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Results: 28

Schlüsing, C., & Mielke, K. (2017, October). Drohende Gewalteskalation nach dem Referendum: Wie kann deutsche Einflussnahme in Kurdistan-Irak deeskalierend wirken? (BICC Policy Brief series No. 8/2017). Bonn: BICC.

In Policy Brief 8/2017 "After the referendum: How can Germany contribute to de-escalation in Kurdistan–Iraq?, the authors Carina Schlüsing and Katja Mielke outline the following recommendations: \ Review Germany's support mission to the Peshmerga in Iraq  In view of a possible... more

Mutschler, M. M., & Bales, M. (2017, October). Begründungspflicht statt laissez faire – Empfehlungen an die neue Bundesregierung für eine Reform der deutschen Rüstungsexportpolitik (BICC Policy Brief series No. 7/2017). Bonn: BICC.

The grand coalition that had governed Germany until September 2017 had initiated some change, particularly as regards transparency, small arms and end-use control in German arms exports policy. In BICC Policy Brief 7/2017 “Obligation to state reasons instead of laissez-faire—Recommendations to the... more

Mielke, K., & Miszak, N. (2017, September). Jihadi-Salafism in Afghanistan—Beyond Taliban, Al-Qaeda and Daesh: Options for German foreign and development policy (BICC Policy Brief series No. 6/2017). Bonn: BICC.

Since July 2017, the declared liberation of Mosul, Iraq, and the expected fall of Raqqa, Syria, has brought the debate about the survival of so-called Islamic State (Daesh) to the forefront. BICC policy Brief “Jihadi-Salafism in Afghanistan—Beyond Taliban, Al-Qaeda and Daesh” discusses options for... more

Breitung, C. (2017, September). South Sudan’s stalled Peace Process—Security arrangements in need of adjustment (BICC Policy Brief series No. 5/2017). Bonn: BICC.

According to the largely stalled Agreement on the Resolution of Conflict in South Sudan (ARCSS) of 2015, a key component of the transitional security arrangement is the establishment of cantonment sites where fighters assemble to await disarmament, demobilization or force integration. The... more

Bohnet, H. (2017, June). Going Beyond Temporary Measures (BICC Policy Brief series No. 4/2017). Bonn: BICC.

Despite recent peace talks in Geneva in February and March, the conflict in Syria shows no signs of ending soon. Consequently, the refugees’ chances of finding durable solutions remain slim and most Syrian refugees can only try to build a livelihood within Turkey. This Policy Brief by Heidrun... more

Christ, S., Meininghaus, E., & Röing, T. (2017, June). Konfliktprävention in Unterkünften – Selbstverantwortung geflüchteter Menschen stärken (BICC Policy Brief series No. 3/2017). Bonn: BICC.

This Policy Brief presents recommendations on conflict prevention in German refugee shelters, in which all refugees are obliged to live until their applications for asylum have been processed. This study aims to contribute to prevent, minimise or resolve conflict at the level of shelters run by the... more

Rudolf, M. (2017, April). Wanted: Good Governance—Protection of minorities and human rights in northern Iraq (BICC Policy Brief series No. 2/2017). Bonn: BICC.

Dealing with the aftermath of the current situation in northern Iraq requires a mid-and a long-term strategy. The author of BICC Policy Brief 2 \ 2017 “Wanted: Good Governance—Protection of minorities and human rights in northern Iraq”, Markus Rudolf, stresses that both have to recognize... more

Meininghaus, E., & Heinemann-Grüder, A. (2017, February). Safe zones for Syria: Mitigating the Humanitarian Crisis (BICC Policy Brief series No. 1/2017). Bonn: BICC.

The upcoming Syria negotiations in Geneva on 20 February 2017 may prove fundamental in deciding on the future of the country. In their Policy Brief “Safe zones for Syria. Mitigating the Humanitarian Crisis”, BICC researchers Esther Meininghaus and Andreas Heinemann-Grüder discuss the question... more

Bales, M., & Mutschler, M. M. (2016, October). After the First Annual Reports to the Arms Trade Treaty: How to Overcome Gaps and Reporting Deficits? (BICC Policy Brief series No. 4/2016). Bonn: BICC.

