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Armament and arms control

Results: 188

Mutschler, M. M. (2017, December). Global Militarization Index 2017. Bonn: BICC.

Compiled by BICC, the Global Militarization Index (gmi) presents on an  annual basis the relative weight and importance of a country's military apparatus  in relation to its society as a whole. The GMI 2017 covers 151 states and is based on  the latest available figures (in most... more

Isikozlu, E., Krötz, M., & Trancart, C. (2017). Crossing the Fence: Challenges of Operationalizing PSSM. Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction, 21(3), Article 6.

Physical security and stockpile management (PSSM) can be broadly defined as a series of activities that make national stockpiles of weapons and ammunition safe and secure. Over the last decade, PSSM has become a highly requested form of intervention to curb the illicit flow of small arms and light... more

Acharya, N., & Krötz, M. (2017). Training Report: Physical Security and Stockpile Management (PSSM) Orientation Course Khartoum, Sudan: BICC.

The Training Report documents the PSSM seminar on weapons management in Khartoum from 24 to 28 September 2017, organized by RECSA, SARCOM, BICC and German Cooperation. more

Heinke, S. (Ed.). (2017). Annual Report 2017. Bonn: BICC.

Civil wars, such as in Syria/ Iraq, Afghanistan, South Sudan or in Donbass persist, as does forced migration as an effect of violent conflicts around the world. Researchers of the peace and conflict research institute BICC (Bonn International Center for Conversion) conduct empirical research and... more

Mutschler, M. M., & Bales, M. (2017, October). Begründungspflicht statt laissez faire – Empfehlungen an die neue Bundesregierung für eine Reform der deutschen Rüstungsexportpolitik (BICC Policy Brief series No. 7/2017). Bonn: BICC.

The grand coalition that had governed Germany until September 2017 had initiated some change, particularly as regards transparency, small arms and end-use control in German arms exports policy. In BICC Policy Brief 7/2017 “Obligation to state reasons instead of laissez-faire—Recommendations to the... more

von Boemcken, M. (2017, July). Defence conversion: Dead duck or still a relevant object of study? (BICC Working Paper series No. 7/2017). Bonn: BICC.

In Working Paper 7\2017, the author Marc von Boemcken analyzes the evolution of Conversion Studies from the Cold War to the post-Cold War period and discusses some of the reasons for the demise of the discipline in the new millennium. Based on a consideration of the strengths and weaknesses of... more

Mutschler, M. M. (2017). Auf dem Weg zur flüchtigen Kriegführung? Flüchtige Moderne und Krieg im 21. Jahrhundert. In H. Ehrhart (Ed.), Krieg im 21. Jahrhundert. Konzepte, Akteure, Herausforderungen (pp. 56-70). Baden-Baden: Nomos.

War in the 21st century is more complex, volatile, society based and information intensive than ever before. One could simplify the description of waging war as different combinations of highly modern, traditional and asymmetric components, which, according to the postmodern maxim “anything goes”,... more

Mutschler, M. M. (2016, December). Global Militarization Index 2016. Bonn: BICC.

Compiled by BICC, the Global Militarization Index (gmi) presents on an annual basis the relative weight and importance of a country’s military apparatus in relation to its society as a whole. The GMI 2016 covers 152 states and is based on the latest available figures (in most cases data for 2015).... more

Acharya, N., Grumel, O., & Vranckx, A. (2016, November). Safety First (BICC Knowledge Notes series No. 2/2016). Bonn: BICC.

This Knowledge Note provides an insight into current realities, behaviour and practices in arms and ammunition storage sites in north-western DR Congo. Tailored recommendations for strengthening ammunition and weapons safety by improving physical security measures and renovating infrastructural... more

Bales, M., & Mutschler, M. M. (2016, October). After the First Annual Reports to the Arms Trade Treaty: How to Overcome Gaps and Reporting Deficits? (BICC Policy Brief series No. 4/2016). Bonn: BICC.

An analysis of the first round of annual reports reveals considerable gaps and reporting deficits; in particular with regard to the number of reports delivered on time, the concealment of information, missing transfers, the comparability and the level of detail in the reports. These deficits are in... more

Isikozlu, E., & Heinke, S. (Eds.). (2016, June). Networks of Organised Violence (BICC Knowledge Notes series No. 1/2016). Bonn: BICC.

On 28 October 2015, BICC hosted its annual international conference entitled “Networks of Organised Violence”. The topic of the conference was chosen because of a perceived shift from the primacy of the state to the importance of networks in perpetrating organised violence. Its aim was to view... more

Acharya, N., & Mühlen-Schulte, A. (2016, June). The Final Round: Combating Armed Actors, Organized Crime and Wildlife Trafficking (BICC Policy Brief series No. 3/2016). Bonn: BICC.

This policy brief aims to equip SALW policymakers and practitioners with an understanding of how increased wide-scale wildlife trafficking is directly linked to the involvement of organized crime, heavily armed state and non-state actors and the proliferation of small arms, light weapons and... more

Breitung, C. (2016, March). Evaluation of the MSAG/IPSTC train-the-trainer project in physical security and stockpile management (BICC Working Paper series No. 4/2016). Bonn: BICC.

There are still large deficiencies in small arms and light weapons (SALW) and conventional ammunition (CA) storage and management in the Great Lakes Region, the Horn of Africa and bordering states. Particularly state capacities to plan and implement physical security and stockpile management (PSSM)... more

Mutschler, M. M. (2016, February). On the Road to Liquid Warfare? Revisiting Zygmunt Bauman's thoughts on liquid modernity in the context of the "new Western way of war" (BICC Working Paper series No. 3/2016). Bonn: BICC.

This Working Paper examines military interventions by precision strikes from a distance as a means to avoiding ground combat with own troops. A prominent strand of the literature argues that this is a particularly Western phenomenon; a consequence of the casualty aversion of democratic states and... more

Richards, J. (2016, February). Matching Needs and Resources: Small Arms Control Initiatives in the Greater Sahel, 2015–2016 (BICC Working Paper series No. 2/2016). Bonn: BICC.

The Greater Sahel region has never experienced such a high-level of arms availability. Given the large array of efforts now in place across the region to stem the proliferation of small arms and light weapons (SALW), it is pertinent to take stock, assess who is doing what, and reflect on... more

Alusala, N. (2016, February). Lessons from Small Arms and Weapons Control Initiatives in Africa (BICC Working Paper series No. 1/2016). Bonn: BICC.

The proliferation and trafficking of small arms and light weapons (SALW) in Africa is partly attributable to weak national controls, the porosity of state borders, and ongoing armed conflict on the continent. To address these problems a number of initiatives have been undertaken by states, regional... more

Acharya, N., Wiegink, N., & Idriss, S. (2015). Civilian Arms Registration and Marking Handbook. Bonn: BICC.

In collaboration with Sudan's National Focal Point on Small Arms Control, BICC has published the Civilian Arms Registration and Marking Handbook, available in both English and Arabic. This Handbook is a guide on arms registration and marking (ARM) for practitioners, government officials, and... more

von Boemcken, M. (2015). Ertüchtigung als neue Strategie europäischer Sicherheitspolitik. Berlin: Bundesministerium für Verteidigung.

Reader Sicherheitspolitik, 11/2015, pdf In: Bundesministerium für Verteidigung. 2015. Der Reader Sicherheitspolitik - Transformation im 21. Jahrhundert more

Grebe, J., & Mutschler, M. M. (2015, November). Global Militarisation Index 2015. Bonn: BICC.

