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Use of violence

Results: 96

Katja Mielke, Nick Miszak, Jihadi-Salafism in Afghanistan—Beyond Taliban, Al-Qaeda and Daesh: Options for German foreign and development policy, 2017

Since July 2017, the declared liberation of Mosul, Iraq, and the expected fall of Raqqa, Syria, has brought the debate about the survival of so-called Islamic State (Daesh) to the forefront. BICC policy Brief “Jihadi-Salafism in Afghanistan—Beyond Taliban, Al-Qaeda and Daesh” discusses options for... more

Max M. Mutschler, Auf dem Weg zur flüchtigen Kriegführung? Flüchtige Moderne und Krieg im 21. Jahrhundert, 2017

War in the 21st century is more complex, volatile, society based and information intensive than ever before. One could simplify the description of waging war as different combinations of highly modern, traditional and asymmetric components, which, according to the postmodern maxim “anything goes”,... more

Janosch Prinz, Conrad Schetter, Conditioned Sovereignty: The Creation and Legitimation of Spaces of Violence in Counterterrorism Operations of the "War on Terror", 2017

We argue that the spatialization of violence in the counterterrorism operations of the War on Terror provides insight for understanding how these operations are legitimized and how they pose a challenge to an international order centered on state sovereignty. Against the background of a discussion... more

Esther Meininghaus, Andreas Heinemann-Grüder, Safe zones for Syria: Mitigating the Humanitarian Crisis, 2017

The upcoming Syria negotiations in Geneva on 20 February 2017 may prove fundamental in deciding on the future of the country. In their Policy Brief “Safe zones for Syria. Mitigating the Humanitarian Crisis”, BICC researchers Esther Meininghaus and Andreas Heinemann-Grüder discuss the question... more

Conrad Schetter, Katja Mielke, Was von Kundus bleibt. Intervention, Gewalt und Soziale Ordnung in Afghanistan, 2016

This article investigates interdependencies between intervening powers and local dynamics in Afghanistan in general and with a focus on the Kunduz region between 2001 and 2015. Using the concept of „Social Order“ the authors analyse how understandings of contexts and self-understandings of... more

Elvan Isikozlu, Susanne Heinke, Networks of Organised Violence, 2016

On 28 October 2015, BICC hosted its annual international conference entitled “Networks of Organised Violence”. The topic of the conference was chosen because of a perceived shift from the primacy of the state to the importance of networks in perpetrating organised violence. Its aim was to view... more

Marc von Boemcken, Unknowing the unknowable. From ‘critical war studies’ to a critique of war, 2016

Recent critical interventions challenge the Enlightenment critique of war as the radical antithesis of ‘peace’. The negation of war as an epitome of unreason is, indeed, dangerous to the extent that it tends to excite pacifying ‘wars against war’. Yet, what follows from this? The article argues... more

Elke Grawert, Zeinab Abul-Magd, Businessmen in Arms: How the Military and Other Armed Groups Profit in the MENA Region, 2016

The Arab Uprisings have brought renewed attention to the role of the military in the MENA region, where they are either the backbone of regime power or a crucial part of patronage networks in political systems. This collection of essays from international experts examines the economic interests of... more

Esther Meininghaus, Humanitarianism in intra-state conflict: aid inequality and local governance in government- and opposition-controlled areas in the Syrian war, 2016

This article argues that humanitarian aid in intra-state conflict plays a crucial but largely unrecognised role in shaping the preconditions for negotiations for peace and post-conflict reconstruction. Drawing on a spatial theory approach, it identifies the role of humanitarian aid as not being... more

Esther Meininghaus, Creating Consent in Ba'thist Syria: Women and Welfare in a Totalitarian State, 2016

The challenge of maintaining dictatorial regimes through control, co-option and coercion while upholding a facade of legitimacy is something that has concerned leaders throughout the Middle East and beyond. Nowhere is this more evident than in the Syria ruled by the Asads, both Hafiz and his son... more

Marc von Boemcken, Conrad Schetter, Security. What Is It? What Does It Do?, 2016

In: Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung, Think Piece 09, Reflection Group Monopoly on the use of force. more

Marc von Boemcken, The Political Economy of Security Practice, 2016

In: Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung, Think Piece 10, Reflection Group Monopoly on the use of force. more

Elvan Isikozlu, Commentary \ The Seduction of Simplicity: Popular Claims Following the Paris Attacks, 2015

