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Results: 46

Bayer, M., Alberth, R., Hauk, S., & Mutschler, M. (2021, August). Global Militarisation Index: Presentation, Codebook and reflexion (BICC Working Paper series No. 3/2021). Bonn: BICC.

Measuring militarisation is complex. Since 2003 and retrospectively up to 1990, BICC has been measuring militarisation worldwide with the Global Militarisation Index (GMI). The GMI’s approach is resource-based and measures the level of militarisation of a society by its allocation of... more

Mutschler, M., & Bales, M. (2020). Global Militarisation Index 2020. Bonn: BICC.

Every year, BICC’s Global Militarisation Index (GMI) presents the relative weight and importance of a country’s military apparatus in relation to its society as a whole. The GMI 2020 covers 151 states and is based on the latest available figures (in most cases data for 2019). The index project is... more

Mutschler, M., & Hauk, S. (2020, October). Five ways to make the European Peace Facility a role model for arms export control (BICC Policy Brief series No. 6/2020). Bonn: BICC.

Supporting security forces in third countries with training and/or military equipment is reasonable if it helps to strengthen a legitimised monopoly of force that improves peoples’ sense of security in their country. However, where the legitimacy of the security forces is in doubt, their human... more

Wisotzki, S., & Mutschler, M. (2020). Commentary \ The Libyan civil war: Shining a spotlight on a problematic arms export policy. Bonn: BICC.

The German government always emphasises its "restrictive arms export policy". However, the states in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA region) are among the biggest customers of German arms producers. In their comments, Max Mutschler (BICC) and Simone Wisotzki (HSFK) criticise in... more

Mutschler, M., & Bales, M. (2020). Global Militarisation Index 2019. Bonn: BICC.

Every year, BICC’s Global Militarisation Index (GMI) presents the relative weight and importance of a country's military apparatus in relation to its society as a whole. The GMI 2019 covers 154 states and is based on the latest available figures (in most cases data for 2018). The index project is... more

Mutschler, M., & Wisotzki, S. (2019). Kommentar: Sind die überarbeiteten Politischen Grundsätze der Bundesregierung für den Export von Kriegswaffen und sonstigen Rüstungsgütern tatsächlich „restriktiver“?. Bonn: BICC.

On 26 June 2019, the German cabinet updated the "Political Principles for the Export of War Weapons and Other Military Equipment".  Max Mutschler (BICC) and Simone Wisotzki (HSFK) welcome “some minor progress in German arms exports policy”. At the same time, the authors fear in their... more

Bales, M., & Mutschler, M. (2019, February). Einsatz deutscher Rüstungstechnik im Jemen - Für ein umfassendes Waffenembargo gegen die Kriegskoalition (BICC Policy Brief series No. 2/2019). Bonn: BICC.

The English version of this Policy Brief is a translation of the original German version that was published on 25 February 2019. The "Khashoggi moratorium" on arms exports to Saudi Arabia, imposed by the federal government in response to the murder of the journalist, ends on 9 March. In... more

Meininghaus, E., Mielke, K., & Mutschler, M. (Eds.). (2019, February). Stabilisation—For whom and to what ends? (BICC Knowledge Notes series No. 1/2019). Bonn: BICC.

‘Stabilisation’ is becoming increasingly important as a policy paradigm in international security and development policy. However, different approaches to stabilisation are discussed in academia, policy and practice. Often, there is a tension between short-term approaches to stabilisation that are... more

Mutschler, M. (2018). Rüstungsexportkontrolle durch den internationalen Waffenhandelsvertrag. S+F Sicherheit und Frieden, 36(3), 121-125.

Please find the article here. The Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) sets, for the first time ever, legally binding, international rules for arms transfers. However, due to several problems, in particular the lack of clarity of some of its central concepts, the ATT is far from a significant contribution to... more

Mutschler, M., & Bales, M. (2018, November). Global Militarization Index 2018. Bonn: BICC.

Compiled by BICC, the Global Militarization Index (GMI) presents on an annual basis the relative weight and importance of a country's military apparatus in relation to its society as a whole. The GMI 2018 covers 155 countries and is based on the latest available figures (in most cases data for... more

Mutschler, M., & Dickow, M. (2018). Taming cyber warfare: Lessons from preventive arms control. Journal of Cyber Policy, 3(1), 44-60.