Compiled by BICC, the Global Militarisation Index (GMI) presents on an annual basis the relative weight and importance of a country's military apparatus in relation to its society as a whole. The 2015 GMI covers 152 states and is based on the latest available figures (in most cases data for 2014).... more

Isikozlu, E., & Heinke, S. (Eds.). (2015, June). Facing Organised Violence: Research Agendas and Conversion Potentials (BICC Knowledge Notes series No. /2015).

On the occasion of its 20th anniversary, the Bonn International Center for Conversion (BICC) hosted a two-day international academic conference on “Facing Organised Violence: Research Agendas and Conversion Potentials” from 27 to 28 October 2014 in Bonn. The aim of the conference was to approach... more

Schetter, C. (2015). Commentary \ „Der Gipfel globaler Verantwortung(slosigkeit): Ein Plädoyer für Nachhaltigkeit anstelle militärischer Aufrüstung“. Bonn: BICC.

Conrad Schetter, Director for Research at BICC, maintains that the German government has a duty to implement its plea for a new responsibility at the upcoming G7 summit. "The G7 are well advised to discuss a way to a more peaceful and just world rather than about increased military armament,... more

Grebe, J., & Mutschler, M. M. (2015, March). Transparent Reporting for a Successful Arms Trade Treaty (BICC Policy Brief series No. 1/2015). Bonn: BICC.

The first Conference of States Parties to the International Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) will take place in Mexico City from 24 to 27 August 2015. Of central importance for the successful implementation of the ATT is the issue of reporting, which is closely related to the issue of transparency. In... more

Faltas, S. (2015). Report on the Work of the Arms Registration and Marking (ARM) Program and on Community Security and Arms Control (CSAC) in West Darfur (in Arabic). Bonn: BICC.

In the “Report on the Work of the Arms Registration and Marking (ARM) Program and on Community Security and Arms Control (CSAC) in West Darfur (in Arabic)" Dr Sami Faltas presents the results of his field research in West Darfur, Sudan. The study was assigned by BICC and the Sudan DDR... more

Grebe, J. (2014, December). Global Militarisation Index 2014. Bonn: BICC.

The Global Militarisation Index (GMI) depicts the relative weight and importance of the military apparatus of one state in relation to its society as a whole. The update of the GMI 2014 is based on data from the year 2013 (i. e. the most recent year for which data has been available) and comprises... more

van de Vondervoort, L. (2014, December). “Guns are for the government” (BICC Working Paper series No. 1/2014). Bonn: BICC.

From 2011 until 2014, BICC worked with the government of South Sudan to improve the management of state-owned arms and ammunition. In BICC Working Paper 1\ 2014 Luuk van de Vondervoort evaluates this BICC advisory project on state-owned arms control. The difficulties related to improving arms... more

Faltas, S. (2014). Report on the Work of the Arms Registration and Marking (ARM) Program and on Community Security and Arms Control (CSAC) in West Darfur. Bonn: BICC.

In the “Report on the Work of the Arms Registration and Marking (ARM) Program and on Community Security and Arms Control (CSAC) in West Darfur” Dr Sami Faltas presents the results of his field research in West Darfur, Sudan. The study was assigned by BICC and the Sudan DDR Commission (SDDRC). The... more

von Boemcken, M. (2014). Commentary \ Die deutsche Rüstungsindustrie braucht eine Diät! Bonn: BICC.

Dr. Marc von Boemcken comments on a possible new orientation in German arms export policy, initiated by Sigmar Gabriel, Germany’s Federal Minister for Economic Affairs. There is reason to hope that at least the export of land-based weapons systems to states that systematically violate human rights... more

Grebe, J. (2014, June). Courage to change or continuation of structural deficits? German arms exports and parliamentary control (BICC Focus series No. 13). Bonn: BICC.

In Focus 13, BICC researcher Jan Grebe analyzes the changes in the reporting on German arms exports foreseen in the coalition agreement and the key issue paper of the governing parties. His conclusion is critical: All changes in arms exports control will have to be judged against whether they... more

Ashkenazi, M., Isikozlu, E., & Kösling, M. (Eds.). (2013, November). Smart Technology in SALW Control (Brief series No. 49). Bonn: BICC.

BICC brief 49 “Smart Technology in SALW Control–Civilian Protection, the UN-PoA, and Transfer Control (SmartCon)”, edited by Michael Ashkenazi, Elvan Isikozlu and Marc Kösling, contains the majority of papers presented at the SmartCon 2013 in Berlin, sponsored by the German Federal Foreign Office... more

Kösling, M. (2013). Approaches to arms control with armed non-state actors

In: Heinrich-Böll-Stiftung. International Politics. Foreign Affairs & Security Approaches to arms control with armed non-state actors more

Grebe, J. (2013). BICC’s Global Militarization Index (GMI) 2013: Factsheet

Update of the Global Militarization Index of BICC 2013 more

Khalifa, A. (2013). “Allies or Competitors: The Economic Interests of the Armed Forces and the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt”

Paper prepared for the Annual Middle East Association (MESA) Convention October 10–13 2013. New Orleans, USA.  more

Grebe, J. (2013). “Europäische Rüstungsexporte nach Südostasien”

Zeitschrift für Südostasien, No. 3/2013, pp. 8-9.   "Europäische Rüstungsexporte nach Südostasien" more

Kösling, M., Ashkenazi, M., & Kögler, C. (2013). "The Kalashnikov Curse"

Entwicklung + Zusammenarbeit 54 / Development + Cooperation 40, pp. 330-332. "The Kalashnikov Curse"  more

Grebe, J., & Roßner, S. (2013). Parlamentarische Kontrolle und Transparenz von Rüstungsexporten

A new study commissioned by the German church aid organizations MISEREOR and Brot für die Welt calls for more involvement of the Bundestag in and improved oversight mechanisms for arms exports. The study „Parlamentarische Kontrolle und Transparenz von Rüstungsexporten“ (in German) by the Bonn... more

Grebe, J. (2013). Harmonized EU Arms Exports Policies in Times of Austerity? Adherence to the Criteria of the EU Common Position on Arms Exports

The study analyzes the current trends on the international arms market and the role EU Member States play as well as the adherence to the Criteria of the EU Common Position. It also takes a closer look at the effects of austerity measures on the European defense industry and the shift towards... more

Grebe, J., & Kreuzer, P. (2013). “Lässt sich der Drache zähmen? Eskalation und Aufrüstung im Südchinesischen Meer”

In: Marc von Boemcken et al. (eds.). Friedensgutachten 2013. LIT: Münster, pp. 69–83. more

von Boemcken, M. (2013). "Rüstungsmärkte ohne Grenzen. Neue Komplexe globalen Unfriedens"

In: Marc von Boemcken et al. (eds.). Friedensgutachten 2013. Berlin: LIT, pp. 32–45. more

Grebe, J. (2013). "Deutsche Rüstungsexportpolitik: Zwischen manglender Transparenz, der Notwendigkeit parlamentarischer Kontrolle und einer Neujustierung der Rüstungsexportpolitik"

Zeitschrift für Friedens- und Konfliktforschung, Vol. 2, No. 2, pp. 279-289. "Deutsche Rüstungsexportpolitik: Zwischen manglender Transparenz, der Notwendigkeit parlamentarischer Kontrolle und einer Neujustierung der Rüstungsexportpolitik" more

Grebe, J., & Schwarz, C. (2013, February). Security-policy implications of the maritime military build-up in the Asia-Pacific Region: Focus on Australia, Japan, South Korea and Vietnam (Paper). Bonn: BICC.

The (renewed) rise of China has been one of the central topics in international politics since the 1990s. This development brings along a number of far-reaching regional and global consequences. A comprehensive maritime rearmament—not only by China itself but also its immediate neighbors and other... more

Ashkenazi, M., Grebe, J., Kögler, C., & Kösling, M. (2013, February). MANPADS - A Terrorist Threat to Civilian Aviation (Brief series No. 47). Bonn: BICC.

