Results: 62

Acharya, N., Bayer, M., Breitung, C., Mutschler, M., & Wagner, K. (2022). Kleinwaffengrundsätze in einem Rüstungsexportkontrollgesetz verankern! Den kompletten Produktzyklus von Kleinwaffen von Produktion bis Vernichtung einbeziehen (BICC Policy Brief series No. 1/2022). Bonn: Bicc.

Germany is one of the world's largest producers and exporters of small arms and light weapons. In BICC Policy Brief 1\2022, BICC experts make recommendations to make the Federal Government's small arms policy more binding. In doing so, they take a look at the entire product cycle of small arms and... more

Neitzert, A., Döring, M., Röing, T., & von Boemcken, M. (2021). Präventionsarbeit gegen Radikalisierung in den Haftanstalten NRWs stärken. Kapazitäten erhöhen, Mandate erweitern, zivilgesellschaftliche Träger fördern (BICC Policy Brief series No. 5/2021). Bonn: BICC.

In the Policy Paper “Strengthening prevention work against radicalisation in NRW’s prisons. Increase capacities, expand mandates, promote civil society agencies” (BICC Policy Brief 5\2021), which is published alongside BICC Working Paper 5\2021 “Prisons as spaces to prevent radicalisation?” BICC... more

Döring, M., Neitzert, A., Röing, T., & von Boemcken, M. (2021, May). Abwarten ist keine Lösung! Für eine Kehrtwende im Umgang mit deutschen IS-Anhängerinnen und -Anhängern (BICC Policy Brief series No. 4/2021). Bonn: BICC.

The German government refuses to systematically repatriate German followers of IS who are incarcerated in northern Syria. It would not only be imperative for humanitarian reasons but would also be in Germany’s security polity interests. It is important to hold returnees accountable for their... more

Meininghaus, E., & Mielke, K. (2021, April). Meaningful political participation. Lessons learnt from UN mediation in Afghanistan and Syria (BICC Policy Brief series No. 3/2021). Bonn: BICC.

In this Policy Brief, the authors present lessons learnt and subsequent policy implications from an in-depth analysis of the UN peace processes on Afghanistan and Syria. The authors argue that in both processes, the ability of peace process participants who come from Afghanistan and Syria to... more

Mielke, K., & Meininghaus, E. (2021, March). Engaging refugees and migrants as peace advocates. How Germany can contribute to peace in Syria and Afghanistan (BICC Policy Brief series No. 2/2021). Bonn: BICC.

Today, Afghans and Syrians constitute the highest numbers of immigrants in Germany and Europe. In this Policy Brief, the authors argue that policy must recognise the significant potential of Afghan and Syrian refugees and migrants in Germany and beyond as peace advocates and change agents in... more

Schmitz-Pranghe, C., Oruč, N., Mielke, K., & Ibričević, A. (2020, December). Making sure that the emigration of health-care personnel from Albania and BiH works for all: What Germany can do (BICC Policy Brief series No. 8/2020). Bonn: BICC.

The labour market for healthcare workers is one of the largest occupational markets worldwide with a comparatively high scale of public investments in human capital. Despite the already tangible ‘care crisis’, Germany and other European countries train healthcare workers below their actual demand... more

Grawert, E., Mielke, K., Pleisnitzer, S., Markiewicz, S., Rifat, A., & Abdou, A. M. (2020). Reintegration in northern Iraq: The time is now for Europe to act (BICC Policy Brief series No. 7/2020). Bonn: BICC.

This Policy Brief, written in cooperation with Malteser International, is based on an assessment of the current living conditions in northern Iraq (in the understanding to include the Kurdistan Region of Iraq with the provinces of Erbil, Dohuk and Sulaymaniyah as well as the disputed territories... more

Mutschler, M., & Hauk, S. (2020, October). Five ways to make the European Peace Facility a role model for arms export control (BICC Policy Brief series No. 6/2020). Bonn: BICC.

