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An unprecedented experiment: Security sector reform in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Report Saferworld I

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Release date: 2002-08

Seeking to remedy this fundamental flaw in security sector reform, nearly seven years since the signing of the Dayton Accords, the international community is now intensifying its engagement to streamline security institutions and reduce personnel numbers to affordable levels. Thus far, public opinion has backed the process, likely due to successful campaigns undertaken by the international community to articulate the social cost savings and benefits of smaller professionalised security services.With the exception of roadblocks and demonstrations undertaken by soldiers slated for demobilisation, public unrest has been minimal and it appears that this aspect of the security sector reform process is on track to succeed.
The examples of SSR in this paper are extensive but not exhaustive. They illustrate the primary actors and the resulting synergies and problems between and within the international organisations and the host nation agencies. To provide detailed yet easy-to-reference background information on the international actors, several tables and a diagram are presented in the appendices. Appendix one provides basic information on the main international organisations involved in SSR in BiH. Appendix two covers selected non-governmental organisations.A schematic diagram showing the relationship between many of these organisations in the early years is provided in appendix three.