BICC brief 47 is dedicated to the issue of Man-portable Air Defense Systems (MANPADS). The authors Dr. Michael Ashkenazi, Princess Amuzu, Jan Grebe, Christof Kögler and Marc Kösling provide a comprehensive survey of all aspects of MANPADS as a challenge to managing civilian security. The... more

Kahl, M. (2013). Starter Guide towards strong Arms and Ammunition Management Practices

This Guide addresses countries that wish to start improving their approaches to and practices of arms and ammunition management and are at relatively early stages of improvement. The current version of the Starter Guide will be developed further this year. The “Starter Guide towards strong Arms... more

Grebe, J., & von Boemcken, M. (2013). "Schaffen Waffen Frieden und Stabilität?"

Aus Politik und Zeitgeschichte, Internationale Sicherheit, Nr. 36-37, pp. 28-32. "Schaffen Waffen Frieden und Stabilität?" more

Grebe, J., & Schaede, N. (2012). “Aufstrebende Staaten. Rüstungsindustrie in Brasilien, Indien und Südafrika"

Wissenschaft und Frieden, Vol. 30, No. 4, pp. 25–27. “Aufstrebende Staaten. Rüstungsindustrie in Brasilien, Indien und Südafrika” more

Sommer, J. (2012, July). Iran-Verhandlungen - und wie weiter?

There were strong fears this Spring that Israel may have been about to launch an attack on Iran. US President Obama made it clear to Israeli Prime Minister Netanjahu that he considered such a course of action to be wrong at that given time.  Meanwhile, negotiations have got underway with... more

von Boemcken, M., & Moltmann, B. (2012). "Der eingebildete Kranke. Rüstungsindustrie in Zeiten klammer Kassen"

In Bruno Schoch et al. (eds.). Friedensgutachten 2012. Berlin: LIT, pp. 124‑35. more

Grebe, J. (2012). "Waffen für die Welt"

JS Magazin. March 2012, pp. 28-30. more

Sommer, J. (2012, February). Krieg gegen den Iran - Tickt die Uhr?

As was the case in Iraq, today a possible strike on Iran is justified with half-truths, myths and incorrect statements. Such statements by politicians as well as often one-sided, uncritical or even alarmist press coverage impede serious debate.Nevertheless, there is still time for diplomacy—but... more

Grebe, J. (2012). BICC’s Global Militarization Index (GMI) 2012: Factsheet

Update of the Global Militarization Index (GMI) of BICC 2012 more

Sommer, J. (2011, November). Atomkonflikt Iran: Diplomatische Lösung noch immer möglich?! (BICC Focus series No. 10). Bonn: BICC.

Again, Israeli government politicians and hawks in the United States are talking about military strikes against Iran and its nuclear program. Again, the United Nations and the European Union are preparing and imposing sanctions against Iran. The violent attack of Iranian students on the British... more

Kahl, M. (2011, September). The Challenge of Managing State-owned Small Arms and Light Weapons in South Sudan

Countries emerging from a long period of armed conflict have to find solutions for getting widespread possession of small arms and light weapons (SALW) and related trade flows under control. The Republic of South Sudan (RSS) is a case in point. According to estimates, 2.7 million SALW are available... more

Paes, W.-C. (2011). Handlich und gefährlich – Gewehre und Pistolen richten mehr Schaden an als andere konventionelle Waffen

Handlich und gefährlich – Gewehre und Pistolen richten mehr Schaden an als andere konventionelle Waffen In: Welt-Sichten, No. 9/2011. more

Ashkenazi, M. (2011). “What do the Natives Know? Societal mechanisms for controlling small arms”

In: O. Greene and N. Marsh (eds.). Small Arms, crime and conflict: Global governance and the threat of armed violence. London: Routledge, pp. 228–47. more

Grebe, J., & Schwarz, C. (2011). “Die maritime Aufrüstung von Schwellenländer: Strategische und friedenspolitische Implikationen”

In: Margret Johannsen (ed.) et al. Friedensgutachten 2011. Münster: LIT-Verlag, pp. 316-327. more

Grebe, J. (2011, February). The Global Militarization Index (GMI): Use of the GMI for evaluating the development orientation of states and regional militarization (Paper). Bonn: BICC.

The Global Militarization Index (GMI) of BICC (Bonn International Center for Conversion) presents the militarization of a country and thus shows developments and processes in resource allocation of a given country. It can be used as a tool for assessing the relationship between military to... more

Heinke, S. (Ed.). (2010). Peace on earth?
Initiatives for disarmament, non-violence and dialogue

Documentation of the international Symposium “Peace on earth? Initiatives for disarmament, non-violence and dialogue” in Bonn, discussing the topics: On the way to Global Zero nuclear armament—Where are we now?Ethnic conflicts—Solutions from theory and practical experienceVictims of war—A... more

Grebe, J., & Sommer, J. (2010). "Hochgerüstet in der Pleite"

Die Tageszeitung, 8 October 2010, p. 4. "Hochgerüstet in der Pleite"    more

Grebe, J., & Sommer, J. (2010, August). Greece: High military expenditures despite the financial crisis (BICC Focus series No. 9). Bonn: BICC.

Greece’s national bankruptcy could only be averted with the aid of considerable loans from the European Union and the International Monetary Fund (IMF). The government’s high military spending and extensive arms purchases in recent years have contributed to the country’s desolate financial... more

von Boemcken, M. (2009). “Arms Embargoes against Eritrea and Ethiopia”

In Michael Brzoska and George A. Lopez (eds.). Putting Teeth in the Tiger: Improving the Effectiveness of Arms Embargoes. Bingley: Emerald, pp. 189–204. more

von Boemcken, M. (2009). “UN Arms Embargoes in the Great Lakes, 1994-2004"

In Michael Brzoska and George A. Lopez (eds.). Putting Teeth in the Tiger: Improving the Effectiveness of Arms Embargoes. Bingley: Emerald, pp. 163–88. more

Ashkenazi, M. (2009). “Kazakhstan: Where surplus arms are not a problem”

In: Contemporary Security Policy Vol. 29, No. 1, pp. 129–50.  Reprinted in Aaron Karp (ed.). 2009. The politics of destroying surplus small arms. Oxford: Routledge, pp 133–54. more

Blix, H., Yazdi, E., Walsh, J., Kubbig, B., & Sommer, J. (2009, March). New Chances for a Compromise in the Nuclear Dispute with Iran? (Paper). Bonn: BICC.

On 4 December 2008, the Bonn International Center for Conversion (BICC) and Deutsche Welle jointly organized a half-day conference on the nuclear dispute with Iran in Bonn, entitled “After the Elections in the United States: New Chances for a Compromise in the Nuclear Dispute with Iran?” With the... more

Grebe, J., Stalenheim, P., Perdomo, C., & Sköns, E. (2008). "Tables of military expenditure"

In: SIPRI Yearbook 2008, Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 207-235. "Tables of military expenditure" more

Grebe, J., & Stalenheim, P. (2008). "Appendix 5B. Tables of NATO Military Expenditure by category"

In: SIPRI Yearbook 2008. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 236-241. more

Wirkus, L., & Vollmer, R. (Eds.). (2008, July). Monitoring Environment and Security: Integrating concepts and enhancing methodologies (Brief series No. 37). Bonn: BICC.

