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Natural resources

BICC aims to understand and assess the interrelations between organized violence and the political economy surrounding the exploitation and use of certain resource types. The precondition for many concepts that legitimize organized violence is gaining access to and control over natural resources. Moreover, armed groups and state militaries commonly rely on the exploitation and sale of natural resources to fund the acquisition of weapons and pay their soldiers. In this sense, access to resources is not only an objective but also a condition of organized violence. It decides upon the kind of means the military can afford. Concrete practices include those of armed groups or parts of a national army to physically control and tax mining areas or governments that use off-budget revenues from natural resources to fund their military apparatus.

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