Supporting security forces in third countries with training and/or military equipment is reasonable if it helps to strengthen a legitimised monopoly of force that improves peoples’ sense of security in their country. However, where the legitimacy of the security forces is in doubt, their human... more

Rudolf, M., & Serra Mingot, E. (2020, September). Making it work. AVRR programmes and Ghanaian returnees (BICC Policy Brief series No. 5/2020). Bonn: BICC.

External researchers have criticised existing self-monitoring measures of national and European AVRR programmes for neglecting reintegration and focusing on means to ensure that rejected asylum seekers and undocumented migrants leave the national territory, regardless of what happens next. This... more

Bales, M., & Schellhammer, L. (2020, July). Syrian war at the crossroads. Curbing arms flow, imposing a no-fly zone and opening al-Yarubiyah border crossing (BICC Policy Brief series No. 4/2020). Bonn: BICC.

The war in Syria, now in its tenth year, has resulted in more than 500,000 victims, 6.2 million internally displaced persons and 5.7 million refugees. 11.7 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance. To stop the humanitarian disaster and to address the pressing needs for civilian... more

Serra Mingot, E. (2020, July). Improving the social protection needs of asylum seekers and refugees. Learning from the experiences of displaced Sudanese in the Netherlands (BICC Policy Brief series No. 3/2020). Bonn: BICC.

This Policy Brief shows not only the contradictory manner in which Western governments have dealt with demands of control, low costs and humanitarian approaches but also the negative consequences this has for the asylum seekers and refugees, their families and the receiving state. Based on the... more

Döring, M., Neitzert, A., Röing, T., & von Boemcken, M. (2020, June). Prävention extremistischer Radikalisierung in NRW: Keine Vereinnahmung Sozialer Arbeit durch Sicherheitslogik! (BICC Policy Brief series No. 2/2020). Bonn: BICC.

The recommendations in this Policy Brief are based on the results of the research project "Prevention of Radicalisation in North Rhine-Westphalia - How can the capacities of intermediaries be strengthened? Between January and October 2019, the team of authors conducted semi-structured... more

Rudolf, M., Schetter, C., & Schmitz-Pranghe, C. (2020, April). "Leaving them behind" - Global trends in forced migration (BICC Policy Brief series No. 1/2020). Bonn: BICC.

In 2030, the envisaged year of the accomplishment of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), millions and millions of displaced people will still be living under precarious conditions. It is already clear that the SDGs’guiding principle “leaving no one behind” cannot be fulfilled; forced... more

Kehne, C. (2019, December). Taking the initiative: The European parliament and EU arms export controls (BICC Policy Brief series No. 10/2019). Bonn: BICC.

The Council and the member states seem to have no common vision for developing a restrictive EU arms export control system. Likewise, the Commission focusses mainly on competition and industrial policy. Against this background, the author Charlotte Kehne makes the following policy... more

Vollmer, R. (2019, October). Overcoming protracted displacement: Criteria for development programmes in protracted displacement (BICC Policy Brief series No. 9/2019). Bonn: BICC.

In BICC Policy Brief 9\2019 the author Ruth Vollmer gives the following recommendations: \ Make people’s agency the starting point of livelihood support The support provided to people in protracted displacement by development actors needs to be  based on a thorough understanding of their... more

Breitung, C. (2019, October). Why there is a need to reframe the discourse on armed groups in Mali: Requirements for successful disarmament, demobilisation and reintegration (BICC Policy Brief series No. 8/2019). Bonn: BICC.

In Policy Brief „Why there is a need to reframe the discourse on armed groups in Mali” the author Claudia Breitung addresses requirements for successful disarmament, demobilisation and reintegration in the country. In particular, she gives the following policy recommendations: \ Get agreement on... more

Rudolf, M. (2019, September). Organised crime as a cause of forced displacement. Lessons learned from Latin America (BICC Policy Brief series No. 7/2019). Bonn: BICC.