BICC brief 37 is based on the proceedings of the Seminar ‘Environment and Conflict—Evaluating and strengthening the means of interdisciplinary cooperation’, which took place in Bonn from the 18–20 September 2007. This Seminar was organized by BICC in cooperation with GMOSS (Global Monitoring for... more

Ashkenazi, M. (2008, July). Putting the cart before the horse: AWACs and fundamental policy objectives in Afghanistan (Paper). Bonn: BICC.

In recent months, NATO has approached member states with a request to redeploy several AWACs (Airborne Warning and Control) planes, currently based in Geilenkirchen, Germany, in support of air operations in Afghanistan. BICC, building on previous experience in Afghanistan, addresses two issues in... more

von Boemcken, M. (2008). "Hochrüstung in armen Staaten? Differenzierung von Rüstungsdynamiken in Afrika südlich der Sahara"

In Andreas Heinemann-Grüder et al. (eds.). Friedensgutachten 2008. Münster: LIT Verlag. more

Küchle, H. (2008, April). Seehäfen als neuralgische Zonen der kritischen Infrastruktur: Sicherheitstechnologische Lösungen und Arbeitsplätze am Beispiel des Hamburger Hafens (Paper). Bonn: BICC.

The port of Hamburg is the largest port in Germany, the third-largest port in Europe and, as the second largest container terminal in Europe, is one of the nine largest container terminals in the world (Deutsche Verkehrs-Zeitung, 2001). This study offers a comprehensive insight into the job... more

von Boemcken, M. (2008). “Deutsche Waffen nach Südamerika. Eine kritische Bestandsaufnahme"

In: Matices – Zeitschrift zu Lateinamerika, Spanien und Portugal, No. 57. more

(2008). SSANSA Update 1

Newsletter of the South Sudan Action Network on Small Arms (SSANSA) more

von Boemcken, M. (2008). Sicherheit als Wirtschaftsfaktor: Eine kritische Reflexion

Paper presented at the conference: Privatisierung im Sicherheitssektor. Neue sicherheitspolitische Risiken – Neue Synergien, Bundesakademie für Sicherheitspolitik (BakS), Potsdam, 20–21 February. more

Ashkenazi, M. (2008). “Stockpile Management: Security”

In: James Bevan (ed.). Conventional Ammunition in Surplus: A Reference Guide. Geneva: SAS, pp. 67–75. more

Ashkenazi, M. (2008). “Ammunition Stockpiles and Communities”

In: James Bevan (ed.). Conventional Ammunition in Surplus: A Reference Guide. Geneva: SAS, pp. 166–71. more

Ashkenazi, M., & Anders, H. (2008). “Stakeholders in Conventional Ammunition Management”

In: James Bevan (ed.). Conventional Ammunition in Surplus: A Reference Guide. Geneva: Small Arms Survey, pp. 160–65. more

Ashkenazi, M., Isikozlu, E., & Radeke, H. (2008). "SALW Control Training Manual for West Africa"

The purpose of this manual is to help strengthen the capacity of the West African community  to deal with the devastating consequences of the uncontrolled proliferation of small arms  and light weapons (SALW). It is intended as a primer for those with little or no experience in SALW... more

Küchle, H. (2007, December). Innovationen zum Schutz deutscher Flughäfen vor Anschlägen: Sicherheitstechnologien und Arbeitsplätze am Beispiel des Düsseldorfer Flughafens (Paper). Bonn: BICC.

The modern, complex industrialized states of the West are faced with multi-faceted challenges with regard to their overall national security, especially since 9/11 2001 and the following terrorist attacks in Europe: international terrorism, organized crime, drugs- and human trafficking, political... more

(2007). SALW Control Training Manual for West Africa

The purpose of this Manual is to help strengthen the capacity of the West African community to deal with the devastating consequences of the uncontrolled proliferation of small arms and light weapons (SALW). It is intended as a primer for those with little or no experience in SALW action, and as an... more

Ashkenazi, M., Isikozlu, E., & Radeke, H. (2007, December). TRESA - SALW Control Training Manual for West Africa

The purpose of this Manual is to help strengthen the capacity of the West  African community  to deal with the devastating consequences of the uncontrolled proliferation of small arms  and light weapons (SALW). It is intended as a primer for those with little or no experience... more

Ashkenazi, M., Isikozlu, E., & Radeke, H. (2007, December). SALW Control Training Manual for West Africa_Part1

The goals of this manual are:   To provide an overview of the SALW issue and issues specific to West  Africa.To promote action on SALW control in West Africa through the sharing of resources, good practice, case studies and tips from across the sub-region. To provide future trainers... more

Ashkenazi, M., Isikozlu, E., & Radeke, H. (2007, December). SALW Control Training Manual for West Africa_Part2

The goals of this manual are:  To provide an overview of the SALW issue and issues specific to West  Africa.To promote action on SALW control in West Africa through the sharing of resources, good practice, case studies and tips from across the sub-region. To provide future trainers... more

Sommer, J. (2007, April). A Way Out of the Impasse: Time for a new strategy on Iran’s nuclear program (BICC Focus series No. 4). Bonn: BICC.

While in February 2007 a promising agreement was reached for the North Korean nuclear program after the United States changed its negotiating strategy, there have been no signs of any such easing of tension as far as Iran is concerned. The UN Security Council has imposed sanctions because Iran has... more

Sadjadpur, K., Neuneck, G., Kubbig, B., Meier, O., & Guldimann, T. (2006, October). Iran: Wege aus der nuklearen Sackgasse - Optionen, Barrieren und Chancen für eine Verhandlungslösung (Paper series No. 52). Bonn: BICC.

The Bonn International Center for Conversion (BICC) and the Institute for Peace Research and Security Policy at the University of Hamburg (IFSH) organized a panel discussion on 14 June 2006 on which international experts voiced their opinions on the conflict about the Iranian nuclear program. The... more

Fitzpatrick, C. (2006, September). The Economics of Small Arms Demand: Polarization and Rent-seeking in Haiti and Latin America (Paper series No. 51). Bonn: BICC.

This paper provides an economic account of demand for small arms as a response to politicoeconomic motivations arising from polarization and rent-seeking. Polarization has already been employed in the existing literature as a measure of the potential for conflict between groups of opposing... more

Pietz, T. (2006, June). Defense Reform and Conversion in Albania, Macedonia and Croatia (Brief series No. 34). Bonn: BICC.

BICC brief 34 deals with the military reform and the defense conversion process in Albania, Macedonia and Croatia. Among the issues covered are the adoption and implementation of strategic-doctrinal documents, and the modernization and downsizing of armed forces, including the reintegration... more

von Boemcken, M., & Sommer, J. (2006, May). Der Streit um das iranische Atomprogramm: Auf der Suche nach dem „kreativen Kompromiss“. Zum aktuellen Angebotspaket und den Erfolgsaussichten von Sanktionen (BICC Focus series No. 1). Bonn: BICC.

Iran is under the suspicion of wanting to manufacture nuclear weapons under the guise of a civilian nuclear program. So far, there is no clear proof of an active Iranian nuclear weapons program, and Iran is adamant in denying that it wants nuclear weapons. The current uranium enrichment... more

Patel, B. (2006, March). Costs and Benefits of the Chemical Weapons Disarmament (Paper series No. 48). Bonn: BICC.

Headnotes: Concept of peace dividend and disarmament: Myth v. Reality – Recognition of the need for thorough analysis through examining the implementation of a arms control or disarmament instrument, felt in the governmental as well as research institutions – This paper, a response to such a need –... more

Böge, V., Fitzpatrick, C., Jaspers, W., & Paes, W.-C. (2006, February). Who’s Minding the Store? - The Business of Private, Public and Civil Actors in Zones of Conflict (Brief series No. 32). Bonn: BICC.

