Order and change

Results: 224

Heinke, S. (Ed.). (2017). Annual Report 2017. Bonn: BICC.

Civil wars, such as in Syria/ Iraq, Afghanistan, South Sudan or in Donbass persist, as does forced migration as an effect of violent conflicts around the world. Researchers of the peace and conflict research institute BICC (Bonn International Center for Conversion) conduct empirical research and... more

Grawert, E., Isikozlu, E., Murtaza Haqeeqat, M., & Shirzad, F. (2017). Conflict-Sensitive Employment Framework (CSEF) for construction and transport companies. Bonn: BICC.

When companies operate in fragile and conflict-affected settings (FCAS), they encounter a range of particular problems. Many companies try to protect staff, premises and ­machinery by hiring security guards. Armed guards ­escort convoys of trucks. Expenditures for security ­measures can be quite... more

Grawert, E., & Shirzad, F. (2017, July). Conflict-sensitive employment in Afghan construction and transport companies (BICC Working Paper series No. 5/2017). Bonn: BICC.

With the aim of identifying the challenges of and motives for conflict-sensitive employment, the authors Elke Grawert (BICC) and Fazalrabi Shirzad (The Liaison Office, TLO) present a qualitative study on construction and transport companies in Afghanistan, based on interviews with company owners... more

Etzold, B. (2017). Mobility, Space and Livelihood Trajectories. New Perspectives on Migration, Translocality and Place-making for Livelihood studies. In L. de Haan (Ed.), Livelihoods and Development – New Perspectives (Brill Publications) (pp. 44-68). Leiden: Brill Publications.

People’s movements and their immobilities are structured by and structure specific livelihood trajectories and the places at the crossroads. This chapter connects livelihood studies to recent geographical research and draws on Bourdieu’s Theory of Practice as conceptual frame analysing the... more

Bohnet, H. (2017, June). Going Beyond Temporary Measures (BICC Policy Brief series No. 4/2017). Bonn: BICC.

Despite recent peace talks in Geneva in February and March, the conflict in Syria shows no signs of ending soon. Consequently, the refugees’ chances of finding durable solutions remain slim and most Syrian refugees can only try to build a livelihood within Turkey. This Policy Brief by Heidrun... more

Christ, S., Meininghaus, E., & Röing, T. (2017, June). Konfliktprävention in Unterkünften – Selbstverantwortung geflüchteter Menschen stärken (BICC Policy Brief series No. 3/2017). Bonn: BICC.

This Policy Brief presents recommendations on conflict prevention in German refugee shelters, in which all refugees are obliged to live until their applications for asylum have been processed. This study aims to contribute to prevent, minimise or resolve conflict at the level of shelters run by the... more

Heinemann-Grüder, A. (2017). Die Resilienz des Putinismus. Zeitschrift für Politik, 64(2), 214-234.

In order to understand Russia's regime we should study the interaction of formal and informal, of charismatic and clientelistic politics, of security politics and loyalty, of insecurity and mobilization, the repertoire of feudal politics and the political economy of state monopolistic capitalism.... more

Christ, S., Meininghaus, E., & Röing, T. (2017, May). "All Day Waiting"—Konflikte in Unterkünften für Geflüchtete in NRW (BICC Working Paper series No. 3/2017). Bonn: BICC.

Germany's shelter system for refugees differs between its 16 federal states; this study focuses on the state of North Rhine-Westphalia (NRW), which hosts the highest number of refugees who have entered  Germany thus far. Using a qualitative approach, the study conducted by BICC researchers... more

Müller-Koné, M., Schmitz-Pranghe, C., & Schetter, C. (2017, May). Flucht und Binnenvertreibung in Asien: Ansatzpunkte für und Grenzen der Entwicklungszusammenarbeit (BICC Working Paper series No. 2/2017). Bonn: BICC.

Asia and the Pacific region are particularly affected by displacement: 3.8 million  people are under the mandate of the UNHCR and millions of these are internally  displaced people (IDPs). The causes of displacement in Asia are multiple and go  well beyond what is covered by the... more

Mielke, K., & Hornidge, A.-K. (Eds.). (2017). Area Studies at the Crossroads. Knowledge Production after the Mobility Turn. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

In this pioneering volume, leading scholars from a diversity of backgrounds in the humanities, social sciences, and different area studies argue for a more differentiated and self-reflected role of area-based science in global knowledge production. Considering that the mobility of people, goods,... more

Mielke, K., & Hornidge, A.-K. (2017). Introduction: Knowledge Production, Area Studies and the Mobility Turn. In K. Mielke, & A. Hornidge (Eds.), Area Studies at the Crossroads. Knowledge Production after the Mobility Turn (pp. 3-26). New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Mielke, K, & Hornidge, A.-K. (2017). Introduction: Knowledge Production, Area Studies and the Mobility Turn. In K. Mielke, & A.-K. Hornidge (Eds.), Area Studies at the Crossroads. Knowledge Production after the Mobility Turn (pp. 3-26). New York: Palgrave Macmillan. more

Hornidge, A.-K., & Mielke, K. (2017). The Art of Science Policy for 21st Century Area Studies: Concluding Reflections. In K. Mielke, & A. Hornidge (Eds.), Area Studies at the Crossroads. Knowledge Production after the Mobility Turn (pp. 327-344). New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Hornidge, A.-K., & Mielke, K. (2017). The Art of Science Policy for 21st Century Area Studies: Concluding Reflections. In K. Mielke, & A.-K. Hornidge (Eds.), Area Studies at the Crossroads. Knowledge Production after the Mobility Turn (pp. 327-344). New York: Palgrave Macmillan.  more

Mielke, K., & Wilde, A. (2017). The Role of Area Studies in Theory Production. A Differentiation of Mid-Range Concepts and the Example of Social Order. In K. Mielke, & A. Hornidge (Eds.), Area Studies at the Crossroads. Knowledge Production after the Mobility Turn (pp. 159-176). New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Mielke, K, & Wilde, A. (2017). The Role of Area Studies in Theory Production. A Differentiation of Mid-Range Concepts and the Example of Social Order. In K. Mielke, & A.-K. Hornidge (Eds.), Area Studies at the Crossroads. Knowledge Production after the Mobility Turn (pp. 159-176). New York:... more

Rudolf, M. (2017, April). Wanted: Good Governance—Protection of minorities and human rights in northern Iraq (BICC Policy Brief series No. 2/2017). Bonn: BICC.

Dealing with the aftermath of the current situation in northern Iraq requires a mid-and a long-term strategy. The author of BICC Policy Brief 2 \ 2017 “Wanted: Good Governance—Protection of minorities and human rights in northern Iraq”, Markus Rudolf, stresses that both have to recognize... more

Isikozlu, E., & Heinke, S. (Eds.). (2017, March). Fleeing Conflict—Trajectories of Displaced Persons (BICC Knowledge Notes series No. 2/2017). Bonn: BICC.

On 3 November 2016, BICC hosted its annual International Academic Conference, focussing this year on the pressing global issue of internal displacement and refugee movements. Almost 65 million people are currently displaced worldwide, most of whom have been displaced for more than five years.... more

Etzold, B., Schimpl, H., Hamm, & Sonnack (2017). Documentation: "Lokale Konflikte um die Aufnahme und Unterbringung von Geflüchteten: Welchen Beitrag leisten Bürgerbeteiligung und Konfliktmediation vor Ort?". Bonn: BICC.

