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Mobilization and demobilization

Results: 54

Katja Mielke, Nick Miszak, Jihadi-Salafism in Afghanistan—Beyond Taliban, Al-Qaeda and Daesh: Options for German foreign and development policy, 2017

Since July 2017, the declared liberation of Mosul, Iraq, and the expected fall of Raqqa, Syria, has brought the debate about the survival of so-called Islamic State (Daesh) to the forefront. BICC policy Brief “Jihadi-Salafism in Afghanistan—Beyond Taliban, Al-Qaeda and Daesh” discusses options for... more

Claudia Breitung, South Sudan’s stalled Peace Process—Security arrangements in need of adjustment, 2017

According to the largely stalled Agreement on the Resolution of Conflict in South Sudan (ARCSS) of 2015, a key component of the transitional security arrangement is the establishment of cantonment sites where fighters assemble to await disarmament, demobilization or force integration. The... more

Katja Mielke, Nick Miszak, Making sense of Daesh in Afghanistan: A social movement perspective, 2017

BICC Working Paper 6\2017 “Making sense of Daesh in Afghanistan: A social movement perspective” builds on a ten-month fieldwork-based research project conducted in four regions—east, west, northeast and north Afghanistan—during 2016. The authors Katja Mielke and Nick Miszak analyze so-called... more

Elke Grawert, Fazalrabi Shirzad, Conflict-sensitive employment in Afghan construction and transport companies, 2017

With the aim of identifying the challenges of and motives for conflict-sensitive employment, the authors Elke Grawert (BICC) and Fazalrabi Shirzad (The Liaison Office, TLO) present a qualitative study on construction and transport companies in Afghanistan, based on interviews with company owners... more

Elke Grawert, Rabia Nusrat, Zulfiqar Ali Shah, Afghanistan’s Cross-border Trade with Pakistan and Iran and the Responsibility for Conflict-sensitive Employment, 2017

This Working Paper focuses on transporters, i. e. hauliers, as important actors in the border areas between Afghanistan and its neighbours Pakistan and Iran. The transport sector is sensitive to market fluctuations and a volatile business environment, reacting strongly with increasing or declining... more

Elke Grawert, Dirk Hansohm, Rabia Nusrat, Is Conflict Sensitivity Applicable to Employment?, 2017

“Conflict-sensitivity” is a catchword that addresses business practices in environments of armed conflict. The United Nations Global Compact and international finance institutions are devoting efforts into convincing companies to comply with principles aiming to provide the private sector with a... more

Nikhil Acharya, Olivier Grumel, An Vranckx, Safety First, 2016

This Knowledge Note provides an insight into current realities, behaviour and practices in arms and ammunition storage sites in north-western DR Congo. Tailored recommendations for strengthening ammunition and weapons safety by improving physical security measures and renovating infrastructural... more

Joanne Richards, Implementing DDR in Settings of Ongoing Conflict: The Organization and Fragmentation of Armed Groups in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), 2016

Although it is common for armed groups to splinter (or “fragment”) during contexts of multi-party civil war, current guidance on Disarmament, Demobilization, and Reintegration (DDR) does not address the challenges that arise when recalcitrant fighters, unwilling to report to DDR, break ranks and... more

Claudia Breitung, Wolf-Christian Paes, Luuk van de Vondervoort, In Need of a Critical Re-think: Security Sector Reform in South Sudan, 2016

Past attempts at security sector reform (SSR) and disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration (DDR) in South Sudan have made no significant contribution to ‘right-sizing’ the Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA) and were unable to sustainably change South Sudan’s security apparatus. Taking into... more

Elke Grawert, Zeinab Abul-Magd, Businessmen in Arms: How the Military and Other Armed Groups Profit in the MENA Region, 2016

The Arab Uprisings have brought renewed attention to the role of the military in the MENA region, where they are either the backbone of regime power or a crucial part of patronage networks in political systems. This collection of essays from international experts examines the economic interests of... more

Katja Mielke, Conrad Schetter, Commentary \ The case of Kunduz, 2015

In their commentary on the return of the Taliban to Kunduz, Katja Mielke and Conrad Schetter, researchers at BICC, call for a critical analysis of the Bundeswehr deployment to Afghanistan. “The question isn’t whether or not more soldiers ought to be deployed to Afghanistan, but rather what has been... more

Sami Faltas, Report on the Work of the Arms Registration and Marking (ARM) Program and on Community Security and Arms Control (CSAC) in West Darfur (in Arabic) , 2015

In the “Report on the Work of the Arms Registration and Marking (ARM) Program and on Community Security and Arms Control (CSAC) in West Darfur (in Arabic)" Dr Sami Faltas presents the results of his field research in West Darfur, Sudan. The study was assigned by BICC and the Sudan DDR... more