An analysis of the first round of annual reports reveals considerable gaps and reporting deficits; in particular with regard to the number of reports delivered on time, the concealment of information, missing transfers, the comparability and the level of detail in the reports. These deficits are in... more

Acharya, N., & Mühlen-Schulte, A. (2016, June). The Final Round: Combating Armed Actors, Organized Crime and Wildlife Trafficking (BICC Policy Brief series No. 3/2016). Bonn: BICC.

This policy brief aims to equip SALW policymakers and practitioners with an understanding of how increased wide-scale wildlife trafficking is directly linked to the involvement of organized crime, heavily armed state and non-state actors and the proliferation of small arms, light weapons and... more

Bohnet, H. (2016, May). Return To Violent Conflict? Challenges of Sustainable Return of Refugees and Internally Displaced Persons to and within South Sudan (BICC Policy Brief series No. 2/2016). Bonn: BICC.

The case of South Sudan shows that peace on paper does not necessarily mean peace on the ground. Many displaced persons are sceptical of the peace process and the commitment of their leaders, in particular as nothing has changed since the beginning of the conflict. Nevertheless, over ten thousand... more

Mielke, K., & Grawert, E. (2016, February). Why Afghanistan is No Safe Country of Origin (BICC Policy Brief series No. 1/2016). Bonn: BICC.

Based on their field research, the authors Katja Mielke and Elke Grawert reason in policy brief 1/2016 why Afghanistan is no safe country of return. They give policy recommendations that take into account the complex insecurity situation in which the Afghan population finds itself after the decline... more

Bohnet, H., & Rudolf, M. (2015, October). Voluntary Return of Refugees: Chances for Peace and Sustainable Development? (BICC Policy Brief series No. 3/2015). Bonn: BICC.

By the end of 2014, 6.4 million refugees found themselves in protracted situations that have been in place for over five years, and numbers are rising. Could return be a solution to these protracted situations? In BICC Policy Brief 3\2015 Heidrun Bohnet and Markus Rudolf point out what issues... more

Müller-Koné, M., & Guesnet, L. (2015, April). How to Enforce Due Diligence? Making EU-legislation on ‘Conflict Minerals’ Effective (BICC Policy Brief series No. 2/2015). Bonn: BICC.

In the weeks and months ahead, the European parliament has a decisive role in reaching meaningful European legislation on the responsible sourcing of minerals from conflict regions. In mid- May 2015, it is due to vote on an EU regulation drafted by the European Commission. In BICC Policy Brief... more

Grebe, J., & Mutschler, M. M. (2015, March). Transparent Reporting for a Successful Arms Trade Treaty (BICC Policy Brief series No. 1/2015). Bonn: BICC.

The first Conference of States Parties to the International Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) will take place in Mexico City from 24 to 27 August 2015. Of central importance for the successful implementation of the ATT is the issue of reporting, which is closely related to the issue of transparency. In... more

Grebe, J. (2014, June). Courage to change or continuation of structural deficits? German arms exports and parliamentary control (BICC Focus series No. 13). Bonn: BICC.

In Focus 13, BICC researcher Jan Grebe analyzes the changes in the reporting on German arms exports foreseen in the coalition agreement and the key issue paper of the governing parties. His conclusion is critical: All changes in arms exports control will have to be judged against whether they... more

Ebertz, U., & Müller-Koné, M. (2013, June). Legacy of a resource-fueled war: The role of generals in Angola’s mining sector (BICC Focus series No. 12). Bonn: BICC.

After a sketch of the current need for reform in the Kimberley Process for rough diamonds, BICC Focus 12 “Legacy of a resource-fueled war: The role of generals in Angola’s mining sector” scrutinizes the role that generals of the Angolan state armed forces FAA play in Angola’s mining... more

von Boemcken, M. (2012, September). Dealing with Private Security Companies. Options for Development Cooperation in Timor-Leste, Liberia and Peru (BICC Focus series No. 11). Bonn: BICC.

How should development actors deal with private security companies? This BICC publication summarizes the main findings from field research led by Marc von Boemcken on private security companies in three developing countries: Timor-Leste, Liberia and Peru. Each summary focuses on the specific... more

Sommer, J. (2011, November). Atomkonflikt Iran: Diplomatische Lösung noch immer möglich?! (BICC Focus series No. 10). Bonn: BICC.