Elvan Isikozlu, researcher at BICC, comments on the aftermath of the Paris attacks. She argues that “the discourse following the attacks has been full of generalisations, oversimplifications and dichotomies, none of which help to better grasp who and what we in the West are dealing with.”She comes... more

Elke Grawert, Anhaltend, ungelöst: Der Darfur-Konflikt und die Erfolglosigkeit der VN-Einsätze im Sudan, 2015

The Darfur conflict is part of a bigger lasting violent conflict that had been latent since the 1980 s and erupted massively between 2003 and 2006. Characterized by national conflict constellations within Sudan and South Sudan, as well as violent conflicts crossing borders. International actors are... more

Andreas Heinemann-Grüder, Putins Krieg im Osten. Beschwichtigen oder abschrecken?, 2015

What could be the lessons of the Ukraine conflict for German and European politics? On the backdrop of deep divisions in Germany and the EU over an appropriate Russia policy, the article discusses three options. A policy of appeasement and détente aims at a balance of power among the great powers... more

Elvan Isikozlu, Susanne Heinke, Facing Organised Violence: Research Agendas and Conversion Potentials, 2015

On the occasion of its 20th anniversary, the Bonn International Center for Conversion (BICC) hosted a two-day international academic conference on “Facing Organised Violence: Research Agendas and Conversion Potentials” from 27 to 28 October 2014 in Bonn. The aim of the conference was to approach... more

Michael Ashkenazi, Michael Müller, Der veränderte Charakter von Konflikten und die Folgen für Kinder, 2015

In: Deutsches Komitee für UNICEF (eds.) UNICEF-Report 2015. Kinder zwischen den Fronten, Frankfurt am Main: Fischer. more

Lars Wirkus, An Open Source WebGIS Application for Civic Education on
Peace and Conflict , 2015

In: ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information, 4(2), pp. 1013–1032. more

Janosch Prinz, Conrad Schetter, Unregierte Räume, "kill boxes" und Drohnenkriege: die Konstruktion neuer Gewalträume, 2015

In: Korf, Benedikt; Schetter, Conrad (eds.) Geographien der Gewalt. Kriege, Konflikte und die Ordnung des Raumes im 21. Jahrhundert, Stuttgart: Borntraeger. more

Conrad Schetter, Five Theses on the Structural Instability of Afghanistan, 2015

In: Centlivres-Demont, Micheline (eds.) Afghanistan: Identity, Society and Politics since 1980, London New York: I.B.Tauris. more

Joanne Richards, An Institutional History of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam, 2015

(Working Paper No. 10). Geneva: Centre on Conflict, Development, and Peacebuilding. more

Andreas Heinemann-Grüder, Die Radikalisierungsdynamik des Putinismus, 2014

In: Blätter für deutsche und internationale Politik, Heft 10, pp. 77-85. more

Katja Mielke, Protests in Search of a Movement, 2014

In: Tanqueed, Issue 7 (Fall 2014), pp. 52-58. more

Anna Kaitinnis, Auswärtige Kultur-und Bildungspolitik in Staaten im Umbruch am Beispiel Myanmars, 2014

In the study “Auswärtige Kultur-und Bildungspolitik in Staaten im Umbruch am Beispiel Myanmars”, Anna Kaitinnis, visiting researcher at BICC in 2013, looks at the complicated process of democratization of Myanmar under its military dictatorship and the role German foreign cultural and education... more

Conrad Schetter, "The Unknown Unknowns. The Use of Knowledge in Western Internvention Politics", 2014

In: Bernhard Chiari (ed.). From Venus to Mars? Provincial Reconstruction Teams and the European Military Experience, 2001-2014. Rombach Verlag, pp. 87-101. more

Andreas Heinemann-Grüder, Ukraine: Revolution und Revanche, 2014

In: Blätter für deutsche und internationale Politik, Heft 6, pp. 37-47. more

Conrad Schetter, Nelli Nokkala, Die Auswirkungen der militärischen Intervention auf Afghanistan und Pakistan, 2014

In: Hoppe (ed.). Verantwortung zu schützen. Interventionspolitik seit 1990 - eine friedensethische Bilanz. Köster: Berlin, pp. 203-227. more

Peter Schumann, Elke Grawert, Internationales Peacekeeping im Sudan. UNAMID: Zwischen humanitärem Auftrag und realpolitischen Interessen, 2014