In many cities in Germany, there have been conflicts around the reception, housing and integration of refugees. Local actors responsible for the housing of refugees have used various strategies to encounter this challenge. On 17 February, municipal actors (mayors, representatives from the... more

Schinke, B., Klawitter, J., Döring, M., Komendantova, N., Irshaid, J., & Bayer, J. (2017). Electricity Planning for Sustainable Development in the MENA Region (Mena Select Working Paper). Bonn: BICC.

As electricity systems are not developed in isolation from society, but in a continuous interaction with social, economic, environmental, and political dimensions, this publication aims to develop a comprehensive database for the purpose of evaluating the complex trade-offs between different... more

Schinke, B., Klawitter, J., Döring, M., Komendantova, N., Irshaid, J., & Bayer, J. (2017). Description of electricity generation technologies

This chapter describes the eight electricity generation technologies considered in this publication by illustrating the basic principles behind each form of electricity generation, the conventional sub-types for each technology, as well as their common application and specific technological... more

Heinke, S. (Ed.). (2017, February). Ehemalige militärische Liegenschaften im urbanen Raum - Konversion für die Zukunftsstadt (BICC Knowledge Notes series No. 1/2017). Bonn: BICC.

On 19 May 2016, BICC hosted the one-day international expert workshop “Former military sites in urban space—Conversion for the city of the future?” in Bonn. BICC Knowledge Note 1\2017 documents the results. The workshop hoped to find answers to the question which impulses the conversion of former... more

Christ, S. (2017). ‘You are supposed to treat them like your mum and dad’: narratives about transnational family lives by middle-class Filipino children. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 43(6), 902-918.

The Philippines is a labour exporting country since the 1970s. Due to the contract labour systems in destinations such as the Middle East or East Asia, migrants are usually not able to bring their family members. This development led to the rise of transnational families – families who maintain... more

Schetter, C. (2016). Playing the Ethnic Card: On the Ethnicization of Afghan Politics. Studies in Ethnicity and Nationalism, 16(3), 460-477.

Ethnicity became a pivotal element of the Bonn Agreement 2001 aiming to end the civil wars in Afghanistan that have been ongoing since 1979. In the political process, ethnic categories were understood as key building blocks of Afghan society. In essence, the Bonn Agreement sought to outbalance... more

Etzold, B., & Sakdapolrak, P. (2016). Socio-spatialities of vulnerability: towards a polymorphic perspective in vulnerability research. Die Erde, 147(4), 234-251.

“The space of vulnerability” – the title of the influential paper by Michael Watts and Hans-Georg Bohle from 1993 – highlights the importance of spatiality for vulnerability research. As geographers have fundamentally shaped the concept of vulnerability, the issue of spatiality has been crucial for... more

Sakdapolrak, P., & Etzold, B. (2016). Editorial to the special section "Geographies of Vulnerability and Resilience - Critical Explorations". Die Erde, 147(4), 230-233.

In the past 30 years the concept of vulnerability has been an important paradigm in human geography and development studies. Vulnerability analyses have significantly enhanced our understanding of everyday life under conditions of poverty and food insecurity in the Global South and of people's... more

Etzold, B., & Mallick, B. (2016). Moving Beyond the Focus on Environmental Migration Towards Recognizing the Normality of Translocal Lives: Insights from Bangladesh. In A. Milan, B. Schraven, K. Warner, & N. Cascone (Eds.), Migration, Risk Management and Climate Change: Evidence and Policy Responses (pp. 105-128). Basel, Switzerland: Springer.

In the popular debate about climate change and adaptation in Bangladesh, migration is most often framed in a negative light: People are fleeing due to environmental changes and are displaced in the wake of disasters. Mobility is largely seen as a reaction and migrants as more or less passive... more

Rudolf, M. (2016). Casamance Secession: National Narratives of Marginalization and Integration. In C. Højbjerg, J. Knörr, & W. Murphy (Eds.), Politics and Policies in Upper Guinea Coast Societies: Change and Continuity (pp. 187-202). New York: Palgrave Macmillan US.

This book examines the radical changes in social and political landscape of the Upper Guinea Coast region over the past 30 years as a result of civil wars, post-war interventions by international, humanitarian agencies and peacekeeping missions, as well as a regional public health crisis (Ebola... more

Mager, A., Wirkus, L., & Schoepfer, E. (2016). Impact Assessment of Oil Exploitation in South Sudan using Multi-Temporal Landsat Imagery. Photogrammetrie – Fernerkundung – Geoinformation(4), 211-223.

This scientific report examines the spatial impacts of oil exploitation in Melut County, South Sudan, at six points in the time span between 1999 and 2011, based on Landsat satellite data. Three features were analysed: cropland, oil well pads and roads. Feature extraction consisted of pixel- and... more

Cermeño Mediavilla, H., & Mielke, K. (2016). Cityscapes of Lahore: Reimagining the Urban. In P. Vandal (Ed.), Peoples History of Pakistan (pp. 110-139). Lahore: THAAP Journal.

Cermeño, H., & Mielke, K. (2016). Cityscapes of Lahore: Reimagining the Urban. In P. Vandal (Ed.), Peoples History of Pakistan (pp. 110-139). Lahore: THAAP Journal.  more

Meininghaus, E. (2016). Emergency Aid in intra-state War and Implications for post-conflict Reconstruction: the Syrian Medical System. Contemporary Levant, 1(2), 108-124.

This article analyses the dire state of the health system in war-torn Syria. It investigates the drastic changes that have transpired in health provisions since the beginning of the conflict and sheds light on emerging coping mechanisms. The article traces the militarisation of medical care and... more

Mielke, K. (2016). Tracing change: On the positionality of traditionally mobile groups in Kabul’s camps. Internationales Asienforum/ International Quarterly for Asian Studies, 47(3-4), 245-271.

This article explores the positionalities of two traditionally mobile groups of people in Afghanistan, former pastoralists and peripatetics, who are currently living in several urban camps in Kabul. Starting from the assumption of their immobilization in-between places, the research shows their... more

Bohnet, H. (2016, October). Back to turmoil: Refugee and IDP return to and within South Sudan (BICC Working Paper series No. 7/2016). Bonn: BICC.

In BICC Working Paper 7\2016 Heidrun Bohnet investigates the challenges South Sudanese returnees and displaced persons face from their very own perspective. Building on field research in the autumn and winter of 2015, the author analyses the patterns of return and coping strategies of returnees, as... more

Bohnet, H., Cottier, F., & Hug, S. (2016). Conflict-induced IDPs and the Spread of Conflict. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 1-26.

Recent scholarship has found evidence that refugee flows may inadvertently contribute to the spread of conflict across borders. Little is known, however, about the spatial diffusion of conflict within a state’s borders and what role internal displacement plays in such a dynamic. This question is of... more

Christ, S. (2016). The Culture of Migration in the Philippines: Of Jeepneys and Balikbayan Boxes. Berlin: regiospectra.

Since the 1970s, the Philippine state has been sending migrant workers to the global labor market. Today, around 10% of the population lives abroad. After more than 40 years of state-sponsored labor ‘export’, international labor migration has become a way of life in the Philippines.  From the... more

von Boemcken, M., Schetter, C., Boboyorov, H., Bagdasarova, N., & Sulaimanov, J. (2016, June). Local Security-Making in Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan (BICC Working Paper series No. 5/2016). Bonn: BICC.

