Natural resources

Results: 55

Boris Schinke, Jens Klawitter , Maurice Döring, Nadejda Komendantova, Jenan Irshaid, Joanne Bayer, Electricity Planning for Sustainable Development in the MENA Region, 2017

As electricity systems are not developed in isolation from society, but in a continuous interaction with social, economic, environmental, and political dimensions, this publication aims to develop a comprehensive database for the purpose of evaluating the complex trade-offs between different... more

Boris Schinke, Jens Klawitter , Maurice Döring, Nadejda Komendantova, Jenan Irshaid, Joanne Bayer, Description of electricity generation technologies, 2017

This chapter describes the eight electricity generation technologies considered in this publication by illustrating the basic principles behind each form of electricity generation, the conventional sub-types for each technology, as well as their common application and specific technological... more

Alexander Mager, Lars Wirkus, Elisabeth Schoepfer, Impact Assessment of Oil Exploitation in South Sudan using Multi-Temporal Landsat Imagery, 2016

This scientific report examines the spatial impacts of oil exploitation in Melut County, South Sudan, at six points in the time span between 1999 and 2011, based on Landsat satellite data. Three features were analysed: cropland, oil well pads and roads. Feature extraction consisted of pixel- and... more

Lena Guesnet, Konfliktrohstoffe und menschliche Sicherheit, 2016

In: Bindenagel, J., Herdegen, M., & Kaiser, K. (Eds.). Internationale Sicherheit im 21. Jahrhundert. Deutschlands internationale Verantwortung. Bonn: Bonn University Press bei V&R unipress (Internationale Beziehungen. Theorie und Geschichte, Vol. 13), pp. 187-196. more

Anna-Katharina Hornidge , Anastasiya Shtaltovna, Conrad Schetter, Agricultural Knowledge and Knowledge Systems in Post-Soviet Societies, 2016

Bern, Berlin, Bruxelles, Frankfurt am Main, New York, Oxford, Wien: Peter Lang (Interdisciplinary Studies on Central and Eastern Europe Vol. 15) 2016. more

Boris Schinke, Conrad Schetter, The social dimension of “desert power”, 2015

In: D + C, e-Paper  No. 11 2015, 2015/11, Page 41-43 more

Elvan Isikozlu, Susanne Heinke, Facing Organised Violence: Research Agendas and Conversion Potentials, 2015

On the occasion of its 20th anniversary, the Bonn International Center for Conversion (BICC) hosted a two-day international academic conference on “Facing Organised Violence: Research Agendas and Conversion Potentials” from 27 to 28 October 2014 in Bonn. The aim of the conference was to approach... more

Nina Bernarding, Lena Guesnet, Marie Müller-Koné, No rebel without a cause. Shifting the debate about conflict minerals in eastern DRC, 2015

Precluding conflict financing through the minerals sector has come to be seen as the panacea to ending conflicts in the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). The US Dodd-Frank-Act (2010) and European draft legislation attempt to reduce the financing of armed groups in conflict zones by... more

Marie Müller-Koné, Lena Guesnet, How to Enforce Due Diligence? Making EU-legislation on ‘Conflict Minerals’ Effective, 2015

In the weeks and months ahead, the European parliament has a decisive role in reaching meaningful European legislation on the responsible sourcing of minerals from conflict regions. In mid- May 2015, it is due to vote on an EU regulation drafted by the European Commission. In BICC Policy Brief... more

Larry Swatuk, Water Woes but not Water Wars: Getting Beyond Fatalism, 2015

Professor Larry Swatuk, University of Waterloo, Canada, is an expert on environmental security and natural resources governance. Commenting on the water crisis in California he argues: “In my view, this prolonged drought challenges not only Californians but every one of us to reconsider the ends to... more

Lena Guesnet, Marie Müller-Koné, Moremi Zeil, Compensation Matters. Securing community interests in large-scale investments, 2014

The study “Compensation Matters Securing community interests in large-scale investments” provides analyses of contentious issues in compensation matters such as power relations in negotiations, entitlements for compensation and types of compensation. Furthermore, it offers practitioners tools and... more

Martin Doevenspeck, Lena Guesnet, Marie Müller-Koné, “Ostkongo: der ewige Krieg?”, 2013

In: Marc von Boemcken, Ines-Jacqueline Werkner, Margret Johannsen, and Bruno Schoch (eds.). Friedensgutachten 2013. Münster: Lit Verlag, pp. 278–91. more

Utz Ebertz, Marie Müller-Koné, Legacy of a resource-fueled war: The role of generals in Angola’s mining sector, 2013