In: Hoppe (ed.). Verantwortung zu schützen. Interventionspolitik seit 1990 - eine friedensethische Bilanz. Köster: Berlin, pp. 151-201. more

Wolf-Christian Paes, Krankenhäuser und Schulen allein reichen nicht: Warum die Geber am Chaos im Südsudan eine Mitschuld tragen, 2014

In: Welt-Sichten, Vol. 7, No. 3, pp. 8-9. "Krankenhäuser und Schulen allein reichen nicht: Warum die Geber am Chaos im Südsudan eine Mitschuld tragen" more

Wolf-Christian Paes, Südsudan: Die Tragödie als Chance?, 2014

In: "Blätter für deutsche und internationale Politik", 2/2014, pp. 29-32 Südsudan: Die Tragödie als Chance? more

Conrad Schetter, Commentary: The new German foreign policy: Responsibility and interests , 2014

Only rarely does one experience such a unanimous and clear commitment to a new direction Germany’s foreign policy is taking as at the security conference late January in Munich. In unison, Federal President Joachim Gauck, Foreign Minister Walter Steinmeier and Defense Minister Ursula von der Leyen... more

Markus Rudolf, Integrating Conflict - Assessing a Thirty Years War, 2013

Conflict and conflict management in the Lower Casamance, Senegal. Dissertation, Halle, 2013 more

Conrad Schetter, Andreas Wimmer, Ethnic Violence, 2013

In: Gerben Bruinsma and David Weisburd (eds.). Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice. Springer; New York, pp. 1394‑403. more

Michael Ashkenazi, "Forces Of Order And Disorder: Security Providers And The Illusion Of Conflict Management", 2013

In: Volker Franke and R. Dorff (eds.). Conflict Management and Peacebuilding: Pillars of a New American Grand Strategy. Carlisle, PA: Strategic Studies Institute. more

Utz Ebertz, Marie Müller-Koné, Legacy of a resource-fueled war: The role of generals in Angola’s mining sector, 2013

After a sketch of the current need for reform in the Kimberley Process for rough diamonds, BICC Focus 12 “Legacy of a resource-fueled war: The role of generals in Angola’s mining sector” scrutinizes the role that generals of the Angolan state armed forces FAA play in Angola’s mining... more

Markus Rudolf, Gender and Conflict in the Casamance, 2013

In: Logica Publications, Nairobi, 2013. more

Witold Mucha, Ahmed Khalifa, "The Military in Egypt. Peacemaker with Expiration Date?", 2013

In: Africa & Francophonie. Air & Space Power Journal, Volume 1, 2013/1, pp. 68-88. "The Military in Egypt. Peacemaker with Expiration Date?" more

Marc von Boemcken, Between Security Markets and Protection Rackets. Formations of Political Order, 2013

Security is a social practice which constitutes different formations of political order. Developing a political economy of security practice, BICC Senior Researcher Dr. Marc von Boemcken distinguishes these formations with a view to the actual exchanges between various providers and receivers of... more

Ahmed Khalifa, “Stein auf Stein”, 2013

In: Zenith, Zeitschrift für den Orient. more

Michael Ashkenazi, Jan Grebe, ”Traditionelle Konfliktbearbeitung”, 2012

In: Andreas Heinemann-Grüder und Isabell Bauer (eds.). Zivile Konfliktbearbeitung. Vom Anspruch zur Wirklichkeit. Leverkusen: Buderich Verlag, pp. 122–32. more

Conrad Schetter, Ungoverned Territories – The Construction of Spaces of Risk in the ‘War on Terrorism’, 2012

In: Detlef Müller-Mahn (ed.). Spatial Dimension of Risk. London: Earthscan: 97-108. more

Benedikt Korf, Conrad Schetter, Räume des Ausnahmezustands. Carl Schmitts Raumphilosophie, Frontiers und Ungoverned Territories, 2012

Peripherie 32 (126/127. 147-170). Räume des Ausnahmezustands. Carl Schmitts Raumphilosophie, Frontiers und Ungoverned Territories more

Conrad Schetter, Krise, Katastrophe und soziale Ordnung. Der Bürgerkrieg in Afghanistan, 2012

In: Thomas Mergel (ed.). Krisen verstehen. Historische und kulturwissenschaftliche Annäherungen. Frankfurt a.M.: Campus. more

