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Batchelor, P., Kingma, K., & Lamb, G. (Eds.). (2004). Demilitarisation and Peace-building in Southern Africa (Volume III - The Role of the Military in State Formation and Nation-Building). Aldershot: Ashgate.

Volume III considers the role that the military has played in state formation and nation-building in five southern African countries, namely Botswana, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa and Zimbabwe. more

Batchelor, P., & Kingma, K. (Eds.). (2003). Demilitarisation and Peace-building in Southern Africa (Volume I - Concepts and Processes). Aldershot: Ashgate.

Provides a conceptual framework for the analysis of demilitarisation and peace-building processes, applicable particularly in the southern Africa context. This volume argues that a broad concept of peace- building has to take into account economic, political, social and cultural factors, at the... more

Brzoska, M., Kingma, K., Wulf, H., & Ball, N. (2002, June). Voice and accountability in the security sector (Paper series No. 21). Bonn: BICC.

Decision-making on security sectors is dominated by elites, particularly military elites, because of unequal power and knowledge relations. In strengthening the institutions of accountability it is important to give high priority to strengthening the capacity of civilians to manage and monitor the... more

Kingma, K. (2001). Demobilisation and Reintegration of Ex-combatants in Post-war and Transition Countries. Trends and Challenges of External Support. GTZ study: DD&R

The aim of this paper is to provide a general picture of recent demobilisations worldwide and to indicate the countries in which assistance might be required and/or requested for the demobilisation and reintegration of ex-combattants in the foreseeable future and what form this might take. more

Kingma, K. (1999). Demobilization in Sub-Saharan Africa:
The development and security impacts. Military Industrial Conversion, Special issue of the International Regional Science Review (IRSR), vol.23, no.1

In the early and mid-1990s, several African countries demobilized part of their armed forces. This book analyses, in the light of Africa's large development challenges and continuing wars and insecurity, the questions: to what extent and how demobilizations have contributed to peace and human... more

Brzoska, M., Kingma, K., & Wulf, H. (1995, June). Military Conversion for Social Development
Report on BICC Panel Discussion at the World Summit for Social Development, Copenhagen, 8 March 1995

This report summarizes the panel discussion on Conversion and Social Development, which was organized by the Bonn International Center for Conversion (BICC) as one of the special events at the United Nations' World Summit for Social Development, held 6-12 March 1995 in Copenhagen. Together, the... more

Kingma, K., & Sayers, V. (1995, May). Demobilization in the Horn of Africa: Proceedings of the IRG Workshop, Addis Ababa, 4-7 December 1994 (Brief series No. 4). Bonn: BICC.

BICC brief 4 “Demobilization in the Horn of Africa” is about a workshop on Demobilization and Reintegration in the Horn of Africa was organized by the International Resource Group on Disarmament and Security in the Horn of Africa (IRG), in cooperation with the Ad Hoc Committee for Peace and... more

Brzoska, M., Kingma, K., & Wulf, H. (1995, February). Demilitarization and Conversion (Paper series No. 1). Bonn: BICC.

With the reductions of global military expenditure in recent years and the end of the East–West arms race, major opportunities for conversion exists. Conversion is often looked at as a narrow problem of retooling arms factories for civilian production. In fact, the reduction in military activity... more