In cooperation with researchers in Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan, BICC (Bonn International Center for Conversion) is conducting a three-year research project on everyday security practices in Central Asia, which is funded by the Volkswagen Foundation. The project was launched in July 2015. While... more

Meininghaus, E. (2016). Commentary \ The World Humanitarian Summit—Reform the system, but do not merge humanitarian and development aid. Bonn: BICC.

Esther Meininghaus, researcher at BICC, comments on the World Humanitarian Summit, 23-24 May 2016 in Istanbul. She underlines that “we need to act, and we need to act fast” but also addresses mayor shifts in aid funding and the crisis of the UN. Last but not least she argues that the separation of... more

Bohnet, H. (2016, May). Return To Violent Conflict? Challenges of Sustainable Return of Refugees and Internally Displaced Persons to and within South Sudan (BICC Policy Brief series No. 2/2016). Bonn: BICC.

The case of South Sudan shows that peace on paper does not necessarily mean peace on the ground. Many displaced persons are sceptical of the peace process and the commitment of their leaders, in particular as nothing has changed since the beginning of the conflict. Nevertheless, over ten thousand... more

Grawert, E., & Abul-Magd, Z. (Eds.). (2016). Businessmen in Arms: How the Military and Other Armed Groups Profit in the MENA Region. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.

The Arab Uprisings have brought renewed attention to the role of the military in the MENA region, where they are either the backbone of regime power or a crucial part of patronage networks in political systems. This collection of essays from international experts examines the economic interests of... more

Meininghaus, E. (2016). Humanitarianism in intra-state conflict: aid inequality and local governance in government- and opposition-controlled areas in the Syrian war. Third World Quarterly, 37(8), 1454-1482.

This article argues that humanitarian aid in intra-state conflict plays a crucial but largely unrecognised role in shaping the preconditions for negotiations for peace and post-conflict reconstruction. Drawing on a spatial theory approach, it identifies the role of humanitarian aid as not being... more

Mielke, K., & Grawert, E. (2016, February). Why Afghanistan is No Safe Country of Origin (BICC Policy Brief series No. 1/2016). Bonn: BICC.

Based on their field research, the authors Katja Mielke and Elke Grawert reason in policy brief 1/2016 why Afghanistan is no safe country of return. They give policy recommendations that take into account the complex insecurity situation in which the Afghan population finds itself after the decline... more

Bohnet, H., Mielke, K., Rudolf, M., Schetter, C., & Vollmer, R. (2015, December). Protected Rather Than Protracted: Strengthening Displaced Persons in Peace Processes (BICC Working Paper series No. 3/2015). Bonn: BICC.

This Paper reviews the current state of the art on the return of displaced persons as a durable solution for long-term displacement situations. It outlines the impact, challenges and actors involved in the return process. The Paper shows that present understandings of return, protracted situations... more

Rüegger, S., & Bohnet, H. (2015). The Ethnicity of Refugees (ER): A new dataset for understanding flight patterns. Conflict Management and Peace Science, First published online November 16/2015.

Introducing a new cross-national dataset on the ethnicity of refugees, covering the years 1975–2009, this study analyzes refugee flight patterns. We argue that the asylum destination of refugees is not haphazard but determined by trans-border ethnic linkages. Building on migration theories, we... more

Bohnet, H., & Rudolf, M. (2015, October). Voluntary Return of Refugees: Chances for Peace and Sustainable Development? (BICC Policy Brief series No. 3/2015). Bonn: BICC.

By the end of 2014, 6.4 million refugees found themselves in protracted situations that have been in place for over five years, and numbers are rising. Could return be a solution to these protracted situations? In BICC Policy Brief 3\2015 Heidrun Bohnet and Markus Rudolf point out what issues... more

Licata, A. (2015). Commentary \ "Military barracks for profit? A critical reflection on conversion in Italy". Bonn: BICC.

Dr Andrea Licata, political scientist from Italy and Associate Researcher of BICC, comments on the Italian politics of base conversion. His criticism of only state budget driven approaches to bases closures is that they “disregard the potential of former military sites at the local level” and “deny... more

Bernarding, N., Guesnet, L., & Müller-Koné, M. (2015, May). No rebel without a cause. Shifting the debate about conflict minerals in eastern DRC (BICC Working Paper series No. 2/2015). Bonn: BICC.

Precluding conflict financing through the minerals sector has come to be seen as the panacea to ending conflicts in the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). The US Dodd-Frank-Act (2010) and European draft legislation attempt to reduce the financing of armed groups in conflict zones by... more

Müller-Koné, M., & Guesnet, L. (2015, April). How to Enforce Due Diligence? Making EU-legislation on ‘Conflict Minerals’ Effective (BICC Policy Brief series No. 2/2015). Bonn: BICC.

In the weeks and months ahead, the European parliament has a decisive role in reaching meaningful European legislation on the responsible sourcing of minerals from conflict regions. In mid- May 2015, it is due to vote on an EU regulation drafted by the European Commission. In BICC Policy Brief... more

Swatuk, L. (2015). Commentary \ "Water Woes but not Water Wars: Getting Beyond Fatalism". Bonn: BICC.

Professor Larry Swatuk, University of Waterloo, Canada, is an expert on environmental security and natural resources governance. Commenting on the water crisis in California he argues: “In my view, this prolonged drought challenges not only Californians but every one of us to reconsider the ends to... more

Heinke, S. (Ed.). (2015, January). Konversionsforschung im Praxistest - Liegenschaftskonversion in Deutschland und Westeuropa (BICC Knowledge Notes series No. 1/2015). Bonn: BICC.

On the occasion of the 20th anniversary of BICC on 10 April 2014, the Center organised the expert workshop “Conversion Studies put to the test—Base conversion in Germany and Western Europe”. BICC Knowledge Note 1/2015 documents the contributions to and discussions of the workshop (in German). 25... more

Rüegger, S., & Bohnet, H. (2015). Explaining the Need for Sub-National Refugee Data

In: CIS News: Migration and Multiculturalism, 25: pp. 12-14. more

Mielke, K. (2014). Das neue Kabul: Besitzkämpfe und Interessen im Urbanisierungsprozess.

In: inamo (Informationsprojekt Naher und Mittlerer Osten), 20.78, pp. 21-23. more

Mielke, K. (2014). Social Order as a Boundary Concept: Unveiling Dichotomies, Conceptualizing Politics

In: Asien - The German Journal on Contemporary Asia (July 2014), pp. 35-52. more

Vollmer, R. (2014). "Migration im Fokus der Medien: Die Zeit des „Arabischen Frühlings“"

In: Zwischen den Fronten. Grenzen neutraler Berichterstattung. Göttingen: Steidl, pp. 83-98. more

Guesnet, L., Müller-Koné, M., & Zeil, M. (Eds.). (2014). Compensation Matters. Securing community interests in large-scale investments

The study “Compensation Matters Securing community interests in large-scale investments” provides analyses of contentious issues in compensation matters such as power relations in negotiations, entitlements for compensation and types of compensation. Furthermore, it offers practitioners tools and... more

Vollmer, R. (2014). "Europäische Migrations- und Außengrenzpolitik – Wege aus der Sackgasse?"

In: Sicherheit und Frieden, Vol. 32, No. 1, S. 53-60. Europäische Migrations- und Außengrenzpolitik – Wege aus der Sackgasse? more

Doevenspeck, M., Guesnet, L., & Müller-Koné, M. (2013). “Ostkongo: der ewige Krieg?”