In the context of the discourse on ‘new wars’, in which economic motives and agendas are of major importance, increasing attention is being focused on the role of the private business sector in contemporary violent conflicts and wars. Private business can contribute both to the outbreak of violent... more

Koth, M. (2005, June). To End a War: Demobilization and Reintegration of Paramilitaries in Colombia (Paper series No. 43). Bonn: BICC.

Paper 43 is a result of a cooperation between the Colombian foundation “Ideas para la Paz”, the Universidad de los Andes, and the Bonn International Center for Conversion (BICC), which started in 2002 at a conference in Bogota entitled “Voces y opciones del desarme: Enseñanzas adquiridas de la... more

Pietz, T. (2005, June). Demobilizing and Retraining for the Future: The Armed Forces in Serbia and Montenegro (Brief series No. 31). Bonn: BICC.

BICC brief 31, issued jointly by the Geneva Center for the Democratic Control of the Armed Forces (DCAF) and the Bonn International Center for Conversion (BICC), is the product of a series of activities conducted by these organizations on “Demobilization and Reintegration in the Western... more

Chrobok, V. (2005, April). Demobilizing and Reintegrating Afghanistan’s Young Soldiers: A Review and Assessment of Program Planning and Implementation (Paper series No. 42). Bonn: BICC.

This report has been written to reflect some of the debates between different actors and partners involved in the process of demobilization and reintegration of former combatants in Afghanistan, and to examine the planning, coordination and early implementation of UNICEF’s program to demobilize and... more

Polyakov, L. (2005, January). Aging Stocks of Ammunitionand SALW in Ukraine: Risks and Challenges (Paper series No. 41). Bonn: BICC.

One outcome of this study is that such an accumulation of weapons also poses dangers in times of peace. They threaten the environment and represent a high risk to security, particularly in view of the activity of international terrorist groups. The disposals of such weapons necessitates a... more

Kogan, E. (2004, December). European Union (EU) enlargement and its consequences for Europe’s defence industries and markets (Paper series No. 40). Bonn: BICC.

The eastward enlargement of the EU is accompanied by the accession of four new member states from Central and Eastern Europe, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Slovakia, as well as the inclusion of Bulgaria and Romania in 2007 and the integration of their defence industry infrastructures into... more

Brzoska, M. (Ed.). (2004). Conversion Survey 2005 - Global Disarmament, Demilitarization and Demobilization. Baden-Baden: Nomos.

More than two billion human beings throughout the world still live on less than US $2 per day, a situation the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) of the United Nations were designed to redress. Despite progress in a number of areas, the Goals are unlikely to be met without major policy changes. A... more

Grosse-Kettler, S. (2004, November). External Actors in Stateless Somalia: A War Economy and its Promoters (Paper series No. 39). Bonn: BICC.

The overall aim of this paper is to provide an understanding of the role external actors play in Somalia’s war economy. To achieve this, the study will take a close look at the impact of international economic agents; that is, individuals, groups of people, corporations and institutions based... more

Brzoska, M., von Boemcken, M., Paes, W.-C., & Jaspers, W. (2004, October). Incorporation of Defense Expenditures into Public Expenditure Work (Paper series No. 38). Bonn: BICC.

The following short case studies will present and discuss readily available information on deficits in the planning, programming implementation and control of military expenditures in the East- African countries of Ethiopia, Burundi, Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda.The case studies are structured as... more

Brzoska, M., & Croll, P. (2004, September). Promoting Security: But How and For Whom? - Contributions to BICC’s Ten-year Anniversary Conference (Brief series No. 30). Bonn: BICC.

BICC brief 30 documents the international conference “Promoting Security: But How and For Whom?” which took place on from 1 to 2 April 2004 in Bonn and was dedicated to BICC’s 10th anniversary.The conference discussed six topics, each of which was to be deliberated in its own discussion... more

Lewis, S. (2004, August). Rejuvenating or Restraining Civil War: The Role of External Actors in the War Economies of Sudan (Paper series No. 37). Bonn: BICC.

In the political arena, the revenue from oil had a direct impact on the delicate balance of military power between the Government of Sudan and its principal enemy, the Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA). This report analyzes how the funds from the oil boom have allowed the government side to buy... more

Mohanty, D. (2004, June). Changing Times? India’s Defence Industry in the 21st Century (Paper series No. 36). Bonn: BICC.

The objectives of this paper are primarily four-fold. First, the paper will examine critical aspects of defence-industrial policies adopted by India in the past and link those to performance. It will examine the factors that have influenced India’s defence production and their co-relationship with... more

Mogire, E. (2004, June). A Preliminary Exploration of the Linkages between Refugees and Small Arms (Paper series No. 35). Bonn: BICC.

The purpose of this study is to explore the complex relationship between refugees and arms diffusion. It examines the nature and extent of refugee involvement in small arms diffusion by analysing refugees’ demand for small arms and how their crossborder movements lead to the circulation of arms.... more

Faltas, S., & Paes, W.-C. (2004, April). Exchanging Guns for Tools: The TAE Approach to Practical Disarmament—An Assessment of the TAE Project in Mozambique (Brief series No. 29). Bonn: BICC.

The ‘Tools for Arms’ approach in Mozambique is a case in point and a spearheading example: For the very first time, civil society is taking responsibility for the population’s disarmament at a national level, thereby making an essential contribution towards peace and reconciliation.BICC brief 29... more

Bratanova, E. (2004, March). Legal Limits of the National Defence Privilege in the European Union (Paper series No. 34). Bonn: BICC.

This paper deals with legal aspects of European Security and Defence Policy, and particularly the interpretation of Art. 296 of the Amsterdam Treaty1 (formerly 223 of the Rome Treaty) allowing “for the protection of the essential interests of its security which are connected with the production of... more

Mawdsley, J., Martinelli, M., & Remacle, E. (Eds.). (2003). Europe and the Global Arms Agenda: Security, Trade and Accountability. Baden-Baden: Nomos.

The development of the European Security and Defence Policy means that the EU also needs to respond to the global armaments agenda. However, as this book shows, this is a contested and under-researched policy space. There are conflicting pressures between the claims of trade and security. Should... more

Brzoska, M. (Ed.). (2003). Conversion Survey 2004 - Global Disarmament, Demilitarization and Demobilization. Baden-Baden: Nomos.

Sweeping political and economic transformations worldwide have brought substantial reductions in armaments, armed forces and their associated costs. The authors describe a "decade of disarmament" after decades of an uninterrupted arms race.The decreased military employment of resources... more

Mawdsley, J., & Quille, G. (2003, August). Equipping the Rapid Reaction Force - Options for and Constraints on a European Defence Equipment Strategy (Paper series No. 33). Bonn: BICC.

In 2002 the authors were asked to, and duly submitted, a report to the European Parliament’s Committee on Foreign Affairs, Human Rights, Common Security and Defense Policy entitled ‘Equipment for EU Crisis Management’ (Pullinger, Quille, Mawdsley et al, 2003). That report overviewed the pertinent... more

Sedra, M. (2003, August). Confronting Afghanistan’s Security Dilemma: Reforming the Security Sector (Brief series No. 28). Bonn: BICC.

BICC brief 28 documents the e-conference “Afghanistan: Assessing the Progress of Security Sector Reform, One Year After the Geneva Conference”, which took place from 4 to 11 June 2003. About 100 participants, amongst them representatives of international organizations, research institutes and civil... more

Heinemann-Grüder, A., Pietz, T., & Duffy, S. (2003, August). Turning Soldiers into a Work Force: Demobilization and Reintegration in Post-Dayton Bosnia and Herzegovina (Brief series No. 27). Bonn: BICC.

