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Results: 34

Isikozlu, E., Rudolf, M., & Tufa, F. (2021). Supporting self-reliance for local integration: Eritrean refugees in Ethiopia (TRAFIG Practice Note No. 5) Bonn: BICC.

Many Eritrean refugees who live in camps in Ethiopia have no translocal or transnational connections. This means they have little opportunity to move onward from the camp and resettle elsewhere. However, many of them have strong connections with the host community, and even the most vulnerable... more

Isikozlu, E., Tufa, F., & Rudolf, M. (2021). Supporting self-reliance for local integration: Eritrean refugees in Ethiopia (TRAFIG Practice Note No. 5) Bonn: BICC.

Many Eritrean refugees who live in camps in Ethiopia have no translocal or transnational connections. This means they have little opportunity to move onward from the camp and resettle elsewhere. However, many of them have strong connections with the host community, and even the most vulnerable... more

Rudolf, M., & Serra Mingot, E. (2020, September). Making it work. AVRR programmes and Ghanaian returnees (BICC Policy Brief series No. 5/2020). Bonn: BICC.

External researchers have criticised existing self-monitoring measures of national and European AVRR programmes for neglecting reintegration and focusing on means to ensure that rejected asylum seekers and undocumented migrants leave the national territory, regardless of what happens next. This... more

Rudolf, M., Schetter, C., & Schmitz-Pranghe, C. (2020, April). "Leaving them behind" - Global trends in forced migration (BICC Policy Brief series No. 1/2020). Bonn: BICC.

In 2030, the envisaged year of the accomplishment of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), millions and millions of displaced people will still be living under precarious conditions. It is already clear that the SDGs’guiding principle “leaving no one behind” cannot be fulfilled; forced... more

Rudolf, M. (2020, March). Immobilisation, restricted spatial mobility and displacement in violent conflict (BICC Working Paper series No. 1/2020). Bonn: BICC.

Putting the humanitarian–development nexus into practice, aid organisations and donors pay most attention to camp populations in protracted refugee situations (PRS). In BICC Working Paper 1\2020 the author Markus Rudolf argues that synergies arise when development aid redefines and expands the area... more

Rudolf, M. (2019, October). Conceptualising crisis, refugees and IDPs: Insights from northern Iraq on vulnerabilities and needs caused by displacement (BICC Working Paper series No. 9/2019). Bonn: BICC.

This Working Paper assesses how humanitarian and development aid agencies address   individuals whose human rights and human dignity have been affected by displacement. It proposes a fresh look at how to measure needs that arise in such situations. To this end, the  Paper evaluates... more

Rudolf, M. (2019, September). Organised crime as a cause of forced displacement. Lessons learned from Latin America (BICC Policy Brief series No. 7/2019). Bonn: BICC.

In Colombia, the peace agreement of 2016 ended the armed fighting between the government and the guerilla group FARC (Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia). Nevertheless, some regions experienced an increase in organised crime and associated violent displacement after the agreement was... more

Rudolf, M. (2018, July). Rückkehr in ein friedliches Myanmar? Eine Illusion verabschiedet sich (BICC Policy Brief series No. 8/2018). Bonn: BICC.

For many people in Myanmar, forced recruitment, landmines and religious discrimination are causes of displacement and obstacles to return. In BICC Policy Brief 8 \ 2018, Markus Rudolf analyzes the current conflicts and formulates recommendations for handling forced displacement in Myanmar from the... more

Rudolf, M., & Schmitz-Pranghe, C. (2018, July). Beyond aid: The continuous struggle to cope with displacement in Myanmar and Thailand (BICC Working Paper series No. 1/2018). Bonn: BICC.

Multi-party elections and the signing of a Nationwide Ceasefire Agreement (NCA) in 2015 raised hopes in the international community of a possible settlement of Myanmar’s protracted conflict and one of the world’s worst protracted displacement situations (PDS) in the near future. Yet conflicts in... more

Rudolf, M. (2017, April). Wanted: Good governance—protection of minorities and human rights in northern Iraq (BICC Policy Brief series No. 2/2017). Bonn: BICC.

Dealing with the aftermath of the current situation in northern Iraq requires a mid-and a long-term strategy. The author of BICC Policy Brief 2 \ 2017 “Wanted: Good Governance—Protection of minorities and human rights in northern Iraq”, Markus Rudolf, stresses that both have to recognize... more

Rudolf, M. (2016). Casamance secession: National narratives of marginalization and integration. In C. Højbjerg, J. Knörr, & W. Murphy (Eds.), Politics and policies in Upper Guinea Coast societies: Change and continuity (pp. 187-202). New York: Palgrave Macmillan US.

This book examines the radical changes in social and political landscape of the Upper Guinea Coast region over the past 30 years as a result of civil wars, post-war interventions by international, humanitarian agencies and peacekeeping missions, as well as a regional public health crisis (Ebola... more

Bohnet, H., Mielke, K., Rudolf, M., Schetter, C., & Vollmer, R. (2015, December). Protected rather than protracted: Strengthening displaced persons in peace processes (BICC Working Paper series No. 3/2015). Bonn: BICC.

This Paper reviews the current state of the art on the return of displaced persons as a durable solution for long-term displacement situations. It outlines the impact, challenges and actors involved in the return process. The Paper shows that present understandings of return, protracted situations... more

Bohnet, H., & Rudolf, M. (2015, October). Voluntary return of refugees: Chances for peace and sustainable development? (BICC Policy Brief series No. 3/2015). Bonn: BICC.

By the end of 2014, 6.4 million refugees found themselves in protracted situations that have been in place for over five years, and numbers are rising. Could return be a solution to these protracted situations? In BICC Policy Brief 3\2015 Heidrun Bohnet and Markus Rudolf point out what issues... more