In Colombia, the peace agreement of 2016 ended the armed fighting between the government and the guerilla group FARC (Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia). Nevertheless, some regions experienced an increase in organised crime and associated violent displacement after the agreement was... more

Röing, T. (2019, July). On handling conflicts among refugees and migrant communities. Assuring equal treatment and enabling participation on equal terms (BICC Policy Brief series No. 6/2019). Bonn: BICC.

In BICC Policy Brief 6\2019 “On handling conflicts among refugees and migrant communities in NRW - Assuring equal treatment and enabling participation on equal terms”, the author Tim Röing gives the following recommendations: \ Address hostilities between refugees and people with a migration... more

Christ, S. (2019, March). The key to successful integration of refugees in Germany. Language skills, housing, work, social participation (BICC Policy Brief series No. 5/2019). Bonn: BICC.

In BICC Policy Brief 5\2019 "The key to successful integration of refugees in Germany. Language skills, housing, work, social participation", author Simone Christ understands integration as participation for all people that is as equitable as possible. Integration is a process of... more

Grawert, E. (2019, March). Post-war reintegration and reconciliation: Learning from Sierra Leone (BICC Policy Brief series No. 4/2019). Bonn: BICC.

During the eleven years of civil war in Sierra Leone, more than two million people—more than half of the population—were displaced and between 50,000 and 70,000 people were killed. In BICC Policy Brief 4\2019 the author Elke Grawert addresses post-war reintegration and reconciliation. The... more

Grawert, E. (2019, March). The EU–Jordan Compact – A model for burden-sharing in refugee crises? (BICC Policy Brief series No. 3/2019). Bonn: BICC.

The EU-Jordan Compact links support for the government of Jordan as the host country of more than 670,000 registered Syrian refugees (in 2018) with economic cooperation and trade liberalisation to satisfy the interests of the government of Jordan and the European Union (EU). Established in 2016,... more

Bales, M., & Mutschler, M. (2019, February). Einsatz deutscher Rüstungstechnik im Jemen - Für ein umfassendes Waffenembargo gegen die Kriegskoalition (BICC Policy Brief series No. 2/2019). Bonn: BICC.

The English version of this Policy Brief is a translation of the original German version that was published on 25 February 2019. The "Khashoggi moratorium" on arms exports to Saudi Arabia, imposed by the federal government in response to the murder of the journalist, ends on 9 March. In... more

Döring, M. (2019, January). Energy planning towards sustainability: Anchoring Tunisia’s energy transition to the local level (BICC Policy Brief series No. 1/2019). Bonn: BICC.

Tunisia faces three interconnected challenges: The first is overcoming its energy crisis and unsustainable fossil fuel dependency; the second is achieving economic growth to improve people’s livelihood, and the third is moving forward with political reforms. BICC’s Policy Brief “Energy planning... more

Meininghaus, E., & Mielke, K. (2018, October). Situated sustainability: A research programme for conflict-affected settings and beyond (BICC Policy Brief series No. 10/2018). Bonn: BICC.

In BICC Policy Brief 10\2018 the authors Esther Meininghaus and Katja Mielke introduce the concept of situated sustainability: Situated sustainability comprises local practices, understandings and imaginations of resource use across and within significantly different contexts (spatial and other)... more

Schmitz-Pranghe, C. (2018, August). Schutz, Versöhnung und Zugang zu Rechten für Geflüchtete in Ecuador (BICC Policy Brief series No. 9/2018). Bonn: BICC.

The protracted situation of those that are internally displaced in and that have fled from Columbia as well as the exodus of large parts of the Venezuelan population pose enormous humanitarian as well as political challenges to the region, and particularly Ecuador as one of the major recipient... more

Rudolf, M. (2018, July). Rückkehr in ein friedliches Myanmar? Eine Illusion verabschiedet sich (BICC Policy Brief series No. 8/2018). Bonn: BICC.

For many people in Myanmar, forced recruitment, landmines and religious discrimination are causes of displacement and obstacles to return. In BICC Policy Brief 8 \ 2018, Markus Rudolf analyzes the current conflicts and formulates recommendations for handling forced displacement in Myanmar from the... more

Feneberg, V., & Olivier-Mensah, C. (2018, June). Gute Rückkehrpolitik braucht gute Rückkehrberatung (BICC Policy Brief series No. 7/2018). Bonn: BICC.