BICC brief 27 summarizes the insights gained and lessons learned from the downsizing of the armed forces in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) in the wake of the Dayton Peace Accords (DPA) of December 1995.The three major reintegration projects covered by this report (two World Bank projects and one run... more

Küchle, H. (2003, July). Globalisierung in der Rüstungsindustrie - Formen und Auswirkungen auf den deutschen Standort und die Arbeitsplätze (Paper series No. 32). Bonn: BICC.

Often, in the debate about globalization, a cross-border integration of national markets is highlighted and, from this, a new quality of the world market is being deduced. This study investigates whether this also holds true for the markets in defense equipment. Even though cross-border linkages of... more

Mawdsley, J. (2003, May). The European Union and Defense Industrial Policy (Paper series No. 31). Bonn: BICC.

Defense industrial policy is increasingly playing a role in this debate as the need to tackle armaments policy in a more European framework became clear. Is a European defense industrial policy emerging? Who or what are the factors driving it? Are the developments moving in the right direction?... more

Atanga, L. (2003, May). Tackling Small Arms in Central Africa (Paper series No. 29). Bonn: BICC.

This paper seeks to find out if an understanding of previous micro-disarmament programs could serve as the basis for policy measures that could effectively tackle the problem of small arms and their misuse in the sub-region of Central Africa. The paper attempts this by first reviewing the... more

Cho, M.-C. (2003, February). Restructuring of Korea’s Defense Aerospace Industry: Challenges and Opportunities? (Paper series No. 28). Bonn: BICC.

The purpose of this research is to examine Korea’s defense aerospace industry in pursuit of a new direction. In doing so, it aims to analyze the development of Korean aircraft industry while at the same time examining the extent of Korea’s dependence on the United States and its effort to pursue... more

Gomes Porto, J., & Parsons, I. (2003, February). Sustaining the Peace in Angola: An Overview of Current Demobilisation, Disarmament and Reintegration (Paper series No. 27). Bonn: BICC.

João Porto and Imogen Parsons have provided a vital ‘road map’ to current efforts aimed at achieving peaceful demilitarization in Angola. Through their carefully considered study of the dynamics involved in a complex phenomena – made doubly so by institutional density, shifting agendas on the part... more

Brzoska, M. (Ed.). (2002). Conversion Survey 2003 - Global Disarmament, Demilitarization and Demobilization. Baden-Baden: Nomos.

In the past year, political leaders and the general public alike have paid increasing attention to what are seen as ‘new threats’ as well as the responses to them. Authoritarian or failed states, terrorism, the spread of weapons of mass destruction, and the legitimization of preemptive wars all... more

Mawdsley, J. (2002, November). The Gap between Rhetoric and Reality: Weapons Acquisition and ESDP (Paper series No. 26). Bonn: BICC.

It is easy to exaggerate the problem of lack of legitimacy and it is important to remember that ESDP is only a part of national defence and security policies particularly in Britain and France. There are other simpler reasons too why there is a gap between ESDP rhetoric and its reality as discussed... more

Heinemann-Grüder, A. (2002, September). Becoming an Ex-military Man: Demobilization and Reintegration of Military Professionals in Eastern Europe (Brief series No. 26). Bonn: BICC.

BICC brief 26 concerns Eastern Europe’s management of reintegration of military servicemen into civilian life. It looks particularly at the experiences gathered in Ukraine, Russia, Poland and Hungary after the demise of socialism. The prime goal is to generalize experiences, identify shortcomings... more

Dimitrov, D., Giermakowski, L., Heinemann-Grüder, A., Keson, T., Möller, F., Urbani, G., & Zalkalns, G. (2002, August). The Military in Transition Restructuring and Downsizing the Armed Forces of Eastern Europe (Brief series No. 25). Bonn: BICC.

BICC brief 25 centers around reforms of the military forces in Eastern Europe following the demise of socialism. It particularly highlights experiences gained in their downsizing and restructuring. The authors identify challenges of and work out causes for national reform deadlocks, and draw... more

Farr, V., Cukier, W., Bakoru, H., Mpagi, J., El Jack, A., Ochieng, R., Kobusingye, O., & Gebre-Wold, K. (2002, June). Gender Perspectives on Small Arms and Light Weapons: Regional and International Concerns (Brief series No. 24). Bonn: BICC.

BICC brief 24 “Gender Perspectives on Small Arms and Light Weapons: Regional and International Concerns” is based on a workshop in Jinja, Uganda, from 14 to 17 April 2002. The publication addresses problems related to the easy availability of small arms from a gender-specific angle. The workshop... more

Dimitrov, D. (2002, June). The Restructuring and Conversion of the Bulgarian Defense Industry during the Transition Period (Paper series No. 22). Bonn: BICC.

This paper will analyze the transformation processes in Bulgaria in order to determine which are the most influential factors leading to the sharp decline in the defense industry, and its costs—and benefits in the form of military conversion—to Bulgarian development. Secondly, it will analyze... more

Gebre-Wold, K., Omar, M., Marwa, P., Selassie, S., Sisay, H., & Sabala, K. (2002, April). Small Arms in the Horn of Africa: Challenges, Issues and Perspectives (Brief series No. 23). Bonn: BICC.

BICC brief 23 “Small Arms in the Horn of Africa: Challenges, Issues and Perspectives” is about the SALIGAD Project (Small Arms and Light Weapons: Assessing Issues and Developing Capacity for Peace in the Horn of Africa.) The project’s basic aim was to promote and facilitate dialogue, and to ... more

Heinemann-Grüder, A. (2002, January). Small States - Big Worries Choice and Purpose in the Security Policies of the Baltic States (Brief series No. 21). Bonn: BICC.

BICC brief 21 “Small States—Big Worries. Choice and Purpose in the Security Policies of the Baltic States” looks into factors that have determined the Baltic security policy since independence in 1991.The development of security concepts and the buildup of armies in the Baltic can be divided into... more

Brzoska, M., & Küchle, H. (2002, January). Folgen, Auswirkungen und Gestaltungsmöglichkeiten internationaler Abkommen für eine restriktive deutsche Rüstungsexportpolitik (Paper series No. 19). Bonn: BICC.

On behalf of the Research and Documentation Division of the German Bundestag, BICC conducted research on the following topics: • Effects and consequences of international/inter-state agreements and contracts on arms exports, or international arms cooperation and collaboration regarding German... more

Brzoska, M. (Ed.). (2001). Conversion Survey 2002 - Global Disarmament, Demilitarization and Demobilization. Baden-Baden: Nomos.

The terrorist attacks of 11 September 2001 may well be remembered as a turning point in recent history, marking the end of the post-Cold War era. As documented in detail in the Update, after a decade of cuts in military expenditures, reductions in arms production, job losses in the defense... more

Heinemann-Grüder, A., & Paes, W.-C. (2001, September). Wag the Dog: The Mobilization and Demobilization of the Kosovo Liberation Army (Brief series No. 20). Bonn: BICC.

BICC brief 20 “Wag the Dog” is about the creation of the Albanian Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA) in the 1990s as well as the dissolution of the guerilla force after the establishment of a protectorate under the aegis of the United Nations and NATO in Summer 1999.More than two years later, this is... more

Gonchar, K., & Roetger, T. (2001, September). Assisting Conversion and Company Restructuring in Moldova A Tacis-funded Project (Brief series No. 19). Bonn: BICC.

BICC brief 19 “Assisting Conversion and Company Restructuring in Modova. A Tacis-funded Project” presents a case study of the TACIS (Technical Assistance for the Commonwealth of Independent States) project, which was carried out by a team of experts and headed by members of the Bonn International... more

Brzoska, M. (Ed.). (2000). Conversion Survey 2001 - Global Disarmament, Demilitarization and Demobilization. Baden-Baden: Nomos.