In: Marc von Boemcken, Ines-Jacqueline Werkner, Margret Johannsen, and Bruno Schoch (eds.). Friedensgutachten 2013. Münster: Lit Verlag, pp. 278–91. more

Ebertz, U., & Müller-Koné, M. (2013, June). Legacy of a resource-fueled war: The role of generals in Angola’s mining sector (BICC Focus series No. 12). Bonn: BICC.

After a sketch of the current need for reform in the Kimberley Process for rough diamonds, BICC Focus 12 “Legacy of a resource-fueled war: The role of generals in Angola’s mining sector” scrutinizes the role that generals of the Angolan state armed forces FAA play in Angola’s mining... more

Grawert, E., & Andrä, C. (2013, May). Oil Investment and Conflict in Upper Nile State (Brief series No. 48). Bonn: BICC.

This brief aims to contribute to the study of the relationship between government, oil corporations, and local communities in South Sudan. Its area of study are the oil fields of Blocks 3 and 7 in Melut and Maban Counties, Upper Nile State, the largest oil producing area in the country,... more

Rudolf, M. (2013). Gender and Conflict in the Casamance

In: Logica Publications, Nairobi, 2013. more

van de Vondervoort, L., Deng, D., & Mertenskoetter, P. (2013). “Establishing a Mining Sector in Postwar South Sudan”

Special Report. Washington, DC: United States Institute of Peace.  “Establishing a Mining Sector in Postwar South Sudan”  more

Tahmasebi, A., Ehlers, E., & Schetter, C. (2013). "Climate Change and Mountain Pastoralism - The Shahsevan of Northwest Iran"

 Climate Change and Mountain Pastoralism - The Shahsevan of Northwest Iran. In: Erdkunde 67 (4): 309-323. more

Heinemann-Grüder, A. (2013). Zivile Konfliktbearbeitung – Vom Anspruch zur Wirklichkeit

(hrsg. zs. mit Isabella Bauer). Opladen, Berlin, Toronto: Verlag B. Budrich. more

Saracino, D. (2012). Media-Conflict-Migration—The conflict potential of the media coverage regarding migration from the countries of the Arab Spring to Europe

ifa-Edition Culture and Foreign Policy Media-Conflict-Migration—The conflict potential of the media coverage regarding migration from the countries of the Arab Spring to Europe (pdf) Conference Report more

Guesnet, L., & Bleischwitz, R. (2012). "Conflict Minerals"

In: Sarah Fredericks, Lei Shen, Shirley Thompson, & Daniel Vasey (eds.), The Berkshire Encyclopedia of Sustainability: Vol. 4. Natural Resources and Sustainability (pp. 82-88). Great Barrington, MA: Berkshire Publishing.  more

Müller-Koné, M., & Hütz-Adams, F. (Eds.). (2012, September). Auf der Suche nach dem sauberen Gold: Kleinbergbau von Gold in Peru und DR Kongo (Brief series No. 46). Bonn: BICC.

Researchers from SÜDWIND and BICC traveled to gold mines in the DR Congo and Peru in the framework of a joint project  to find out which measures can help small-scale and artisanal miners to secure their livelihood in regions of conflict and to improve social and ecological mining... more

Wirkus, L. (2012). Ländlicher Raum kommt schlecht weg

In: Städte- und Gemeinderat, Ausgabe 7/8 more

Heinemann-Grüder, A. (2012). Patron-Client Relations: Explanations and Conceptual Promises

In: Heiko Pleines, Andreas Heinrich (eds.): Challenges of the Caspian Resource Boom: Domestic Elites and Policy-Making, Houndmills: Palgrave MacMillan, pp. 58-69. more

Grawert, E. (2012). Making A Living in Rural Sudan

Food Production of Women, Labour Migration of Men, and Policies for Peasants' Need. This book was first published in Basingstoke/London/New York by MacMillan Press / St. Martin's Press in 1998. The rights have been reverted to the author, Elke Grawert, in 2007. Reproduction, copy of transmission... more

Schinke, B., Klawitter, J., & Kögler, C. (2012). “Desertec: Zwischen Heilsanspruch und neokolonialen Befürchtungen”

In: Wissenschaft und Frieden, Vol. 30, No. 3, pp. 39–42. “Desertec: Zwischen Heilsanspruch und neokolonialen Befürchtungen” more

Renaud, F., & Wirkus, L. (2012). “Water, Climate Change and Human Security: Conflict and Migration"

In: Bigas, H. et al. (eds.).The global water crisis: Addressing an urgent security issue. Papers for the Interaction Council. UNU-INWEH, Hamilton, pp. 34–45. more

Croll, P., Guesnet, L., & Schmitz, R. (2012). “Konkurrenz um knappe Ressourcen. Herausforderungen für Sicherheit und Frieden"

In: Michael Reder, Hanna Pfeifer (eds.). Kampf um Ressourcen. Weltordnung zwischen Konkurrenz und Kooperation. Stuttgart: Kohlhammer, pp. 18-32. more

Guesnet, L. (2012). "Folgen der Erdölförderung für die Konfliktdynamik im Tschad"

In: Michael Reder, Hanna Pfeifer (eds.). Kampf um Ressourcen. Weltordnung zwischen Konkurrenz und Kooperation. Stuttgart: Kohlhammer, pp. 86-101.  more

(2012). Participation of Diaspora In Peacebuilding and Development

E-Discussion Report Participation of Diaspora In Peacebuilding and Development Stabilization & Peacebuilding Community of Practice,  September 9th – October 24th 2011    more

Schetter, C. (2012). Translocal Lives. Patterns of Migration in Afghanistan

Crossroads Asia Working Paper Series, No. 2. Bonn: ZEF. more

Rudolf, M. (2012). National, Ethnic, and Creole Identities in Contemporary Upper Guinea Coast Societies

2012, Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology Working Papers No. 135, Halle, Authors: Christian Højbjerg, Jacqueline Knörr, Christoph Kohl, Markus Rudolf, Anita Schroven, Wilson Trajano Filho more

von Boemcken, M., Ashkenazi, M., & Schmitz-Pranghe, C. (2011, December). Commercial Security and Development: Findings from Timor-Leste, Liberia and Peru (Brief series No. 45). Bonn: BICC.

Commercial security affects a number of development-related factors, such as the capacity of states to govern, overall feelings of public safety, economic growth and social welfare.Findings from field research in Timor-Leste, Liberia and Peru indicate that the relation between commercial security... more

Wirkus, L. (2011). Liegenschaftskonversion reloaded

In: Friedens Forum, Zeitschrift der Friedensbewegung, Nr. 4, Aug./September, pp. 48–50. more

Croll, P., & Vollmer, R. (2011). Kompetenzzentrum Diaspora

Lecture on behalf of the Stuttgart expert meeting on migrants in human rights activities (9 December 2011). more

Müller-Koné, M. (2011). “Turning the Curse into a Blessing. A Convenient Illusion. Lessons from the Nigerian EITI Process”

In: Jürgen Runge and James Shikwati (eds.) Geological Resources and Good Governance in Sub-Saharan Africa, London: Taylor and Francis Group, pp 69–89. more

Vollmer, R., & Warnecke, A. (2011, April). Migration – Integration – Entwicklung. Afrikanische Migrantenorganisationen in NRW (Brief series No. 44). Bonn: BICC.