Joanne Richards, An Institutional History of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam, 2015

(Working Paper No. 10). Geneva: Centre on Conflict, Development, and Peacebuilding. more

Sami Faltas, Report on the Work of the Arms Registration and Marking (ARM) Program and on Community Security and Arms Control (CSAC) in West Darfur, 2014

In the “Report on the Work of the Arms Registration and Marking (ARM) Program and on Community Security and Arms Control (CSAC) in West Darfur” Dr Sami Faltas presents the results of his field research in West Darfur, Sudan. The study was assigned by BICC and the Sudan DDR Commission (SDDRC). The... more

Conrad Schetter, "Afghanistan: von der Bürgerkriegs- zur Interventionsruine", 2014

In: Werkner et. al. (eds.). Friedensgutachten 2014. LIT: Münster, pp. 310-322.                            more

Wolf-Christian Paes, Südsudan: Die Tragödie als Chance?, 2014

In: "Blätter für deutsche und internationale Politik", 2/2014, pp. 29-32 Südsudan: Die Tragödie als Chance? more

Elke Grawert, Forging Two Nations Insights on Sudan and South Sudan, 2014

One nation becoming two- looking into an arduous process ridden with violence, and sketching out the struggles with the legacies of an already troubled history, are the motivations for this publication on the Republic of Sudan and the Republic of South Sudan. The governments and societies of the... more

Impact Assessment of the Reintegration Component, 2013

The new Demobilisation, Disarmament and Reintegration Programme (NDDRP) in the Republic of South Sudan was launched by the National Demobilisation, Disarmament and Reintegration Commission (NDDRC) on behalf of the South Sudanese government in 2012. A pilot program started in April 2013 and is due... more

Ahmed Khalifa, “Allies or Competitors: The Economic Interests of the Armed Forces and the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt”, 2013

Paper prepared for the Annual Middle East Association (MESA) Convention October 10–13 2013. New Orleans, USA.  more

Katja Mielke, Conrad Schetter, Pakistan. Land der Extreme, 2013

München: C.H. Beck. (Beck’sche Reihe) 1. Auflage 2013. more

Joanne Richards, DDR in the DRC: The Impact of Command and Control, 2013

Washington, DC: United States Institute of Peace. more

Conrad Schetter, Afterword: Trajectories of Local Politics in Afghanistan, 2013

In: Conrad Schetter (ed.). Local Politics in Afghanistan. A Century of Intervention in the Social Order. London: Hurst & Company, 265-274. more

Marc von Boemcken, Between Security Markets and Protection Rackets. Formations of Political Order, 2013

Security is a social practice which constitutes different formations of political order. Developing a political economy of security practice, BICC Senior Researcher Dr. Marc von Boemcken distinguishes these formations with a view to the actual exchanges between various providers and receivers of... more

Ahmed Khalifa, “Stein auf Stein”, 2013

In: Zenith, Zeitschrift für den Orient. more

Marc von Boemcken, Dealing with Private Security Companies. Options for Development Cooperation in Timor-Leste, Liberia and Peru, 2012

How should development actors deal with private security companies? This BICC publication summarizes the main findings from field research led by Marc von Boemcken on private security companies in three developing countries: Timor-Leste, Liberia and Peru. Each summary focuses on the specific... more

Conrad Schetter, Wer sind die Taliban? Lifestyle zwischen Stammeskultur, Islamismus und Globalisierung, 2012

In: Bernhard Chiari (ed.). Auftrag Auslandseinsatz. Neueste Militärgeschichte an der Schnittstelle von Geschichtswissenschaft, Politik, Öffentlichkeit und Streitkräften. Freiburg i. Br.: Rombach: 307-320. more

Elke Grawert, “State Building im Südsudan: Wie können Staatsaufbau und Friedenssicherung zusammenkommen?“, 2012

In: Marcus Schaper (ed.). Good Enough Governance? Loccumer Protokoll / Tagungsdokumentation, pp. 80–90. more

Marc von Boemcken, Michael Ashkenazi, Clara Schmitz-Pranghe, Commercial Security and Development
Findings from Timor-Leste, Liberia and Peru, 2011

Commercial security affects a number of development-related factors, such as the capacity of states to govern, overall feelings of public safety, economic growth and social welfare.Findings from field research in Timor-Leste, Liberia and Peru indicate that the relation between commercial security... more

Conrad Schetter, Geographie des Widerstands: Überlagernde Konfliktdynamiken in der afghanisch-pakistanischen Grenzregion, 2011

