Conversion survey 2002 - Global disarmament, demilitarization and demobilization

Release date: 2001-12

The terrorist attacks of 11 September 2001 may well be remembered as a turning point in recent history, marking the end of the post-Cold War era. As documented in detail in the Update, after a decade of cuts in military expenditures, reductions in arms production, job losses in the defense industry, downsizing of weapon holdings, cuts in manpower of armed forces and closures of military bases, many of the indicators of disarmament and conversion signal reversion to Cold War days. However, can a massive military built-up prevent the recurrence of the tragic events of September 11? The authors of the conversion survey 2002 discuss the effects rearmament is likely to have on the successes in arms control, practical disarmament, conversion and security that were achieved during the last few years.

The conversion survey 2002 also includes three chapters exploring topical themes in depths: the changing nature of the military through internationalization and privatization; the complex task of small arms control in the conflict regions in the Balkans; and the false promises inherent in the next round of NATO enlargement.