The current slowdown in disarmament and conversion, after a decade of reductions, makes it imperative to find new ways of revitalizing these processes. With global military expenditures on the rise again and classical arms control inadequate to the new situation, there is a great need to develop... more

Faltas, S., & Di Chiaro III, J. (Eds.). (2000). Managing the Remnants of War - Micro-disarmament as an Element of Peace-building. Baden-Baden: Nomos.

Most armed conflicts today are waged within states. When a conflict is settled, the process of peace-building must begin. One of the first challenges is Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration. The risk of fresh violence will be reduced if combatants turn to peaceful pursuits, and their... more

Küchle, H. (2000). Rüstungsindustrie im Umbruch: Strategien deutscher Unternehmen und Ansätze einer europäischen Neuordnung. Baden-Baden: Nomos.

After the end of the Cold War, the changed security policy situation caused demand for arms to drop steadily. The accompanying challenges faced by the German arms industry are described by using the aerospace, shipbuilding and tank design industry as an example. Without support by the state, the... more

Batchelor, P., Cock, J., & McKenzie, P. (2000, November). Conversion in South Africa in the 1990s: Defense Downsizing and Human Development Challenges (Brief series No. 18). Bonn: BICC.

BICC brief 18 “Conversion in South Africa in the 1990s” describes and analyses South Africa’s record on conversion in the last decade. The brief focuses primarily on the years since the advent of democracy in South Africa in April 1994 and examines the remaining challenges. more

Gonchar, K. (2000, October). Russia's Defense Industry at the Turn of the Century (Brief series No. 17). Bonn: BICC.

BICC brief 17 “Russia’s Defense Industry at the Turn of the Century” shows that recovery in the defense sector after the crisis of 1998 was mainly the result of import substitution by middle-sized, privatized entities which sold significant parts of their production in barter transactions and which... more

Faltas, S., & Anders, H. (2000, September). Combating the Excessive and Uncontrolled Accumulation and Spread of Small Arms: A Compilation of Policy Recommendations (Paper series No. 17). Bonn: BICC.

This report lists policies and practical measures on effective small arms control recommended by various organizations and individuals.The European Commission ordered it because it wishes to implement the Council resolution of 21 May 1999. Though the report is meant for use in development policy,... more

Wulf, H. (2000, July). Practical Disarmament (Brief series No. 16). Bonn: BICC.

The six papers published in BICC brief 16 “Practical Disarmament” look specifically at weapons in conflict situations. They were originally presented at an international BICC conference, entitled “The Contribution of Disarmament and Conversion to Conflict Prevention and its Relevance for... more

Wulf, H. (2000, May). Security Sector Reform (Brief series No. 15). Bonn: BICC.

Five papers are published in BICC brief 15 “Security Sector Reform”, originally presented at an international BICC conference entitled “The Contribution of Disarmament and Conversion to Conflict Prevention and its Relevance for Development Cooperation”. more

Brzoska, M., Franko, P., & Husbands, J. (2000, March). Typology of Military Assets (Paper series No. 16). Bonn: BICC.

This report suggests a framework for a country interested in assessing the scope of its military assets that have potential for transformation into peaceful, productive purposes as part of a post-conflict or structural adjustment package. This report draws no conclusions as to an optimal level of... more

Brzoska, M. (Ed.). (1999). Conversion Survey 2000 - Global Disarmament, Demilitarization and Demobilization. Baden-Baden: Nomos.

In 1999 the world risked losing sight of on-going disarmament efforts as wars such as Kosovo and Chechnya took the headlines. Nuclear arms negotiations stalled, 'old' conflicts continued, and the United States extended its role as the dominant military power, prompting a debate in Europe as to its... more

Mulvenon, J. (1999, September). Soldiers of Fortune: The Rise and Fall of the Chinese Military-Business Complex, 1978-1999 (Paper series No. 15). Bonn: BICC.

The tasks of this study are to examine the historical antecedents of the Chinese military-business complex, especially the imperial, pre-1949 and Maoist periods, focusing on the similarities and differences between the earlier systems and the current system.Furthermore, the study identifies the... more

Kiss, Y. (1999, June). The Transformation of the Defense Industry in Hungary (Brief series No. 14). Bonn: BICC.

The Hungarian defense industry has undergone a radical transformation since the end of the 1980s. From 1994 the first signs of consolidation appeared. The most important sectoral transformation took place in three dimensions: ownership changes, profile changes and organizational changes. more

Brzoska, M. (Ed.). (1998). Conversion Survey 1999 - Global Disarmament, Demilitarization and Demobilization. Baden-Baden: Nomos.

With the 'disarmament decade' drawing to a close, perceptible changes in worldwide demilitarization are taking place. The initial post-Cold War enthusiasm for a 'peace dividend' is tempered somewhat by revelations of a recent deceleration in disarmament initiatives. While this trend is reflected in... more

Boothby, D. (1998, September). The UNTAES Experience: Weapons Buy-back in Eastern Slavonia, Baranja and Western Sirmium (Croatia) (Brief series No. 12). Bonn: BICC.

BICC brief 12 “The UNTAES Experience: Weapons Buy-back in Eastern Slavonia, Baranja and Western Sirmium (Croatia)” analyses the weapons buyback program by the United Nations Transitional Administration in Eastern Slavonia, Baranja and Western Sirmium (UNTAES) started in 1996 and financed by the... more

Di Chiaro III, J. (1998, July). Reasonable Measures: Addressing the Excessive Accumulation and Unlawful Use of Small Arms (Brief series No. 11). Bonn: BICC.

BICC brief 11 „Reasonable Measures:Addressing the Excessive Accumulation and Unlawful Use of Small Arms” is directed to interested governments and organizations, acting both unilaterally and collectively to address the issue, as well as those states directly affected by excessive accumulation and... more

Gonchar, K. (1998, April). Conversion within the Context of Economic Reform: The Case of Nizhniy Novgorod Oblast (Paper series No. 14). Bonn: BICC.

This report provides an analysis of the modern economic structure of Nizhniy Novgorod oblast and significant structural changes which took place after systemic reforms were launched with the special focus on defense industry and conversion. Niches for actual and potential growth have been... more

Brzoska, M. (Ed.). (1997). Conversion Survey 1998 - Global Disarmament, Defense Industry Consolidation and Conversion. Baden-Baden: Nomos.

With the conversion survey 1998, the Bonn International Center for Conversion (BICC)presents its third yearbook. This year's edition lays emphasis on the worldwide process of adaptation of the defense industries-downsizing, concentration and conversion-to drastically reduced military expenditures... more

Shichor, Y. (1997, October). Peaceful Fallout: The Conversion of China's Military–Nuclear Complex to Civilian Use (Brief series No. 10). Bonn: BICC.

BICC brief 10 “Peaceful Fallout:The Conversion of China's Military–Nuclear Complex to Civilian Use” comes to the conclusion that conversion of China’s military–nuclear complex to civilian use is not by any means irreversible, nor does it imply a downgrading of military–nuclear programs. As a matter... more

O'Meara Evans, P. (1997, August). Destruction of Abandoned Chemical Weapons in China (Paper series No. 13). Bonn: BICC.

The Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on Their Destruction (CWC) is a multilateral treaty which obligates its signatories to destroy their chemical weapons within ten years of the treaty's entry into force. It also bans the... more

Kopte, S. (1997, July). Nuclear submarine decommissioning and related problems (Paper series No. 12). Bonn: BICC.