In: Conrad Schetter & Jörgen Klussmann (eds.). Der Taliban-Komplex. Zwischen Aufstandsbewegung und Militäreinsatz. Frankfurt a.M. Campus: 135-160. more

Conrad Schetter, Kleine Geschichte Afghanistans, 2011

München: C.H. Beck (Beck’sche Reihe) 3. Auflage 2011. more

Elke Grawert, Introduction: After the Comprehensive Peace Agreement in Sudan, 2010

In: Elke Grawert (ed.). After the Comprehensive Peace Agreement in Sudan. Woodbridge: James Currey / Boydell & Brewer, pp. 1–26. more

Elke Grawert, “Challenges of Sub-regional Peace after the Comprehensive Peace Agreement in Sudan”, 2010

In: Elke Grawert (ed.). After the Comprehensive Peace Agreement in Sudan. Woodbridge: James Currey / Boydell & Brewer, pp. 241–261. more

Elke Grawert, “Beyond the Comprehensive Peace Agreement: Theoretical Outcomes”, 2010

In: Elke Grawert (ed.). After the Comprehensive Peace Agreement in Sudan. Woodbridge: James Currey / Boydell & Brewer, pp. 265–284. more

Axel Böhm, Participator Capacity Assessment of SSDDRC, 2010

Participator Capacity Assessment of SSDDRC.  Mission report (9 July until 7 August 2010). Juba: SSDDRC / BICC more

Nina Winkler, Research Report. Psycho-social intervention needs among ex-combatants in Southern Sudan, 2010

Research Report. Psycho-social intervention needs among ex-combatants in South Sudan. Juba: SSDDRC / BICC more

Conrad Schetter, Paschtunistan, Tribalistan, Talibanistan: Eine Grenze, drei Konflikte, 2010

In Conrad Schetter et al. (eds.). Grenzen Asiens. zwischen Globalisierung und staatlicher Fragmentierung. (=Bonner Asienstudien, Bd. 4). Hamburg: EB-Verlag, pp. 221‑46. more

Peter Runge, The Provincial Reconstruction Teams in Afghanistan: Role model for civil-military relations?, 2009

The main purpose of this Occasional Paper is to provide a humanitarian perspective to the ongoing debate about PRTs as a role model for civil-military relations. It will analyze the security dilemma in Afghanistan and the impact of the PRTs on the delivery of humanitarian aid. It will further... more

Wolf-Christian Paes, “From Failure to Success: The Impact of Sanctions on Angola’s Civil War”, 2009

In Michael Brzoska and George A. Lopez (eds.). Putting Teeth in the Tiger: Improving the Effectiveness of Arms Embargoes. Bingley: Emerald more

Wolf-Christian Paes, "The Challenge of Measuring Success: Yugoslavia's Sanction Decade (1991-2001)", 2009

In Michael Brzoska and George A. Lopez (eds.). Putting Teeth in the Tiger: Improving the Effectiveness of Arms Embargoes. Bingley: Emerald more

Helen Radecke, Sierra Leone: Mit Sicherheit eine gute Wahl? Eine Zwischenbilanz der demokratischen Friedenskonsolidierung, 2009

This Occasional Paper focuses on the analysis of individual measures fostering democratic peace consolidation in Sierra Leone. Following a theoretical introduction, the political history of Sierra Leone is described briefly. The main part consists of the presentation and evaluation of the... more

Conrad Schetter, The Peripheralization of the Center: “Warlordism” in Afghanistan, 2009

In Middle East Institute (ed.). Afghanistan, 1979-2009: In the Grip of Conflict. Viewpoints. Special Edition. Washington, DC, pp. 118‑21. more

Conrad Schetter, Rainer Glassner, The Changing Face of Warlordism in Afghanistan, 2009

In Hans-Georg Ehrhart and Charles C. Pentland (eds.). The Afghanistan Challenge. Hard Realities and Strategic Choices. Montreal: McGill-Queens University Press, pp. 37‑56. more

Conrad Schetter, Rainer Glassner, Neither Functioning, nor Failing of the State! Seeing Violence in Afghanistan from Local Perspectives, 2009

In Sabine Collmer (ed.). From Fragile State to Functioning State: Pathways to Democratic Transformation in Georgia, Kosovo, Moldova, and Afghanistan. Berlin: LIT/Transaction Press, pp. 141‑60. more

Roland Friedrich, Arnold Luethold, Entry-Points to Palestinian Security Sector Reform, 2007

Security sector reform (SSR) is on top of the Palestinian reform agenda. Palestinians want effective and accountable security forces that respond to their security needs. For them, security sector reform is also necessary to advance Palestinian state-building. However, many political organisations... more