On behalf of the Stiftung Umwelt und Entwicklung Nordrhein-Westfalen (SUE), the State Government of North Rhine-Westphalia and the Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ), BICC carried out a study on „Migration—Integration—Development. African migrant organizations in North... more

Warnecke, A., & Schmitz-Pranghe, C. (2011). "Diasporaengagement für Entwicklung und Frieden. Handlungsspielräume und Kapazitäten der äthiopischen Diaspora in Deutschland."

In: Tatjana Baraulina, Axel Kreienbrink and Andrea Riester, eds. Potenziale der Migration zwischen Afrika und Deutschland. Nürnberg: BAMF, GTZ. more

Vollmer, R. (2010). „Wie sicher ist die Sicherheit? Flucht und Migration“

afrikapost. Magazin für Politik, Wirtschaft und Kultur, No. 4, pp. 26–28. more

Abdullaev, I., Mielke, K., Mollinga, P., Monsees, J., Schetter, C., & Shah, U. (2010). Water, War and Reconstruction. Irrigation Management in the Kunduz Region

In Murat Arsel and Max Spoor (eds.). Water, Environmental Security and Sustainable Rural Development. Conflict and Cooperation in Central Eurasia. London: Routledge, pp. 21‑48. more

Grawert, E. (2010). Introduction: After the Comprehensive Peace Agreement in Sudan

In: Elke Grawert (ed.). After the Comprehensive Peace Agreement in Sudan. Woodbridge: James Currey / Boydell & Brewer, pp. 1–26. more

Mielke, K., & Schetter, C. (2010). Pakistan als Drehscheibe globaler Migrationsströme

In Bernhard Chiari and Conrad Schetter (eds.). Pakistan. Wegweiser zur Geschichte. Paderborn: Schöningh, pp. 133‑43 more

Grebe, J. (2010). “Zehn Jahre Krise in Simbabwe: Die Rolle der Europäischen Union, der USA und Chinas im Kontext der Krise”

In: Helmut Asche et al.  (ed.) Afrika und externe Akteure – Partner auf Augenhöhe?. Baden-Baden: Nomos, pp. 217-238. more

Müller-Koné, M. (2010, June). Revenue transparency to mitigate the resource curse in the Niger Delta? Potential and reality of NEITI (Paper). Bonn: BICC.

The paper begins with a discussion of the possible negative consequences of oil exploitation in developing countries, often referred to as resource curse, introducing the analytical framework of the ‘petro-state’ (Section 1). In order to assess the relevance of revenue transparency for addressing... more

Warnecke, A., Tänzler, D., & Vollmer, R. (2010). Climate Change, Migration and Conflict:
Receiving Communities under Pressure?

This paper analyzes the likely intersections between climate change, migration and conflict. The paper identifies some of the most relevant factors that might turn environmentally induced migration into a source of conflict and hold major implications for receiving areas. more

Warnecke, A., & Schmitz-Pranghe, C. (2010, April). Diasporas and Peace: A Comparative Assessment of Somali and Ethiopian communities in Europe (Brief series No. 42). Bonn: BICC.

BICC brief 42 "Diasporas and Peace: A Comparative Assessment of Somali and Ethiopian communities in Europe" is a DIASPEACE working paper.DIASPEACE (Diasporas for Peace: Patterns, Trends and Potential of Long-distance Diaspora Involvement in Conflict Settings) is a three-year research... more

Schetter, C., Kuzmits, B., & Conermann, S. (2010). Einleitung zu "Grenzen Asiens. zwischen Globalisierung und staatlicher Fragmentierung"

In Conrad Schetter et al. (eds.). Grenzen Asiens. zwischen Globalisierung und staatlicher Fragmentierung. (=Bonner Asienstudien, Bd. 4). Hamburg: EB-Verlag, pp. 7‑25. more

Mielke, K., & Schetter, C. (2010). Die Praxis des Wiederaufbaus am Beispiel Afghanistans

In Bernhard Chiari and Magnus Pahl (eds.). Wegweiser zur Geschichte. Auslandseinsätze der Bundeswehr. Paderborn: Schöningh, pp. 217‑27. more

Schetter, C. (2010). Von der Entwicklungszusammenarbeit zur humanitären Intervention. Die Kontinuität einer Kultur der Treuhandschaft

In Thorsten Bonacker et al. (eds.). Interventionskultur. Zur Soziologie von Interventionsgesellschaften. Wiesbaden: VS Verlag, pp. 31‑47. more

Frank, C., & Guesnet, L. (2009, November). “We were promised development and all we got is misery” — The Influence of Petroleum on Conflict Dynamics in Chad (Brief series No. 41). Bonn: BICC.

BICC brief 41 analyzes the effects of oil production on conflict dynamics in Chad. The authors, Lena Guesnet and Claudia Frank conclude in the study that the goal of the project supported by the World Bank, to foster development in the Central African country has failed miserably.The Chad-Cameroon... more

Guesnet, L., Müller-Koné, M., & Schure, J. (2009, November). Natural Resources in Côte d’Ivoire: Fostering Crisis or Peace? The Cocoa, Diamond, Gold and Oil Sectors (Brief series No. 40). Bonn: BICC.

The trade and exploitation of natural resources such as cocoa, gold, petroleum and diamonds contributed to the conflict in Côte d’Ivoire and still obstruct the peace process in the country. This is one of the conclusions of BICC brief 40, entitled: “Natural Resources in Côte d’Ivoire: Fostering... more

Wirkus, L., & Warner, K. (2009). “Evidence of the impacts of climate change on human security in Africa, with reference to migration and water-related conflict"

Paper presented at the International Conference on Climate Change, Social Stress and Violent Conflict, Hamburg 19–20 November 2009. more

Grawert, E. (2009). "Departures from Post-colonial Authoritarianism. Analysis of System Change with a Focus on Tanzania"

Reihe Berliner Studien zur Politik in Afrika, Vol. 15. Berlin/New York / Oxford: Peter Lang Verlag. more

Ceska, E., & Ashkenazi, M. (2009). “Piraterie vor der afrikanischen Küste und ihre Ursachen [Piracy on the African coast and its causes]”

Aus Politik und Zeitgeschichte, No. 34–35, pp. 33–8. “Piraterie vor der afrikanischen Küste und ihre Ursachen [Piracy on the African coast and its causes]” more

Schmitz-Pranghe, C., & Vollmer, R. (Eds.). (2009, April). Migration and Displacement in Sub-Saharan Africa: The Security-Migration Nexus II (Brief series No. 39). Bonn: BICC.

BICC brief 39 is a documentation of the results of the international conference "Migration and Displacement in Sub-Saharan Africa. The Security – Migration Nexus II" (13-14 February 2009, Bonn). The event was supported by the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)... more

Dehérez, D. (2009, April). The Scarcity of Land in Somalia Natural Resources and their Role in the Somali Conflict (Paper). Bonn: BICC.

A historical perspective, as proposed by this Occasional Paper, might illuminate one of the underlying roots of conflict and state failure and might also help address central problems to conflict resolution in Somalia. It is the thesis of this Paper that in the fertile riverine areas of southern... more

Guesnet, L., Schure, J., & Paes, W.-C. (Eds.). (2009, March). Digging for Peace: Private Companies and Emerging Economies in Zones of Conflict (Brief series No. 38). Bonn: BICC.