After a sketch of the current need for reform in the Kimberley Process for rough diamonds, BICC Focus 12 “Legacy of a resource-fueled war: The role of generals in Angola’s mining sector” scrutinizes the role that generals of the Angolan state armed forces FAA play in Angola’s mining... more

Elke Grawert, Christine Andrä, Oil Investment and Conflict in Upper Nile State, 2013

This brief aims to contribute to the study of the relationship between government, oil corporations, and local communities in South Sudan. Its area of study are the oil fields of Blocks 3 and 7 in Melut and Maban Counties, Upper Nile State, the largest oil producing area in the country,... more

Luuk van de Vondervoort, David Deng, Paul Mertenskoetter, “Establishing a Mining Sector in Postwar South Sudan”, 2013

Special Report. Washington, DC: United States Institute of Peace.  “Establishing a Mining Sector in Postwar South Sudan”  more

Asghar Tahmasebi, Eckart Ehlers, Conrad Schetter, "Climate Change and Mountain Pastoralism - The Shahsevan of Northwest Iran", 2013

 Climate Change and Mountain Pastoralism - The Shahsevan of Northwest Iran. In: Erdkunde 67 (4): 309-323. more

Lena Guesnet, Raimund Bleischwitz, "Conflict Minerals", 2012

In: Sarah Fredericks, Lei Shen, Shirley Thompson, & Daniel Vasey (eds.), The Berkshire Encyclopedia of Sustainability: Vol. 4. Natural Resources and Sustainability (pp. 82-88). Great Barrington, MA: Berkshire Publishing.  more

Marie Müller-Koné, Friedel Hütz-Adams, Auf der Suche nach dem sauberen Gold: Kleinbergbau von Gold in Peru und DR Kongo, 2012

Researchers from SÜDWIND and BICC traveled to gold mines in the DR Congo and Peru in the framework of a joint project  to find out which measures can help small-scale and artisanal miners to secure their livelihood in regions of conflict and to improve social and ecological mining... more

Boris Schinke, Jens Klawitter , Christof Kögler, “Desertec: Zwischen Heilsanspruch und neokolonialen Befürchtungen”, 2012

In: Wissenschaft und Frieden, Vol. 30, No. 3, pp. 39–42. “Desertec: Zwischen Heilsanspruch und neokolonialen Befürchtungen” more

Fabrice Renaud, Lars Wirkus, “Water, Climate Change and Human Security: Conflict and Migration", 2012

In: Bigas, H. et al. (eds.).The global water crisis: Addressing an urgent security issue. Papers for the Interaction Council. UNU-INWEH, Hamilton, pp. 34–45. more

Peter J. Croll, Lena Guesnet, Rebecca Schmitz, “Konkurrenz um knappe Ressourcen. Herausforderungen für Sicherheit und Frieden", 2012

In: Michael Reder, Hanna Pfeifer (eds.). Kampf um Ressourcen. Weltordnung zwischen Konkurrenz und Kooperation. Stuttgart: Kohlhammer, pp. 18-32. more

Lena Guesnet, "Folgen der Erdölförderung für die Konfliktdynamik im Tschad", 2012

In: Michael Reder, Hanna Pfeifer (eds.). Kampf um Ressourcen. Weltordnung zwischen Konkurrenz und Kooperation. Stuttgart: Kohlhammer, pp. 86-101.  more

Friedel Hütz-Adams, Marie Müller-Koné, Kleinbergbau von Gold in der DR Kongo und Peru (Tagungsdokumentation), 2012

Documentation of an expert meeting on artisanal miners, Bonn (29 February 2012). more

Marie Müller-Koné, “Turning the Curse into a Blessing. A Convenient Illusion. Lessons from the Nigerian EITI Process”, 2011

In: Jürgen Runge and James Shikwati (eds.) Geological Resources and Good Governance in Sub-Saharan Africa, London: Taylor and Francis Group, pp 69–89. more

Iskandar Abdullaev, Katja Mielke, Peter Mollinga, Jan Monsees, Conrad Schetter, Usman Shah, Water, War and Reconstruction. Irrigation Management in the Kunduz Region, 2010

In Murat Arsel and Max Spoor (eds.). Water, Environmental Security and Sustainable Rural Development. Conflict and Cooperation in Central Eurasia. London: Routledge, pp. 21‑48. more

Marie Müller-Koné, Revenue transparency to mitigate the resource curse in the Niger Delta? Potential and reality of NEITI, 2010

The paper begins with a discussion of the possible negative consequences of oil exploitation in developing countries, often referred to as resource curse, introducing the analytical framework of the ‘petro-state’ (Section 1). In order to assess the relevance of revenue transparency for addressing... more

Claudia Frank, Lena Guesnet, “We were promised development and all we got is misery”—
The Influence of Petroleum on Conflict Dynamics in Chad, 2009