Michael Ashkenazi, “Development is Destruction, and other things you weren’t taught at school”, 2012

In: Volker Franke and Robin Dorff (eds.). The Whole of Government Approach and US Policy. Carlisle PA:  US Army War College, pp. 99-106. more

Conrad Schetter, Janosch Prinz, Counterinsurgency, Anthropology, Retreat –
the US Military's COIN ‘Strategy’ in Afghanistan, 2012

In: Orient 2: 24-34. The COIN strategy of the US Military was conceived as a response to the lack of strategy in the intervention in Afghanistan. An analysis of the core elements and a presentation of the major political connections of the intervention suggest that on this basis they cannot... more

Markus Rudolf, National, Ethnic, and Creole Identities in Contemporary Upper Guinea Coast Societies, 2012

2012, Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology Working Papers No. 135, Halle, Authors: Christian Højbjerg, Jacqueline Knörr, Christoph Kohl, Markus Rudolf, Anita Schroven, Wilson Trajano Filho more

Marc von Boemcken, Michael Ashkenazi, Clara Schmitz-Pranghe, Commercial Security and Development
Findings from Timor-Leste, Liberia and Peru, 2011

Commercial security affects a number of development-related factors, such as the capacity of states to govern, overall feelings of public safety, economic growth and social welfare.Findings from field research in Timor-Leste, Liberia and Peru indicate that the relation between commercial security... more

Andreas Heinemann-Grüder, Frieden mit oder ohne Menschenrechte?, 2011

(zus. mit Yanti Hölzchen), in: Swen Steinberg, Daniel K.W. Trepsdorf, Christoph Wielepp (Hrsg.), Nach dem Umbruch. Transformationen in europäischer und globaler Perspektive, Berlin: Wissenschaftlicher Verlag Berlin, pp. 179-192. more

Elke Grawert, “Sudan: Interventionen light?”, 2011

In: Margret Johannsen, Bruno Schoch,Corinna Hauswedell, Tobias Debiel and Christiane Fröhlich (eds.). Friedensgutachten 2011. Berlin: Lit Verlag, pp. 223–34. more

Elvan Isikozlu, "Kriegsvergewaltigung. Eine Typologie". W&F, Wissenschaft und Frieden – Dossier 67, 2011

“Wartime rape-A Typology” aims at developing a typology of wartime rape as a first step toward understanding the different consequences of this form of violence in war. This typology is based on the examination of wartime rape in Bosnia and Herzegovina and El Salvador as well on a review of the... more

Elke Grawert, “New Start, Old Baggage”, 2011

Development and Cooperation D+C, Vol. 52, No. 3, p. 130. “New Start, Old Baggage” (comment on South Sudan’s independence /“debate”)  more

Elke Grawert, “Neubeginn mit Altlasten”, 2011

Entwicklung und Zusammenarbeit E+Z, Vol. 52, No. 3, p. 130. “Neubeginn mit Altlasten” (Kommentar zur Unabhängigkeit des Südsudan /„Debatte“) more

Conrad Schetter, Janosch Prinz, The Stability of Instability – State, Security, and Violent Conflicts in South Asia, 2011

In Christoph Schuck (ed.). Security in a Changing Global Environment. Challenging the Human Security Approach. Baden-Baden: Nomos, pp. 327‑54. more

Conrad Schetter, "Ungoverned territories“ – Eine konzeptuelle Innovation im „War on Terror“, 2010

In: Geographica Helvetica 65 (3. 181-188). „Ungoverned territories“ – Eine konzeptuelle Innovation im „War on Terror“. more

Elvan Isikozlu, Ananda S. Millard, Towards a Typology of Wartime Rape, 2010

BICC brief 43 “Towards a Typology of wartime rape” aims at developing a typology of wartime rape as a first step toward understanding the different consequences of this form of violence in war. This typology is based on the examination of wartime rape in Bosnia and Herzegovina and El Salvador as... more

Felix Koltermann, Der Gaza-Krieg im Bild, 2010

This Occasional Paper analyzes the photographic reporting of the German daily newspapers Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung (FAZ) and Süddeutsche Zeitung (SZ) about the Gaza war (2008/2009).This paper is based on the assumption that photographic reporting as photojournalistic war photography represents... more

Michael Ashkenazi, “Der Sudan am Scheideweg [Sudan at the Crossroads]”, 2010

In: Christiane Froehlich et al. (eds). Friedensgutachten 2010. Berlin: Lit Verlag, pp. 219–27. more

