Survey 2003 - Global Disarmament, Demilitarization and Demobilization. Baden-Baden: Nomos.

In the past year, political leaders and the general public alike have paid increasing attention to what are seen as ‘new threats’ as well as the responses to them. Authoritarian or failed states, terrorism, the spread of weapons of mass destruction, and the legitimization of preemptive wars all... more

Brzoska, M., Kingma, K., Wulf, H., & Ball, N. (2002, June). Voice and accountability in the security sector (Paper series No. 21). Bonn: BICC.

Decision-making on security sectors is dominated by elites, particularly military elites, because of unequal power and knowledge relations. In strengthening the institutions of accountability it is important to give high priority to strengthening the capacity of civilians to manage and monitor the... more

Brzoska, M., & Küchle, H. (2002, January). Folgen, Auswirkungen und Gestaltungsmöglichkeiten internationaler Abkommen für eine restriktive deutsche Rüstungsexportpolitik (Paper series No. 19). Bonn: BICC.

On behalf of the Research and Documentation Division of the German Bundestag, BICC conducted research on the following topics: • Effects and consequences of international/inter-state agreements and contracts on arms exports, or international arms cooperation and collaboration regarding German... more

Brzoska, M. (Ed.). (2001). Conversion Survey 2002 - Global Disarmament, Demilitarization and Demobilization. Baden-Baden: Nomos.

The terrorist attacks of 11 September 2001 may well be remembered as a turning point in recent history, marking the end of the post-Cold War era. As documented in detail in the Update, after a decade of cuts in military expenditures, reductions in arms production, job losses in the defense... more

Brzoska, M. (Ed.). (2000). Conversion Survey 2001 - Global Disarmament, Demilitarization and Demobilization. Baden-Baden: Nomos.

The current slowdown in disarmament and conversion, after a decade of reductions, makes it imperative to find new ways of revitalizing these processes. With global military expenditures on the rise again and classical arms control inadequate to the new situation, there is a great need to develop... more

Brzoska, M. (Ed.). (2000). Smart Sanctions: The Next Steps - The Debate on Arms Embargoes and Travel Sanctions within the 'Bonn-Berlin Process'. Baden-Baden: Nomos.

Sanctions are the strongest non-military instruments available to the United Nations to enforce international law, peace and security. More than a dozen sanctions regimes were imposed in the 1990s, but these often had undesired side-effects on the population of the target countries-particularly in... more

Brzoska, M. (2000). Design and Implementation of Arms Embargoes and Travel and Aviation Related Sanctions - Results of the 'Bonn-Berlin Process'

This booklet sets out model Security council resolutions. It also includes a commentary compilde by government experts, members of the academic community, non-governmental organizations and other independent specialists. more

Brzoska, M., Franko, P., & Husbands, J. (2000, March). Typology of Military Assets (Paper series No. 16). Bonn: BICC.

This report suggests a framework for a country interested in assessing the scope of its military assets that have potential for transformation into peaceful, productive purposes as part of a post-conflict or structural adjustment package. This report draws no conclusions as to an optimal level of... more

Brzoska, M. (Ed.). (1999). Conversion Survey 2000 - Global Disarmament, Demilitarization and Demobilization. Baden-Baden: Nomos.

In 1999 the world risked losing sight of on-going disarmament efforts as wars such as Kosovo and Chechnya took the headlines. Nuclear arms negotiations stalled, 'old' conflicts continued, and the United States extended its role as the dominant military power, prompting a debate in Europe as to its... more

Brzoska, M. (Ed.). (1998). Conversion Survey 1999 - Global Disarmament, Demilitarization and Demobilization. Baden-Baden: Nomos.

With the 'disarmament decade' drawing to a close, perceptible changes in worldwide demilitarization are taking place. The initial post-Cold War enthusiasm for a 'peace dividend' is tempered somewhat by revelations of a recent deceleration in disarmament initiatives. While this trend is reflected in... more

Brzoska, M. (Ed.). (1997). Conversion Survey 1998 - Global Disarmament, Defense Industry Consolidation and Conversion. Baden-Baden: Nomos.

With the conversion survey 1998, the Bonn International Center for Conversion (BICC)presents its third yearbook. This year's edition lays emphasis on the worldwide process of adaptation of the defense industries-downsizing, concentration and conversion-to drastically reduced military expenditures... more

Brzoska, M. (Ed.). (1996). Conversion Survey 1997 - Global Disarmament and Disposal of Surplus Weapons. Baden-Baden: Nomos.

n its second yearbook Conversion Survey 1997: Global Disarmament and Disposal of Surplus Weapons, BICC (Bonn International Center for Conversion) presents an up-to-date overview of the most recent trends in international disarmament and conversion. Disarmament is continuing worldwide, even if the... more

Voß, W., & Brzoska, M. (1996, January). Eurofighter 2000: Consequences and Alternatives (Brief series No. 5). Bonn: BICC.

BICC brief 5 “Eurofighter 2000: Consequences and Alternatives” deals with the development and procurement of fighter jets type Eurofighter 2000 representing the largest current arms project in Western Europe. The current restructuring of the aviation industry worldwide has raised some doubt about... more

Brzoska, M. (Ed.). (1995). Conversion Survey 1996 - Global Disarmament, Demilitarization and Demobilization. Baden-Baden: Nomos.

Sweeping political and economic transformations worldwide have brought substantial reductions in armaments, armed forces and their associated costs. The authors describe a "decade of disarmament" after decades of an uninterrupted arms race.The decreased military employment of resources... more

Voß, W., & Brzoska, M. (Eds.). (1995). Auswirkungen und Alternativen des Eurofighter 2000

Consequences and Alternatives of the Eurofighter 2000. A study of four countries more

Brzoska, M., Kingma, K., & Wulf, H. (1995, June). Military Conversion for Social Development
Report on BICC Panel Discussion at the World Summit for Social Development, Copenhagen, 8 March 1995

This report summarizes the panel discussion on Conversion and Social Development, which was organized by the Bonn International Center for Conversion (BICC) as one of the special events at the United Nations' World Summit for Social Development, held 6-12 March 1995 in Copenhagen. Together, the... more

Brzoska, M., Kingma, K., & Wulf, H. (1995, February). Demilitarization and Conversion (Paper series No. 1). Bonn: BICC.

With the reductions of global military expenditure in recent years and the end of the East–West arms race, major opportunities for conversion exists. Conversion is often looked at as a narrow problem of retooling arms factories for civilian production. In fact, the reduction in military activity... more