BICC brief 38 documents the international conference “Digging for Peace: Private Companies and Emerging Economies in Zones of Conflict” which took place from 21 to 22 November 2008 in Bonn. About 120 participants, amongst them representatives of research institutes, private companies, civil society... more

Grawert, E. (2009). “Auf schmalem Grat: Good Governance zwischen Globalisierung und Schattenglobalisierung”

In: Heribert Weiland, Ingrid Wehr and Matthias Seifert (eds.). Good Governance in der Sackgasse?. Baden-Baden: Nomos, pp. 31–52. more

Mielke, K., & Schetter, C. (2009). Praktische Herausforderungen beim zivilen Wiederaufbau Afghanistans

In Bernhard Chiari (ed.). Wegweiser zur Geschichte: Afghanistan. Paderborn: Schöningh, pp. 157‑67. more

Vollmer, R., Ardakanian, R., Hare, M., Leentvaar, J., van der Schaaf, C., & Wirkus, L. (2009). Institutional Capacity Development in Transboundary Water Management

Institutional Capacity Development in Transboundary Water Management. The United Nations World Water Assessment Programme, Side Publication Series “Insights”. UNESCO, Paris. more

Wirkus, L., & Swatuk, L. (Eds.). (2009). Transboundary Water Governance in Southern Africa. Baden-Baden: Nomos.

This collection of Southern African case studies is intended to contribute to the burgeoning literature on transboundary water governance (TBWG) particularly as it applies to areas of the Global South. Specifically, the collection interrogates the idea of the ‘boundary’. Transboundary Management is... more

Swatuk, L., & Wirkus, L. (2009). “Transboundary Water Governance in Southern Africa: An introduction”

In Larry Swatuk and Lars Wirkus (eds.). Transboundary Water Governance in Southern Africa - Examining underexplored dimension. Baden-Baden: Nomos (Reihe Sustainable Peace abd Global Security Governance), pp. 11–29. more

Swatuk, L., & Wirkus, L. (2009). “Transboundary Water Governance in Southern Africa: beyond the state"

In Larry Swatuk and Lars Wirkus (eds.). Transboundary Water Governance in Southern Africa - Examining underexplored dimension. "Baden-Baden: Nomos (Reihe Sustainable Peace and Global Security Governance), pp. 197–207. more

Heinke, S. (Ed.). (2008, May). Conflict diamonds and peace process in Côte d’Ivoire (BICC Focus series No. 8). Bonn: BICC.

Côte d’Ivoire is the only country, which is currently under embargo by the United Nations for the export of conflict diamonds since December 2005. The conflict and years of ‘no war, no peace’ have been profitable for both the military and the Forces Nouvelles (FN) rebels, thereby paralyzing the... more

Croll, P., Paes, W.-C., & Lebzien, A. (2008, April). Yellow Imperialism’ or ‘successful wealth creation formula’?: How the trade in natural resources is changing Chinese-African relations (BICC Focus series No. 7). Bonn: BICC.

Frustrated by complex donor policies and the high overhead costs of multilateral development projects, many African governments appreciated the alternative presented by the Chinese government in an increasingly multi-polar world.However, a sober analysis of China’s role in Africa indicates that... more

Heinze, M.-C. (2008, February). Die Peacebuilding Commission der Vereinten Nationen: Ein Generalschlüssel für den Frieden? (Paper). Bonn: BICC.

Most experts agree that sustainable peace consolidation demands more than a mere end of violence. Besides the disarmament, demobilization and reintegration (DDR) of ex-combatants and the re-establishment of national security and the state monopoly of violence it also needs the establishment and... more

Friedrich, R., & Luethold, A. (Eds.). (2007). Entry-Points to Palestinian Security Sector Reform. Geneva: Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF).

Security sector reform (SSR) is on top of the Palestinian reform agenda. Palestinians want effective and accountable security forces that respond to their security needs. For them, security sector reform is also necessary to advance Palestinian state-building. However, many political organisations... more

Franke, V., Hampel-Milagrosa, A., & Schure, J. (2007, November). In Control of Natural Wealth? Governing the resource-conflict dynamic (Paper). Bonn: BICC.

For many developing countries, the extraction of natural resources has been a blessing, as their export can provide urgently needed development capital. For others, however, resource wealth has been a curse, as their population still faces extreme poverty and they have been haunted by corruption,... more

Böge, V., & Krieger, N. (2007, October). Tabellarische Übersicht ausgewählter Fälle aus den Bereichen extraktive Industrien, Wald und Wasserwirtschaft (Paper). Bonn: BICC.

This synopsis on ‘resources and conflict’ presents 16 contemporary cases in which large projects from the areas of the extractive industries (oil, gas, and mining), logging and water management have led to violent or violence-prone conflicts. The synopsis comprises the core variables that determine... more

Radecke, H. (2007, October). Wie ein Phönix aus der Asche? Der Stand der Friedenskonsolidierung in Sierra Leone nach den Wahlen (BICC Focus series No. 6). Bonn: BICC.

For the second time since the official end of the bloody civil war in 2002, the citizens of Sierra Leone were called up to cast their ballots in parliamentary and Presidential elections on 11 August 2007. The elections are a litmus test for the stability of the post-war order in Sierra Leone, which... more

Krieger, N. (2007, July). Gewinnung natürlicher Ressourcen in Konfliktsituationen: Bestandsaufnahme zu den Positionen und Strategien relevanter EZ-Akteure (Paper). Bonn: BICC.

Violent conflict around the extraction of natural resources characterizes everyday life in many resource-rich development countries. In particular in countries, where state structures are weak and where deficits in resource governance exist, a specific constellation of controversial extraction... more

Sommer, J., & Warnecke, A. (Eds.). (2007, June). The Security- Migration Nexus: Challenges and Opportunities of African Migration to EU Countries (Brief series No. 36). Bonn: BICC.

BICC brief 36 documents the papers and speeches presented at the conference “The Security-Migration Nexus: Challenges and Opportunities of African Migration to EU Countries” which was held at Bonn, 22–23 February 2008. The event was commissioned by the German Federal Ministry for Economic... more

Böge, V. (2007, June). Das BP Tangguh Erdgasprojekt in West-Papua/ Indonesien (Paper). Bonn: BICC.

The BP Tangguh gas project in the Indonesian province of (West) Papua is the currently largest development project in Indonesia. Situated in Bintuni Bay in the west of New Guinea, BP intends to extract natural gas from offshore gas fields, liquefy it on land and export it to customers such as China... more

Niepagenkemper, E. (2007, May). Zwischen Förderung von Stabilität, Menschenrechten und langfristigen Wirtschaftsinteressen: Wo steht die Zentralasienstrategie der EU? (BICC Focus series No. 5). Bonn: BICC.

In the first half of 2007, the Federal Republic of Germany not only has the presidency of the G8 but also of the European Council. One of the items on the agenda for the Presidency of the Council is to elaborate a strategy for Central Asia. Besides the improvement of the relations between the... more

Sommer, J. (2007, April). A Way Out of the Impasse: Time for a new strategy on Iran’s nuclear program (BICC Focus series No. 4). Bonn: BICC.

While in February 2007 a promising agreement was reached for the North Korean nuclear program after the United States changed its negotiating strategy, there have been no signs of any such easing of tension as far as Iran is concerned. The UN Security Council has imposed sanctions because Iran has... more

Tannous, I. (2007, February). Schnittstellen von Entwicklung und Sicherheit der EU Strategien und Mechanismen für mehr Politikkohärenz (Paper). Bonn: BICC.

The short formula “Development needs security, security needs development” describes experiences made in the past few years. Just a few years ago, it would have been just as unthinkable to resort to the expertise and resources of development policy for originally military measures as to enroll... more

Ehrhart, H.-G. (2007, February). Sicherheit + Entwicklung = Frieden? Zur Rolle der Entwicklungspolitik in der zivilen ESVP (Paper). Bonn: BICC.