Conrad Schetter, Militärische Intervention: Humanität oder Durchsetzung von Eigeninteressen?, 2010

In Bernhard Chiari and Magnus Pahl (eds.). Wegweiser zur Geschichte. Auslandseinsätze der Bundeswehr. Paderborn: Schöningh, pp. 207‑15. more

Conrad Schetter, Der Antistaat: Talibanistan, 2010

In Josef Braml, Thomas Risse and Eberhard Sandschneider (eds.). Einsatz für den Frieden. Sicherheit und Entwicklung in Räumen begrenzter Staatlichkeit. München/Oldenbourg: Jahrbücher des Forschungsinstituts der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Auswärtige Politik Bd. 28, pp. 114‑22. more

Jan Grebe, "And They Are Still Targeting: Assessing the Effectiveness of Targeted Sanctions Against Zimbabwe", 2010

"And They Are Still Targeting: Assessing the Effectiveness of Targeted Sanctions Against Zimbabwe." Africa Spectrum, 45 (1), pp. 3-29. more

Elvan Isikozlu, Ananda S. Millard, “Wartime Rape: Identifying Knowledge Gaps and their Implications”, 2010

S + F, Vol. 28, No. 1, pp. 35–41. “Wartime Rape: Identifying Knowledge Gaps and their Implications” more

Marc von Boemcken, "Condottieri der Gegenwart. Die Globalisierung des privaten Sicherheitsgewerbes“, 2009

In Stig Förster, Christian Jansen and Günther Kronenbitter (eds.). Die Rückkehr der Condottieri? Krieg und Militär zwischen staatlichem Monopol und Privatisierung: Von der Antike bis zur Gegenwart. Paderborn: Schöningh-Verlag (Reihe: Krieg in der Geschichte), pp. 297–309. more

Edward Ceska, Michael Ashkenazi, “Piraterie vor der afrikanischen Küste und ihre Ursachen [Piracy on the African coast and its causes]”, 2009

Aus Politik und Zeitgeschichte, No. 34–35, pp. 33–8. “Piraterie vor der afrikanischen Küste und ihre Ursachen [Piracy on the African coast and its causes]” more

Wolf-Christian Paes, “From Failure to Success: The Impact of Sanctions on Angola’s Civil War”, 2009

In Michael Brzoska and George A. Lopez (eds.). Putting Teeth in the Tiger: Improving the Effectiveness of Arms Embargoes. Bingley: Emerald more

Wolf-Christian Paes, "The Challenge of Measuring Success: Yugoslavia's Sanction Decade (1991-2001)", 2009

In Michael Brzoska and George A. Lopez (eds.). Putting Teeth in the Tiger: Improving the Effectiveness of Arms Embargoes. Bingley: Emerald more

Volker Franke, Marc von Boemcken, “Private Guns: The Social Identity of Security Contractors", 2009

Journal of Conflict Studies, Vol. 29. “Private Guns: The Social Identity of Security Contractors" more

Elke Grawert, “Cross-border Dynamics of Violent Conflict: The Case of Sudan and Chad”, 2008

Journal of Asian and African Studies, Vol. 43, No. 6, pp. 595–614. “Cross-border Dynamics of Violent Conflict: The Case of Sudan and Chad.”  more

Marc von Boemcken, "Das Private Militärgewerbe: Ursachen, Typen und Problemfelder", 2008

In Walter Feichtinger et al. (eds.). Private Sicherheits- und Militärfirmen. Konkurrenten – Partner – Totengräber? Wien: Böhlau Verlag, pp. 47–66. more

Marc von Boemcken, "Network Centric Warfare oder die Automatisierung des Krieges", 2008

In Niklas Schörnig and Jan Helmig (eds.). Die Transformation der Streitkräfte im 21. Jahrhundert. Frankfurt/M.: Campus Verlag, pp. 81–102. more

Conrad Schetter, Katja Mielke, “Erzwungene Staatlichkeit – Die internationale Intervention in Afghanistan”

In: Günter Meyer et al. (eds.). Staatlichkeit in der Dritten Welt – Fragile und gescheiterte Staaten als Entwicklungsproblem. Mainz: Johannes Gutenberg Universität Mainz (Veröffentlichungen des interdisziplinären Arbeitskreises Dritte Welt Bd. 22), pp. 127–42. more