BICC Policy Brief 7\2018 „Gute Rückkehrpolitik braucht gute Rückkehrberatung. Empfehlungen zu ihrer Gestaltung“ (in German language) describes the complex, state-specific services regarding return advice. On the one hand, there is the non-statutory welfare sector that has developed professional,... more

Far, S. (2018, May). Renewable energy: A key to enhancing the societal dimension of energy transition in Morocco (BICC Policy Brief series No. 6/2018). Bonn: BICC.

Morocco’s energy challenges lie at the intersection of the country’s development and climate challenges. In BICC Policy Brief 6\2018 “Renewable Energy: A Key to Enhancing the Societal Dimension of Energy Transition in Morocco” Shahrazad Far gives recommendations for future cooperation. Based on... more

Grawert, E., & Mielke, K. (2018, May). Exodus aus Afghanistan: Wie Deutschland Selbsthilfe und Eigeninitiativen unterstützen kann (BICC Policy Brief series No. 5/2018). Bonn: BICC.

In BICC Policy Brief 5\2018 the authors Katja Mielke and Elke Grawert discuss how Germany can support the agency of Afghans in protracted displacement. Based on their field research, they in particular recommend: \ Take the initiative for Afghanistan in the Global Compact for Migration: For... more

Schlüsing, C., & Mielke, K. (2018, May). Deutsches Engagement im Irak: Wie weniger mehr sein kann (BICC Policy Brief series No. 4/2018). Bonn: BICC.

The political situation in Iraq is highly dynamic. After the military defeat of the so-called Islamic State (IS) as a shared effort by the Global Coalition against Daesh in late 2017, parliamentary elections on 12 May 2018 are a chance for overhauling political agendas. With explicit policy... more

Grawert, E. (2018, April). Towards conflict-sensitive employment in large-scale infrastructure projects in fragile and conflict-affected settings: Recommendations for donor agencies (BICC Policy Brief series No. 3/2018). Bonn: BICC.

In BICC's recent Policy Brief “Towards conflict-sensitive employment in large-scale infrastructure projects in fragile and conflict-affected settings”, Elke Grawert, based on intensive discussions with owners, managers of construction and transport companies as well as employees and workers,... more

Meininghaus, E. (2018, February). War in Syria: UN peacekeeping mission and deal with Russia are imperative (BICC Policy Brief series No. 2/2018). Bonn: BICC.

In BICC's recent Policy Brief "War in Syria: UN peacekeeping mission and deal with Russia are imperative", Esther Meininghaus analyses key trends in the Syrian war and stresses the imperative of a UN peace mission as part of a Grand Bargain with Russia. The author outlines the ... more

Dick, E., Schraven, B., Koch, A., & Etzold, B. (2018, January). Regional migration governance: Contributions to a sustainable international migration architecture (BICC Policy Brief series No. 1/2018). Bonn: BICC.

At the UN Summit for Refugees and Migrants in  September 2016, it was agreed to develop two new global agreements: The Global Compact for Safe, Orderly  and Regular Migration and the Global Compact on  Refugees, to be adopted in late 2018. It is expected  that both ... more

Schlüsing, C., & Mielke, K. (2017, October). Drohende Gewalteskalation nach dem Referendum: Wie kann deutsche Einflussnahme in Kurdistan-Irak deeskalierend wirken? (BICC Policy Brief series No. 8/2017). Bonn: BICC.

In Policy Brief 8/2017 "After the referendum: How can Germany contribute to de-escalation in Kurdistan–Iraq?, the authors Carina Schlüsing and Katja Mielke outline the following recommendations: \ Review Germany's support mission to the Peshmerga in Iraq  In view of a possible... more

Mutschler, M., & Bales, M. (2017, October). Begründungspflicht statt laissez faire – Empfehlungen an die neue Bundesregierung für eine Reform der deutschen Rüstungsexportpolitik (BICC Policy Brief series No. 7/2017). Bonn: BICC.