Most experts agree today, that peace and stability are an absolute necessity for development and that vice versa, development is an absolute necessity for the sustainability of peace and stability. This nexus between development and extended security is mirrored both in the overall concept... more

Brzoska, M. (2006, November). Analysis of and recommendations for covering security relevant expenditures within and outside of official development assistance (ODA) (Paper series No. 53). Bonn: BICC.

This short study aims to stake out the options for better capturing the implications of the growing conception that development, conflict, security and peace are interdependent for the OECD DAC’s reporting system, within and outside of ODA (Official Development Assistance). It discusses various... more

Böge, V. (2006, June). Water Governance in Southern Africa — Cooperation and Conflict Prevention in Transboundary River Basins (Brief series No. 33). Bonn: BICC.

Nowadays water security is an essential component both of the national security of individual states and of international security, because all dimensions of an extended security concept (food security, economic security, environmental security, human security at large) are dependent on water... more

Wieschollek, S. (2006, April). Konversion: Ein totgeborenes Kind in Wünsdorf- Waldstadt? Probleme der Umnutzung des ehemaligen Hauptquartiers der Westgruppe der Truppen zur zivilen Kleinstadt (Paper series No. 49). Bonn: BICC.

The conversion of the town of Wünsdorf (approx. 40 km away from Berlin) is a great challenge and important task for all involved. According to the former Minister President of the Land Brandenburg, Wünsdorf was to become the best example of how a former military site can be transformed into a newly... more

Ladaa, M. (2006, February). Transboundary Issues on the Caspian Sea: Opportunities for Cooperation (Paper series No. 47). Bonn: BICC.

The aim of this work is to identify if the problems posed by the environmental degradation of the Caspian Sea could be such an issue. The results of cooperation on environmental issues would be twofold. First it would ensue direct action against the large-scale ecological degradation, protection... more

Wirkus, L. (2006, January). Water, Development and Cooperation — Comparative Perspective: Euphrates-Tigris and Southern Africa (Paper series No. 46). Bonn: BICC.

From 1–2 March 2004, the Center for Development Research (ZEF) and the Bonn International Center for Conversion (BICC) hosted an International Expert Workshop on “Water, Development and Cooperation – Comparative Perspective: Euphrates-Tigris and Southern Africa” in Bonn, Germany. Experts from the... more

Kreutz, J. (2005, December). Hard Measures by a Soft Power? Sanctions Policy of the European Union (Paper series No. 45). Bonn: BICC.

This paper aims at giving an overview of EU sanctions during the time period leading up to the first programmatic document on sanctions policy in June 2004. There are several reasons for why such an approach is valuable both for the research on European integration and for the international... more

Sommer, J. (2005, August). Security in Cyprus: Threat Perceptions, Possible Compromises and the Role of the EU (Paper series No. 44). Bonn: BICC.

In this paper, the reader will first find a short description of the history of the Cyprus conflict (Chapter II) and of the Annan Then, as security worries were one of the main reasons for Greek Cypriots to reject the Annan Plan, the security perceptions of Greek and Turkish Cypriots are analysed... more

Wulf, H. (2004). Internationalizing and Privatizing War and Peace. Baden-Baden: Nomos.

What does the internationalization of the armed forces mean for their democratic control, and how can the privatization of the state monopoly of force be prevented? This book addresses the internationalization and privatization of war and peace to find answers to these two questions. If present... more

Germann, W., & Karkoszka, A. (Eds.). (2004). Security Sector Reform in Central and Eastern Europe - Difficult Paths Towards Success. Baden-Baden: Nomos.

This volume reports on the success and failures in the efforts of eleven Central and East European transformation countries in the reform of their respective security sectors over the past decade. The case studies analyse and assess whether and to what extent the norms, concepts, standards and... more

Brzoska, M. (Ed.). (2004). Conversion Survey 2005 - Global Disarmament, Demilitarization and Demobilization. Baden-Baden: Nomos.

More than two billion human beings throughout the world still live on less than US $2 per day, a situation the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) of the United Nations were designed to redress. Despite progress in a number of areas, the Goals are unlikely to be met without major policy changes. A... more

Mogire, E. (2004, June). A Preliminary Exploration of the Linkages between Refugees and Small Arms (Paper series No. 35). Bonn: BICC.

The purpose of this study is to explore the complex relationship between refugees and arms diffusion. It examines the nature and extent of refugee involvement in small arms diffusion by analysing refugees’ demand for small arms and how their crossborder movements lead to the circulation of arms.... more

Brzoska, M. (Ed.). (2003). Conversion Survey 2004 - Global Disarmament, Demilitarization and Demobilization. Baden-Baden: Nomos.

Sweeping political and economic transformations worldwide have brought substantial reductions in armaments, armed forces and their associated costs. The authors describe a "decade of disarmament" after decades of an uninterrupted arms race.The decreased military employment of resources... more

Caparini, M. (Ed.). (2003). Media in Security and Governance - The Role of the News Media in Security Oversight and Accountability. Baden-Baden: Nomos.

The concept of media as the ‘fourth estate’ is now firmly established as a main principle of modern Western democratic theory. Free and independent media are a key element in democracies, where they play a vital role as a bridge or transmission belt between society and those who govern. The... more

Myrttinen, H. (2003, May). Base Conversion in Central and Eastern Europe 1989-2003 (Paper series No. 30). Bonn: BICC.

While base conversion is, even in the best of circumstances, a long and complicated process, the municipalities and regions affected by the problem in CEE countries have had to face a number of additional difficulties. Especially in the first few years of the 1990s, base conversion had to be... more

Brzoska, M. (Ed.). (2002). Conversion Survey 2003 - Global Disarmament, Demilitarization and Demobilization. Baden-Baden: Nomos.

In the past year, political leaders and the general public alike have paid increasing attention to what are seen as ‘new threats’ as well as the responses to them. Authoritarian or failed states, terrorism, the spread of weapons of mass destruction, and the legitimization of preemptive wars all... more

Germann, W., & Edmunds, T. (Eds.). (2002). Towards Security Sector Reform in Post Cold War Europe. Baden-Baden: Nomos.

Security Sector Reform (SSR) is a broad and ambitious notion that concerns establishing and improving those security relationships and architectures most commonly associated with liberal democracy. Starting from the premise that there is no universally applicable model for SSR, this volume explores... more

Ioannides, I. (2002, August). The European Rapid Reaction Force: Implications for democratic accountability (Paper series No. 24). Bonn: BICC.

This study aims to provide an overview of democratic accountability aspects of the European Rapid Reaction Force (ERRF), taking into account that the development of an operational European Security and Defense Policy (ESDP) and the further fine tuning of the ERRF are part of a dynamic process. In... more

Dimitrov, D. (2002, June). The Restructuring and Conversion of the Bulgarian Defense Industry during the Transition Period (Paper series No. 22). Bonn: BICC.

This paper will analyze the transformation processes in Bulgaria in order to determine which are the most influential factors leading to the sharp decline in the defense industry, and its costs—and benefits in the form of military conversion—to Bulgarian development. Secondly, it will analyze... more

Heinemann-Grüder, A. (2002, January). Small States - Big Worries Choice and Purpose in the Security Policies of the Baltic States (Brief series No. 21). Bonn: BICC.

