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Legacy of a resource-fueled war: The role of generals in Angola’s mining sector

Policy Brief 12

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Release date: 2013-06

After a sketch of the current need for reform in the Kimberley Process for rough diamonds, BICC Focus 12 “Legacy of a resource-fueled war: The role of generals in Angola’s mining sector” scrutinizes the role that generals of the Angolan state armed forces FAA play in Angola’s mining sector to date, against the backdrop of the country’s diamond-fueled civil war. 

First, a short historical introduction will trace the evolution of the present landscape of actors in the Angolan diamond sector in the course of the country’s civil war. Second, the paper sketches the current business and security network connecting the MPLA government, the generals and international businesses in the Angolan diamond sector. Third, it addresses the record of massive human rights violations in the Lundas, associated with this network of security and mining actors.

Finally, some recommendations will deal with the question of how to react appropriately to the outlined situation in Angola’s diamond mining areas.