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Bayer, M., Alberth, R., Hauk, S., & Mutschler, M. (2021, August). Global Militarisation Index: Presentation, Codebook and reflexion (BICC Working Paper series No. 3/2021). Bonn: BICC.

Measuring militarisation is complex. Since 2003 and retrospectively up to 1990, BICC has been measuring militarisation worldwide with the Global Militarisation Index (GMI). The GMI’s approach is resource-based and measures the level of militarisation of a society by its allocation of... more

Mutschler, M., & Hauk, S. (2020, October). Five ways to make the European Peace Facility a role model for arms export control (BICC Policy Brief series No. 6/2020). Bonn: BICC.

Supporting security forces in third countries with training and/or military equipment is reasonable if it helps to strengthen a legitimised monopoly of force that improves peoples’ sense of security in their country. However, where the legitimacy of the security forces is in doubt, their human... more