Conversion in Africa: Past experience and future outlook

Release date: 1996-05

This paper, written in early 1995, is meant to provide a broad overview of conversion issues in Africa. It reviews the literature and information on conversion in Africa. It attempts to draw conclusions that may form the basis for further research about trends in military expenditure and personnel, indicating the extent of militarization in the region and the implications for demobilization and reintegration. It reviews some country experiences in demobilization and reintegration and illustrates the nature and content of demobilization and reintegration programs as well as their relationship to countries’ overall strategies for long-term development.