Preventive arms control, narrowly defined, is about restrictions on weapons development. From this traditional understanding follows that cyber warfare will be hard, if not impossible, to regulate. In this article, we start from a less circumscribed definition of preventive arms control that would... more

Mutschler, M. (2017, December). Global Militarization Index 2017. Bonn: BICC.

Compiled by BICC, the Global Militarization Index (gmi) presents on an  annual basis the relative weight and importance of a country's military apparatus  in relation to its society as a whole. The GMI 2017 covers 151 states and is based on  the latest available figures (in most... more

Mutschler, M., & Bales, M. (2017, October). Begründungspflicht statt laissez faire – Empfehlungen an die neue Bundesregierung für eine Reform der deutschen Rüstungsexportpolitik (BICC Policy Brief series No. 7/2017). Bonn: BICC.

The grand coalition that had governed Germany until September 2017 had initiated some change, particularly as regards transparency, small arms and end-use control in German arms exports policy. In BICC Policy Brief 7/2017 “Obligation to state reasons instead of laissez-faire—Recommendations to the... more

Mutschler, M. (2017). Auf dem Weg zur flüchtigen Kriegführung? Flüchtige Moderne und Krieg im 21. Jahrhundert. In H. Ehrhart (Ed.), Krieg im 21. Jahrhundert. Konzepte, Akteure, Herausforderungen (pp. 56-70). Baden-Baden: Nomos.

War in the 21st century is more complex, volatile, society based and information intensive than ever before. One could simplify the description of waging war as different combinations of highly modern, traditional and asymmetric components, which, according to the postmodern maxim “anything goes”,... more

Mutschler, M. (2016, December). Global Militarization Index 2016. Bonn: BICC.

Compiled by BICC, the Global Militarization Index (gmi) presents on an annual basis the relative weight and importance of a country’s military apparatus in relation to its society as a whole. The GMI 2016 covers 152 states and is based on the latest available figures (in most cases data for 2015).... more

Bales, M., & Mutschler, M. (2016, October). After the first annual reports to the Arms Trade Treaty: How to overcome gaps and reporting deficits? (BICC Policy Brief series No. 4/2016). Bonn: BICC.

An analysis of the first round of annual reports reveals considerable gaps and reporting deficits; in particular with regard to the number of reports delivered on time, the concealment of information, missing transfers, the comparability and the level of detail in the reports. These deficits are in... more

Mutschler, M. (2016, February). On the road to liquid warfare? Revisiting Zygmunt Bauman's thoughts on liquid modernity in the context of the "new Western way of war" (BICC Working Paper series No. 3/2016). Bonn: BICC.

This Working Paper examines military interventions by precision strikes from a distance as a means to avoiding ground combat with own troops. A prominent strand of the literature argues that this is a particularly Western phenomenon; a consequence of the casualty aversion of democratic states and... more

Grebe, J., & Mutschler, M. (2015, November). Global Militarisation Index 2015. Bonn: BICC.

Compiled by BICC, the Global Militarisation Index (GMI) presents on an annual basis the relative weight and importance of a country's military apparatus in relation to its society as a whole. The 2015 GMI covers 152 states and is based on the latest available figures (in most cases data for 2014).... more

Grebe, J., & Mutschler, M. (2015, March). Transparent reporting for a successful arms trade treaty (BICC Policy Brief series No. 1/2015). Bonn: BICC.

The first Conference of States Parties to the International Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) will take place in Mexico City from 24 to 27 August 2015. Of central importance for the successful implementation of the ATT is the issue of reporting, which is closely related to the issue of transparency. In... more

Venet, C., & Mutschler, M. (2012). The European Union as an emerging actor in space security?. Space Pollicy, 28(2), 118-124.

With its draft Code of Conduct for Outer Space Activities, the European Union has become visible in the debate on space security. In this paper we analyze this development, drawing on theoretical concepts in the scholarly debate about the ‘actorness’ of the EU. We find that the EU can be considered... more