This Paper provides an overview of the status and problems related to nuclear submarine decommissioning worldwide. After a brief description of the history and development of the world nuclear submarine forces, it discusses the main dismantlement and disposal technologies currently used. Here, it... more

Bischak, G. (1997, June). US Conversion after the Cold War, 1990-1997: Lessons for Forging a New Conversion Policy (Brief series No. 9). Bonn: BICC.

Since 1990, the world’s largest defense industry has shrunk by one-third. BICC brief 9 “US Conversion after the Cold War, 1990–1997. Lessons for Forging a New Conversion Policy” describes the resulting changes for the US arms industry, defense-dependent communities, members of the armed forces and... more

Schofield, S., & Davis, I. (1997, June). Upgrades and surplus weapons: Lessons from the UK disposal sales agency (Paper series No. 11). Bonn: BICC.

Military cutbacks in the 1990s have led to a decline in the purchase of new weapon systems: the global value of transfers of major conventional weapons, as measured by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI, 1996) fell from a peak of US $46,535 million in 1987 to US $22,797... more

Brzoska, M. (Ed.). (1996). Conversion Survey 1997 - Global Disarmament and Disposal of Surplus Weapons. Baden-Baden: Nomos.

n its second yearbook Conversion Survey 1997: Global Disarmament and Disposal of Surplus Weapons, BICC (Bonn International Center for Conversion) presents an up-to-date overview of the most recent trends in international disarmament and conversion. Disarmament is continuing worldwide, even if the... more

Di Chiaro III, J. (1996, November). Conference on Dismantlement and Destruction of Nuclear, Chemical and Conventional Weapons, 19-21 May 1996 (Paper series No. 6). Bonn: BICC.

From 19 to 21 May 1996, representatives of sixteen countries and five international organizations (see attached participants list) met at the Gästehaus Petersberg in Bonn, Germany, to discuss ongoing and future efforts in the dismantlement and destruction of nuclear, chemical and conventional... more

Wieczorek, P., & Zukrowska, K. (1996, October). Conversion in Poland: The Defense Industry and Base Redevelopment (Brief series No. 8). Bonn: BICC.

For the first time, BICC brief 8 “Conversion in Poland: The Defense Industry and Base Redevelopment” offers an analysis of experiences made both in industrial and regional conversion in Poland.The redevelopment process of former bases is markedly behind the restructuring of the arms industry. A... more

Laurance, E., & Meek, S. (1996, August). The New Field of Micro-Disarmament: Addressing the Proliferation and Buildup of Small Arms and Light Weapons (Brief series No. 7). Bonn: BICC.

BICC brief 7 „The New Field of Micro-Disarmament: Addressing the Proliferation and Buildup of Small Arms and Light Weapons” provides an overview of the various components of the issue, including its history and evolution, the types of small arms and light weapons of concern, the various types of... more

Wezeman, P., & Wezeman, S. (1996, June). Dutch Surplus Weapons (Paper series No. 5). Bonn: BICC.

The mixed conscript/professional army in the Netherlands with its high dependence on mobilization was transformed into a professional-only army after 1996. The large amounts of equipment necessary under the old standing army and mobilization system were no longer required. To cope with a then... more

Kuznetsov, Y., Musienko, I., & Vorobyev, A. (1996, May). Learning to Restructure: Studies of Transformation in the Russian Defense Sector (Paper series No. 3). Bonn: BICC.

Perceptions of the Russian military–industrial complex, as they emerge from policy debates and academic literature, center around three major points. First, it is immense—the share of defense industry employment in overall industrial employment is about 25 percent. Second, the military–industrial... more

Renner, M. (1996, February). Cost of Disarmament: An Overview of the Economic Costs of the Dismantlement of Weapons and the Disposal of Military Surplus (Brief series No. 6). Bonn: BICC.

BICC brief 6 “Cost of Disarmament” gives an overview of the economic costs of the dismantlement of weapons and the disposal of military surplus. more

Voß, W., & Brzoska, M. (1996, January). Eurofighter 2000: Consequences and Alternatives (Brief series No. 5). Bonn: BICC.

BICC brief 5 “Eurofighter 2000: Consequences and Alternatives” deals with the development and procurement of fighter jets type Eurofighter 2000 representing the largest current arms project in Western Europe. The current restructuring of the aviation industry worldwide has raised some doubt about... more

Brzoska, M. (Ed.). (1995). Conversion Survey 1996 - Global Disarmament, Demilitarization and Demobilization. Baden-Baden: Nomos.

Sweeping political and economic transformations worldwide have brought substantial reductions in armaments, armed forces and their associated costs. The authors describe a "decade of disarmament" after decades of an uninterrupted arms race.The decreased military employment of resources... more

Kingma, K., & Sayers, V. (1995, May). Demobilization in the Horn of Africa: Proceedings of the IRG Workshop, Addis Ababa, 4-7 December 1994 (Brief series No. 4). Bonn: BICC.

BICC brief 4 “Demobilization in the Horn of Africa” is about a workshop on Demobilization and Reintegration in the Horn of Africa was organized by the International Resource Group on Disarmament and Security in the Horn of Africa (IRG), in cooperation with the Ad Hoc Committee for Peace and... more

Bowers, M., Laurance, E., Kopte, S., Molas-Gallart, J., Nassauer, O., Wilke, P., & Wulf, H. (1995, May). Coping with Surplus Weapons: A Priority for Conversion Research and Policy (Brief series No. 3). Bonn: BICC.

BICC brief 3 “Coping with Surplus Weapons: A Priority for Conversion Research and Policy.” Many weapons are decommissioned due to disarmament agreements such as the START (Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty) and the CFE (Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe), the end of violent conflict,... more

Habich, A., Voß, W., & Wilke, P. (1995, March). Abhängigkeit der Werften im Ostseeraum von der Rüstungsproduktion (Brief series No. 2). Bonn: BICC.

BICC brief 2 “Abhängigkeit der Werften im Ostseeraum von der Rüstungsproduktion“ ("Dependency of the Ship Industry around the Baltic Sea on Naval Ship Building") attempts to analyze the trends in the European ship-building industry during the period 1990-1993. Although the post-Cold War... more

Gonchar, K., Kuznetsov, Y., & Ozhegov, A. (1995, January). Conversion of the Post-Soviet Defense Industry: Implications for Russian Economic Development (Brief series No. 1). Bonn: BICC.

BICC brief 1 “Conversion of the Post-Soviet Defense Industry: Implications for Russian Economic Development” analyses the problems of Russian defense industry conversion which are also prevalent in civilian industry restructuring. more

Ashkenazi, M., Beeck, C., Brethfeld, J., Godnick, W., & Isikozlu, E.. Civil Society Action on SALW Control_Trainer

This module is intended to serve as a guideline for members of national and local civil society and civil society organizations (CSOs) and their representatives that want to become involved in small arms and light weapons (SALW) control. CSOs include, for example, registered charities or non-profit... more

. Reintegration plan workbook_Trainee

This workbook is an essential part of the TRESA "Reintegration Strategies for Ex-Combatants" module. It is intended to serve as adraft template for the preparation of a reintegration plan for your own country or region. When filling out this workbook, please keep in mind that the... more

. Reintegration plan workbook_Trainer

This workbook is an essential part of the TRESA "Reintegration Strategies for Ex-Combatants" module. It is intended to serve as adraft template for the preparation of a reintegration plan for your own country or region. When filling out this workbook, please keep in mind that the... more

Ashkenazi, M., Beeck, C., Brethfeld, J., Foltz, F., Horner, J., & Wanjau, S.. SALW Basics – Definitions_Trainee

Along with the other modules that comprise the series SALW Basics, this module is intended to provide a basic fundamental understanding of the issue of SALW for trainees who have had little or no previous exposure to the subject.  We recommend those trainees, who are already familiar with... more