Anhaltend, ungelöst: Der Darfur-Konflikt und die Erfolglosigkeit der VN-Einsätze im Sudan

Release date: 2015-11

The Darfur conflict is part of a bigger lasting violent conflict that had been latent since the 1980 s and erupted massively between 2003 and 2006. Characterized by national conflict constellations within Sudan and South Sudan, as well as violent conflicts crossing borders. International actors are involved through competing organizations and interests in Darfur. This paper poses the question which role the peacekeeping interventions in Darfur, in particular UNAMID, have been playing for the persistence of the violent conflict. The paper argues that UNAMID is part of a figuration, within which the government and resistance groups have been interacting interdependently since the mid-1980 s. Tactical maneuvers of including and excluding actors in peace processes, as well as tensions between the United Nations and the African Union have maintained a power relationship that has favored the Sudanese government and prevented the adjustments of the UNAMID mandate to changing political realities. The paper draws the conclusion that in the case of Sudan, the international intervention, backed by the United Nations Security Council and the highest body of the African Union, has consolidated the existing power relations and the conflict-prone interdependences of violent actors.

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