Again, Israeli government politicians and hawks in the United States are talking about military strikes against Iran and its nuclear program. Again, the United Nations and the European Union are preparing and imposing sanctions against Iran. The violent attack of Iranian students on the British... more

Grebe, J., & Sommer, J. (2010, August). Greece: High military expenditures despite the financial crisis (BICC Focus series No. 9). Bonn: BICC.

Greece’s national bankruptcy could only be averted with the aid of considerable loans from the European Union and the International Monetary Fund (IMF). The government’s high military spending and extensive arms purchases in recent years have contributed to the country’s desolate financial... more

Heinke, S. (Ed.). (2008, May). Conflict diamonds and peace process in Côte d’Ivoire (BICC Focus series No. 8). Bonn: BICC.

Côte d’Ivoire is the only country, which is currently under embargo by the United Nations for the export of conflict diamonds since December 2005. The conflict and years of ‘no war, no peace’ have been profitable for both the military and the Forces Nouvelles (FN) rebels, thereby paralyzing the... more

Croll, P., Paes, W.-C., & Lebzien, A. (2008, April). Yellow Imperialism’ or ‘successful wealth creation formula’?: How the trade in natural resources is changing Chinese-African relations (BICC Focus series No. 7). Bonn: BICC.

Frustrated by complex donor policies and the high overhead costs of multilateral development projects, many African governments appreciated the alternative presented by the Chinese government in an increasingly multi-polar world.However, a sober analysis of China’s role in Africa indicates that... more

Radecke, H. (2007, October). Wie ein Phönix aus der Asche? Der Stand der Friedenskonsolidierung in Sierra Leone nach den Wahlen (BICC Focus series No. 6). Bonn: BICC.

For the second time since the official end of the bloody civil war in 2002, the citizens of Sierra Leone were called up to cast their ballots in parliamentary and Presidential elections on 11 August 2007. The elections are a litmus test for the stability of the post-war order in Sierra Leone, which... more

Niepagenkemper, E. (2007, May). Zwischen Förderung von Stabilität, Menschenrechten und langfristigen Wirtschaftsinteressen: Wo steht die Zentralasienstrategie der EU? (BICC Focus series No. 5). Bonn: BICC.

In the first half of 2007, the Federal Republic of Germany not only has the presidency of the G8 but also of the European Council. One of the items on the agenda for the Presidency of the Council is to elaborate a strategy for Central Asia. Besides the improvement of the relations between the... more

Sommer, J. (2007, April). A Way Out of the Impasse: Time for a new strategy on Iran’s nuclear program (BICC Focus series No. 4). Bonn: BICC.

While in February 2007 a promising agreement was reached for the North Korean nuclear program after the United States changed its negotiating strategy, there have been no signs of any such easing of tension as far as Iran is concerned. The UN Security Council has imposed sanctions because Iran has... more

Beeck, C. (2006, December). Following the election of the Governor in Aceh: Former war-torn province on its way to peace consolidation and stability (BICC Focus series No. 3). Bonn: BICC.

The elections on 11 December 2006, at which the people of Aceh were able to directly elect their governor for the first time, can be regarded as the climax of the peace process in Indonesia to date; a process which began with the signing of the Helsinki Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) in August... more

Radecke, H., & Paes, W.-C. (2006, September). Zwischen Ignoranz, Delegation und dem Ruf nach militärischem Aktionismus: Die internationale Staatengemeinschaft und der Konflikt in Darfur (BICC Focus series No. 2). Bonn: BICC.

The deployment of the African Union Mission in Sudan (AMIS) in Darfur has been stylized on several occasions as a test case for the new African security architecture. However, before the failure of the Mission is attested, this BICC Focus will investigate the background and operating conditions of... more

von Boemcken, M., & Sommer, J. (2006, May). Der Streit um das iranische Atomprogramm: Auf der Suche nach dem „kreativen Kompromiss“. Zum aktuellen Angebotspaket und den Erfolgsaussichten von Sanktionen (BICC Focus series No. 1). Bonn: BICC.

Iran is under the suspicion of wanting to manufacture nuclear weapons under the guise of a civilian nuclear program. So far, there is no clear proof of an active Iranian nuclear weapons program, and Iran is adamant in denying that it wants nuclear weapons. The current uranium enrichment... more