The grand coalition that had governed Germany until September 2017 had initiated some change, particularly as regards transparency, small arms and end-use control in German arms exports policy. In BICC Policy Brief 7/2017 “Obligation to state reasons instead of laissez-faire—Recommendations to the... more

Mielke, K., & Miszak, N. (2017, September). Jihadi-Salafism in Afghanistan—Beyond Taliban, Al-Qaeda and Daesh: Options for German foreign and development policy (BICC Policy Brief series No. 6/2017). Bonn: BICC.

Since July 2017, the declared liberation of Mosul, Iraq, and the expected fall of Raqqa, Syria, has brought the debate about the survival of so-called Islamic State (Daesh) to the forefront. BICC policy Brief “Jihadi-Salafism in Afghanistan—Beyond Taliban, Al-Qaeda and Daesh” discusses options for... more

Breitung, C. (2017, September). South Sudan’s stalled peace process—security arrangements in need of adjustment (BICC Policy Brief series No. 5/2017). Bonn: BICC.

According to the largely stalled Agreement on the Resolution of Conflict in South Sudan (ARCSS) of 2015, a key component of the transitional security arrangement is the establishment of cantonment sites where fighters assemble to await disarmament, demobilization or force integration. The... more

Bohnet, H. (2017, June). Going beyond temporary measures (BICC Policy Brief series No. 4/2017). Bonn: BICC.

Despite recent peace talks in Geneva in February and March, the conflict in Syria shows no signs of ending soon. Consequently, the refugees’ chances of finding durable solutions remain slim and most Syrian refugees can only try to build a livelihood within Turkey. This Policy Brief by Heidrun... more

Christ, S., Meininghaus, E., & Röing, T. (2017, June). Konfliktprävention in Unterkünften – Selbstverantwortung geflüchteter Menschen stärken (BICC Policy Brief series No. 3/2017). Bonn: BICC.

This Policy Brief presents recommendations on conflict prevention in German refugee shelters, in which all refugees are obliged to live until their applications for asylum have been processed. This study aims to contribute to prevent, minimise or resolve conflict at the level of shelters run by the... more

Rudolf, M. (2017, April). Wanted: Good governance—protection of minorities and human rights in northern Iraq (BICC Policy Brief series No. 2/2017). Bonn: BICC.

Dealing with the aftermath of the current situation in northern Iraq requires a mid-and a long-term strategy. The author of BICC Policy Brief 2 \ 2017 “Wanted: Good Governance—Protection of minorities and human rights in northern Iraq”, Markus Rudolf, stresses that both have to recognize... more

Meininghaus, E., & Heinemann-Grüder, A. (2017, February). Safe zones for Syria: Mitigating the humanitarian crisis (BICC Policy Brief series No. 1/2017). Bonn: BICC.

The upcoming Syria negotiations in Geneva on 20 February 2017 may prove fundamental in deciding on the future of the country. In their Policy Brief “Safe zones for Syria. Mitigating the Humanitarian Crisis”, BICC researchers Esther Meininghaus and Andreas Heinemann-Grüder discuss the question... more

Bales, M., & Mutschler, M. (2016, October). After the first annual reports to the Arms Trade Treaty: How to overcome gaps and reporting deficits? (BICC Policy Brief series No. 4/2016). Bonn: BICC.

An analysis of the first round of annual reports reveals considerable gaps and reporting deficits; in particular with regard to the number of reports delivered on time, the concealment of information, missing transfers, the comparability and the level of detail in the reports. These deficits are in... more

Acharya, N., & Mühlen-Schulte, A. (2016, June). The final round: Combating armed actors, organized crime and wildlife trafficking (BICC Policy Brief series No. 3/2016). Bonn: BICC.