BICC brief 41 analyzes the effects of oil production on conflict dynamics in Chad. The authors, Lena Guesnet and Claudia Frank conclude in the study that the goal of the project supported by the World Bank, to foster development in the Central African country has failed miserably.The Chad-Cameroon... more

Lena Guesnet, Marie Müller-Koné, Jolien Schure, Natural Resources in Côte d’Ivoire: Fostering Crisis or Peace?
The Cocoa, Diamond, Gold and Oil Sectors, 2009

The trade and exploitation of natural resources such as cocoa, gold, petroleum and diamonds contributed to the conflict in Côte d’Ivoire and still obstruct the peace process in the country. This is one of the conclusions of BICC brief 40, entitled: “Natural Resources in Côte d’Ivoire: Fostering... more

Lars Wirkus, Koko Warner, “Evidence of the impacts of climate change on human security in Africa, with reference to migration and water-related conflict", 2009

Paper presented at the International Conference on Climate Change, Social Stress and Violent Conflict, Hamburg 19–20 November 2009. more

Elke Grawert, "Departures from Post-colonial Authoritarianism. Analysis of System Change with a Focus on Tanzania", 2009

Reihe Berliner Studien zur Politik in Afrika, Vol. 15. Berlin/New York / Oxford: Peter Lang Verlag. more

Edward Ceska, Michael Ashkenazi, “Piraterie vor der afrikanischen Küste und ihre Ursachen [Piracy on the African coast and its causes]”, 2009

Aus Politik und Zeitgeschichte, No. 34–35, pp. 33–8. “Piraterie vor der afrikanischen Küste und ihre Ursachen [Piracy on the African coast and its causes]” more

Lena Guesnet, Jolien Schure, Wolf-Christian Paes, Digging for Peace
Private Companies and Emerging Economies in Zones of Conflict, 2009

BICC brief 38 documents the international conference “Digging for Peace: Private Companies and Emerging Economies in Zones of Conflict” which took place from 21 to 22 November 2008 in Bonn. About 120 participants, amongst them representatives of research institutes, private companies, civil society... more

Dustin Dehérez, The Scarcity of Land in Somalia Natural Resources and their Role in the Somali Conflict, 2009

A historical perspective, as proposed by this Occasional Paper, might illuminate one of the underlying roots of conflict and state failure and might also help address central problems to conflict resolution in Somalia. It is the thesis of this Paper that in the fertile riverine areas of southern... more

Ruth Vollmer, Reza Ardakanian, Matt Hare, Jan Leentvaar, Charlotte van der Schaaf, Lars Wirkus, Institutional Capacity Development in Transboundary Water Management, 2009

Institutional Capacity Development in Transboundary Water Management. The United Nations World Water Assessment Programme, Side Publication Series “Insights”. UNESCO, Paris. more

Lars Wirkus, Larry Swatuk, Transboundary Water Governance in Southern Africa, 2009

This collection of Southern African case studies is intended to contribute to the burgeoning literature on transboundary water governance (TBWG) particularly as it applies to areas of the Global South. Specifically, the collection interrogates the idea of the ‘boundary’. Transboundary Management is... more

Larry Swatuk, Lars Wirkus, “Transboundary Water Governance in Southern Africa: An introduction”, 2009

In Larry Swatuk and Lars Wirkus (eds.). Transboundary Water Governance in Southern Africa - Examining underexplored dimension. Baden-Baden: Nomos (Reihe Sustainable Peace abd Global Security Governance), pp. 11–29. more

Larry Swatuk, Lars Wirkus, “Transboundary Water Governance in Southern Africa: beyond the state", 2009

In Larry Swatuk and Lars Wirkus (eds.). Transboundary Water Governance in Southern Africa - Examining underexplored dimension. "Baden-Baden: Nomos (Reihe Sustainable Peace and Global Security Governance), pp. 197–207. more

Susanne Heinke, Conflict diamonds and peace process in Côte d’Ivoire, 2008

Côte d’Ivoire is the only country, which is currently under embargo by the United Nations for the export of conflict diamonds since December 2005. The conflict and years of ‘no war, no peace’ have been profitable for both the military and the Forces Nouvelles (FN) rebels, thereby paralyzing the... more

Peter J. Croll, Wolf-Christian Paes, Andreas Lebzien, Yellow Imperialism’ or ‘successful wealth creation formula’?: How the trade in natural resources is changing Chinese-African relations, 2008

Frustrated by complex donor policies and the high overhead costs of multilateral development projects, many African governments appreciated the alternative presented by the Chinese government in an increasingly multi-polar world.However, a sober analysis of China’s role in Africa indicates that... more