BICC brief 21 “Small States—Big Worries. Choice and Purpose in the Security Policies of the Baltic States” looks into factors that have determined the Baltic security policy since independence in 1991.The development of security concepts and the buildup of armies in the Baltic can be divided into... more

Brzoska, M. (Ed.). (2001). Conversion Survey 2002 - Global Disarmament, Demilitarization and Demobilization. Baden-Baden: Nomos.

The terrorist attacks of 11 September 2001 may well be remembered as a turning point in recent history, marking the end of the post-Cold War era. As documented in detail in the Update, after a decade of cuts in military expenditures, reductions in arms production, job losses in the defense... more

Gonchar, K., & Roetger, T. (2001, September). Assisting Conversion and Company Restructuring in Moldova A Tacis-funded Project (Brief series No. 19). Bonn: BICC.

BICC brief 19 “Assisting Conversion and Company Restructuring in Modova. A Tacis-funded Project” presents a case study of the TACIS (Technical Assistance for the Commonwealth of Independent States) project, which was carried out by a team of experts and headed by members of the Bonn International... more

Brzoska, M. (Ed.). (2000). Conversion Survey 2001 - Global Disarmament, Demilitarization and Demobilization. Baden-Baden: Nomos.

The current slowdown in disarmament and conversion, after a decade of reductions, makes it imperative to find new ways of revitalizing these processes. With global military expenditures on the rise again and classical arms control inadequate to the new situation, there is a great need to develop... more

Batchelor, P., Cock, J., & McKenzie, P. (2000, November). Conversion in South Africa in the 1990s: Defense Downsizing and Human Development Challenges (Brief series No. 18). Bonn: BICC.

BICC brief 18 “Conversion in South Africa in the 1990s” describes and analyses South Africa’s record on conversion in the last decade. The brief focuses primarily on the years since the advent of democracy in South Africa in April 1994 and examines the remaining challenges. more

Brzoska, M. (Ed.). (1999). Conversion Survey 2000 - Global Disarmament, Demilitarization and Demobilization. Baden-Baden: Nomos.

In 1999 the world risked losing sight of on-going disarmament efforts as wars such as Kosovo and Chechnya took the headlines. Nuclear arms negotiations stalled, 'old' conflicts continued, and the United States extended its role as the dominant military power, prompting a debate in Europe as to its... more

Brzoska, M. (Ed.). (1998). Conversion Survey 1999 - Global Disarmament, Demilitarization and Demobilization. Baden-Baden: Nomos.

With the 'disarmament decade' drawing to a close, perceptible changes in worldwide demilitarization are taking place. The initial post-Cold War enthusiasm for a 'peace dividend' is tempered somewhat by revelations of a recent deceleration in disarmament initiatives. While this trend is reflected in... more

Cremer, I., Küchle, H., & Sokol, S. (1998, December). Integrierte Arbeitsmarktprojekte auf Konversionsflächen: Auswertung ausgewählter Beispiele verschiedener Bundesländer (Brief series No. 13). Bonn: BICC.

In BICC brief 13 “Integrated job marked projects on conversion sites: Evaluation of select examples from various German federal states” ca. 90 base re-use projects in Germany were identified where job creation programs are in place. Most of the cases are located in the new federal states due to... more

Gonchar, K. (1998, April). Conversion within the Context of Economic Reform: The Case of Nizhniy Novgorod Oblast (Paper series No. 14). Bonn: BICC.

This report provides an analysis of the modern economic structure of Nizhniy Novgorod oblast and significant structural changes which took place after systemic reforms were launched with the special focus on defense industry and conversion. Niches for actual and potential growth have been... more

Brzoska, M. (Ed.). (1997). Conversion Survey 1998 - Global Disarmament, Defense Industry Consolidation and Conversion. Baden-Baden: Nomos.

With the conversion survey 1998, the Bonn International Center for Conversion (BICC)presents its third yearbook. This year's edition lays emphasis on the worldwide process of adaptation of the defense industries-downsizing, concentration and conversion-to drastically reduced military expenditures... more

Bischak, G. (1997, June). US Conversion after the Cold War, 1990-1997: Lessons for Forging a New Conversion Policy (Brief series No. 9). Bonn: BICC.

Since 1990, the world’s largest defense industry has shrunk by one-third. BICC brief 9 “US Conversion after the Cold War, 1990–1997. Lessons for Forging a New Conversion Policy” describes the resulting changes for the US arms industry, defense-dependent communities, members of the armed forces and... more

Kiggundu, M. (1997, June). Retrenchment programs in Sub-Saharan Africa: Lessons for demobilization (Paper series No. 10). Bonn: BICC.

Retrenchment is a byproduct of public sector reform, which in turn is a direct response to some of the early implementation problems of structural adjustment programs (SAP). It has received much less attention than public sector reform (PSR) as donors, policy makers and researchers have tended to... more

Larsen, S. (1997, May). An Overview of Defense Conversion in Ukraine (Paper series No. 9). Bonn: BICC.

It has become widely recognized that defense conversion is not merely a theory, but a practical policy instrument and process requiring planning and management. Accordingly, practical guidelines for implementing successful conversion policies are necessary, and this study seeks to support that aim... more

Brzoska, M. (Ed.). (1996). Conversion Survey 1997 - Global Disarmament and Disposal of Surplus Weapons. Baden-Baden: Nomos.

n its second yearbook Conversion Survey 1997: Global Disarmament and Disposal of Surplus Weapons, BICC (Bonn International Center for Conversion) presents an up-to-date overview of the most recent trends in international disarmament and conversion. Disarmament is continuing worldwide, even if the... more

Wieczorek, P., & Zukrowska, K. (1996, October). Conversion in Poland: The Defense Industry and Base Redevelopment (Brief series No. 8). Bonn: BICC.

For the first time, BICC brief 8 “Conversion in Poland: The Defense Industry and Base Redevelopment” offers an analysis of experiences made both in industrial and regional conversion in Poland.The redevelopment process of former bases is markedly behind the restructuring of the arms industry. A... more

Ejigu, M., & Gedamu, T. (1996, May). Conversion in Africa: Past Experience and Future Outlook (Paper series No. 4). Bonn: BICC.

This paper, written in early 1995, is meant to provide a broad overview of conversion issues in Africa. It reviews the literature and information on conversion in Africa. It attempts to draw conclusions that may form the basis for further research about trends in military expenditure and personnel,... more

Brzoska, M. (Ed.). (1995). Conversion Survey 1996 - Global Disarmament, Demilitarization and Demobilization. Baden-Baden: Nomos.

Sweeping political and economic transformations worldwide have brought substantial reductions in armaments, armed forces and their associated costs. The authors describe a "decade of disarmament" after decades of an uninterrupted arms race.The decreased military employment of resources... more

Klemmer, A. (1995, March). United Nations Publications related to the Subject of Conversion: An Annotated Bibliography (Paper series No. 2). Bonn: BICC.

In the past, research in the area of military conversion was not a major focus of the departments in the UN Secretariat and the semi-autonomous and autonomous organizations of the United Nations system. Different perceptions of the concept of conversion by Member States blocked any initiative to... more

Brzoska, M., Kingma, K., & Wulf, H. (1995, February). Demilitarization and Conversion (Paper series No. 1). Bonn: BICC.

With the reductions of global military expenditure in recent years and the end of the East–West arms race, major opportunities for conversion exists. Conversion is often looked at as a narrow problem of retooling arms factories for civilian production. In fact, the reduction in military activity... more