This policy brief aims to equip SALW policymakers and practitioners with an understanding of how increased wide-scale wildlife trafficking is directly linked to the involvement of organized crime, heavily armed state and non-state actors and the proliferation of small arms, light weapons and... more

Bohnet, H. (2016, May). Return to violent conflict? Challenges of sustainable return of refugees and internally displaced persons to and within South Sudan (BICC Policy Brief series No. 2/2016). Bonn: BICC.

The case of South Sudan shows that peace on paper does not necessarily mean peace on the ground. Many displaced persons are sceptical of the peace process and the commitment of their leaders, in particular as nothing has changed since the beginning of the conflict. Nevertheless, over ten thousand... more

Mielke, K., & Grawert, E. (2016, February). Why Afghanistan is no safe country of origin (BICC Policy Brief series No. 1/2016). Bonn: BICC.

Based on their field research, the authors Katja Mielke and Elke Grawert reason in policy brief 1/2016 why Afghanistan is no safe country of return. They give policy recommendations that take into account the complex insecurity situation in which the Afghan population finds itself after the decline... more

Bohnet, H., & Rudolf, M. (2015, October). Voluntary return of refugees: Chances for peace and sustainable development? (BICC Policy Brief series No. 3/2015). Bonn: BICC.

By the end of 2014, 6.4 million refugees found themselves in protracted situations that have been in place for over five years, and numbers are rising. Could return be a solution to these protracted situations? In BICC Policy Brief 3\2015 Heidrun Bohnet and Markus Rudolf point out what issues... more

Müller-Koné, M., & Guesnet, L. (2015, April). How to enforce due diligence? Making EU-legislation on ‘Conflict Minerals’ effective (BICC Policy Brief series No. 2/2015). Bonn: BICC.

In the weeks and months ahead, the European parliament has a decisive role in reaching meaningful European legislation on the responsible sourcing of minerals from conflict regions. In mid- May 2015, it is due to vote on an EU regulation drafted by the European Commission. In BICC Policy Brief... more

Grebe, J., & Mutschler, M. (2015, March). Transparent reporting for a successful arms trade treaty (BICC Policy Brief series No. 1/2015). Bonn: BICC.

The first Conference of States Parties to the International Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) will take place in Mexico City from 24 to 27 August 2015. Of central importance for the successful implementation of the ATT is the issue of reporting, which is closely related to the issue of transparency. In... more

Grebe, J. (2014, June). Courage to change or continuation of structural deficits? German arms exports and parliamentary control (BICC Focus series No. 13). Bonn: BICC.

In Focus 13, BICC researcher Jan Grebe analyzes the changes in the reporting on German arms exports foreseen in the coalition agreement and the key issue paper of the governing parties. His conclusion is critical: All changes in arms exports control will have to be judged against whether they... more

Ebertz, U., & Müller-Koné, M. (2013, June). Legacy of a resource-fueled war: The role of generals in Angola’s mining sector (BICC Focus series No. 12). Bonn: BICC.

After a sketch of the current need for reform in the Kimberley Process for rough diamonds, BICC Focus 12 “Legacy of a resource-fueled war: The role of generals in Angola’s mining sector” scrutinizes the role that generals of the Angolan state armed forces FAA play in Angola’s mining... more

von Boemcken, M. (2012, September). Dealing with private security companies. Options for development cooperation in Timor-Leste, Liberia and Peru (BICC Focus series No. 11). Bonn: BICC.

How should development actors deal with private security companies? This BICC publication summarizes the main findings from field research led by Marc von Boemcken on private security companies in three developing countries: Timor-Leste, Liberia and Peru. Each summary focuses on the specific... more

Sommer, J. (2011, November). Atomkonflikt Iran: Diplomatische Lösung noch immer möglich?! (BICC Focus series No. 10). Bonn: BICC.

Again, Israeli government politicians and hawks in the United States are talking about military strikes against Iran and its nuclear program. Again, the United Nations and the European Union are preparing and imposing sanctions against Iran. The violent attack of Iranian students on the British... more

Grebe, J., & Sommer, J. (2010, August). Greece: High military expenditures despite the financial crisis (BICC Focus series No. 9). Bonn: BICC.

Greece’s national bankruptcy could only be averted with the aid of considerable loans from the European Union and the International Monetary Fund (IMF). The government’s high military spending and extensive arms purchases in recent years have contributed to the country’s desolate financial... more

Heinke, S. (Ed.). (2008, May). Conflict diamonds and peace process in Côte d’Ivoire (BICC Focus series No. 8). Bonn: BICC.

Côte d’Ivoire is the only country, which is currently under embargo by the United Nations for the export of conflict diamonds since December 2005. The conflict and years of ‘no war, no peace’ have been profitable for both the military and the Forces Nouvelles (FN) rebels, thereby paralyzing the... more

Croll, P., Paes, W.-C., & Lebzien, A. (2008, April). Yellow Imperialism’ or ‘successful wealth creation formula’?: How the trade in natural resources is changing Chinese-African relations (BICC Focus series No. 7). Bonn: BICC.

Frustrated by complex donor policies and the high overhead costs of multilateral development projects, many African governments appreciated the alternative presented by the Chinese government in an increasingly multi-polar world.However, a sober analysis of China’s role in Africa indicates that... more

Radecke, H. (2007, October). Wie ein Phönix aus der Asche? Der Stand der Friedenskonsolidierung in Sierra Leone nach den Wahlen (BICC Focus series No. 6). Bonn: BICC.

For the second time since the official end of the bloody civil war in 2002, the citizens of Sierra Leone were called up to cast their ballots in parliamentary and Presidential elections on 11 August 2007. The elections are a litmus test for the stability of the post-war order in Sierra Leone, which... more

Niepagenkemper, E. (2007, May). Zwischen Förderung von Stabilität, Menschenrechten und langfristigen Wirtschaftsinteressen: Wo steht die Zentralasienstrategie der EU? (BICC Focus series No. 5). Bonn: BICC.

In the first half of 2007, the Federal Republic of Germany not only has the presidency of the G8 but also of the European Council. One of the items on the agenda for the Presidency of the Council is to elaborate a strategy for Central Asia. Besides the improvement of the relations between the... more

Sommer, J. (2007, April). A way out of the impasse: Time for a new strategy on Iran’s nuclear program (BICC Focus series No. 4). Bonn: BICC.

While in February 2007 a promising agreement was reached for the North Korean nuclear program after the United States changed its negotiating strategy, there have been no signs of any such easing of tension as far as Iran is concerned. The UN Security Council has imposed sanctions because Iran has... more

Beeck, C. (2006, December). Following the election of the Governor in Aceh: Former war-torn province on its way to peace consolidation and stability (BICC Focus series No. 3). Bonn: BICC.

The elections on 11 December 2006, at which the people of Aceh were able to directly elect their governor for the first time, can be regarded as the climax of the peace process in Indonesia to date; a process which began with the signing of the Helsinki Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) in August... more

Radecke, H., & Paes, W.-C. (2006, September). Zwischen Ignoranz, Delegation und dem Ruf nach militärischem Aktionismus: Die internationale Staatengemeinschaft und der Konflikt in Darfur (BICC Focus series No. 2). Bonn: BICC.

The deployment of the African Union Mission in Sudan (AMIS) in Darfur has been stylized on several occasions as a test case for the new African security architecture. However, before the failure of the Mission is attested, this BICC Focus will investigate the background and operating conditions of... more

von Boemcken, M., & Sommer, J. (2006, May). Der Streit um das iranische Atomprogramm: Auf der Suche nach dem „kreativen Kompromiss“. Zum aktuellen Angebotspaket und den Erfolgsaussichten von Sanktionen (BICC Focus series No. 1). Bonn: BICC.

Iran is under the suspicion of wanting to manufacture nuclear weapons under the guise of a civilian nuclear program. So far, there is no clear proof of an active Iranian nuclear weapons program, and Iran is adamant in denying that it wants nuclear weapons. The current uranium enrichment... more